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Are Ball Pythons Poisonous? All You Need To Know!

Elizabeth Gray

Ask any snake expert, online or in person, what the best pet snake for beginners is and chances are one of the top responses will be ball pythons. Not only are these snakes inexpensive and easy to care for, but they are also one of the calmest and easiest to handle pet reptiles. Ball pythons even get high marks as a great pet snake for kids!

No matter how gentle or tame, any pet–not just a snake–has the potential to bite. As a first-time snake owner or a parent thinking about getting their child a ball python, this possibility can be frightening. One big question you might have is whether ball pythons are poisonous? No, ball pythons are not poisonous and if a ball python does bite you, their bite is not usually life-threatening.

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Does A Ball Python Bite Hurt?

ball python raising its head
Image Credit: aixklusiv, Pixabay

Unlike poisonous snakes, ball pythons donʻt have long, sharp fangs, designed to sink into prey and deliver venom. Because ball pythons kill by constricting, their teeth are designed to clamp and hold their prey as they squeeze. Ball pythons can have up to 100 small, needle-like teeth in their mouth.

If a ball python does bite, thereʻs usually a reason (more on that later!), and how much it hurts will depend on why the bite happened. The pain of a quick bite is often compared to that of scratches from rose thorns or briers. You may notice puncture marks on your skin and some bleeding.

If the ball python bites repeatedly or clamps down hard and doesnʻt want to let go, the bite and pain will be more severe. Pulling away from the bite often causes deeper cuts too. These bites can cause bruising, bleeding, or deeper trauma, especially if they occur in a more vulnerable part of your body like the face or neck.

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What To Do If a Ball Python Bites You

harlequin ball python
Image Credit: sipa, Pixabay

If youʻre bitten by a ball python, stay calm and try not to pull the snake free while the teeth are in your skin. This could cause more damage and deeper injuries. Remain calm and the snake will usually let go once they realize you arenʻt a threat or a meal.

Wash the bite with soap and warm water and call a doctor to find out what to do next. If the bite is more severe, the doctor may advise you to seek emergency treatment.

Contact a doctor about any snake bite, no matter how minor it seems. Anytime your skin is scratched or punctured, especially by a bite, an infection could develop. Seeking and following a doctorʻs advice is always the safest option in these circumstances.

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Why Do Ball Pythons Bite?

ball python raising its head
Image Credit: aixklusiv, Pixabay

In general, tamed and socialized ball pythons are gentle snakes, more likely to hide from danger than try to bite. But if they do bite, itʻs typically for one of two reasons: hunger or fear/stress.

Hunger

Hungry ball pythons may mistake human hands or fingers for food, especially if they smell like something delicious! To avoid this predicament, wash your hands right before handling a ball python to get any lingering tempting odors off your skin. Try not to stick your hands into your pythonʻs tank to get them out–even if theyʻre used to being handled–to further reduce your chances of being mistaken for a snack.

Fear/Stress

The other common reason a ball python may bite is out of fear or when theyʻre stressed. Young ball pythons who are still getting used to human contact are more likely to bite than adults, often out of fear. Ball pythons can also get stressed and grumpy after eating or when shedding their skin. The presence of a predator-type animal, such as the family dog, could stress a ball python enough to cause them to bite as well.

How To Avoid A Ball Python Bite

Lesser ball python in tree
Image Credit: Karel Bartik, Shutterstock

Again, no matter how gentle the pet, they all have the potential to bite. The keys to avoiding a ball python bite are prevention and learning to read the snakeʻs body language.

Like we already discussed, washing your hands before handling your ball python and not reaching into their cage can help prevent hunger-based bites.

To help prevent fear or stress-related bites, be cautious about touching a ball python when theyʻre shedding or digesting a meal. If your pet family includes dogs or cats, make sure to keep them away from your ball pythonʻs tank to avoid any predator stress.

Once you know what to look for, ball pythons tend to communicate their stress or fear pretty clearly before they resort to biting. If your snake hisses, tenses up, or acts nervous and jumpy, donʻt push your luck and avoid handling them until they calm down. A ball python who holds their head and neck in a tense S-shape is prepared to bite and should be left alone.

ball python eating a mouse
Image Credit: Lamnoi Manas, Shutterstock

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Conclusion

No snake owner wants to be bitten, but with a ball python you can feel some reassurance knowing that they arenʻt poisonous. Ball pythons are non-aggressive by nature and donʻt bite often anyway. Educating yourself about how to prevent bites and how to interpret your snakeʻs body language will further decrease your chances of getting chomped on by your ball python.


Featured Image Credit: anythings, Shutterstock

Elizabeth Gray

Elizabeth Gray is a lifelong lover of all creatures great and small. She got her first cat at 5 years old and at 14, she started working for her local veterinarian. Elizabeth spent more than 20 years working as a veterinary nurse before stepping away to become a stay-at-home parent to her daughter. Now, she is excited to share her hard-earned knowledge (literally--she has scars) with our readers. Elizabeth lives in Iowa with her family, including her two fur kids, Linnard, a husky mix and Algernon, the worldʻs most patient cat. When not writing, she enjoys reading, watching all sports but especially soccer, and spending time outdoors with her family.