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Bashkir Curly Horse: Facts, Lifespan, Behavior & Care Guide (with Pictures)

Bashkir curly horse trotting in the grass

When most people think of a horse, they think of long, flowy manes. The Bashkir Curly horse fights against this depiction of a horse. With thick curly hair, Bashkir Curlies certainly stand out from other horses. They are also hypoallergenic and easy to train, making them unique in more than just their hair.

Still, there is more to the picture than just that. Keep reading to find out more about Bashkir Curly horses. You may be shocked to find out that they are more like regular horses then you might initially shoe divider new

Quick Facts about Bashkir Curly Horse

Species Name: Equus ferus caballus
Family: Equidae
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Friendly, gentle, easy to train
Color Form: Variety
Lifespan: 25 years
Size: 13.3-16 hands; 800-1,200 lbs.
Diet: Hay, forage, water
Minimum Stall Size: 12 x 12 ft with pasture
Stall Set Up: Wooden stall with floor mats and food and water
Compatibility: Compatible with most horses and pets

Bashkir Curly Horse Overview

Bashkir Curly horses come in many sizes, colors, and body structures. Despite their many differences, they all have one similarity. They have a uniquely curly coat due to a single gene.

Their curly hair can most easily be seen from their winter coat. The horses can demonstrate different levels of curliness. Minimal expression includes curly hair inside the ears or a kinky mane and tail. Horses can also maximally express the gene, which is when there are curls all over the body with a dreadlocked mane.

Interestingly, not all curlies have curly hair, as you would expect from the breed. The trait is heterozygous, meaning that some curlies have straight hair.

Unlike other horse breeds whose lineage can be tracked rather easily, Bashkir Curly horses are a bit of an anomaly. It is unclear exactly where their curly hair came from or their descendants. There are theories, of course, but they are nothing more than hypotheses.

As for maintenance, Bashkir Curly hair horses are no more difficult to maintain than other horses. You will need to trim the mane to prevent it from getting matted. One thing that is fascinating about this breed is that it is one of the only horse breeds that are hypoallergenic.

All around, the Bashkir Curly horse is an incredibly adorable and stunning horse that is hotly debated. With a number of unique characteristics only known to this horse breed, it makes sense that many people are interested in owning their own.

How Much Do Bashkir Curly Horses Cost?

Given the rarity and unique characteristics that come with Bashkir Curly horses, they are pretty expensive. From our own searches online, most Bashkir horses range between $2,500 and $5,000. There were a couple of options under $2,500, but those were typically aged horses looking for new locations to call home.

Some curlies are even more expensive than $5,000. On certain sites, we found foals as expensive as $18,000. Once again, this high price is due to the rarity and unique characteristics of this breed.hoof print divider

Typical Behavior & Temperament

On top of the unique look and hypoallergenic nature of these horses, they are also known as being really calm and friendly. At the same time, they are very intelligent, making for a great family or friend horse.

Many people recommend this horse for family purposes. They can easily be trained and don’t get spooked often. Between its gentle nature and hypoallergenic coat, children will really love to be around this horse.

Bashkir Curly
Image Credit: Gigi123, Pixabay

Appearance & Varieties

Obviously, Bashkir Curly horses are known because of their curly hair. There are three different curl levels that a Bashkir Curly can have: minimal, maximal, and extreme. Let’s take a look at all three varieties.


The minimal curly coat means that the mane will be curly, so will the tail and inner ear. The rest of their body will likely be smooth, especially during this summer. Horses with minimal coats will likely be most recognizable as Curly during the winter months.


Whereas minimal coats only have curls along the mane, tail, and ears, maximal coats are curly all over. This means that the body of the horse will look curly as well. During the summer, their body will likely look wavier than curly.


Extreme coats are the curliest, as you would probably suspect from the name. These curls will be incredibly tight all over. Horses with extreme coats will be the most easily identified as Bashkir Curlies.


Aside from the curly hair that they have, Bashkir Curlies have a lot of varieties. Most notably, they can come in all colors, including standard bay, black, and gray. They can also have a variety of markings, such as Pinto patterns and diluted grulla colors. All around, it’s hard to find two Bashkir Curly horses that look the same.


Because their hair is super loud, they don’t need to be large to make a scene. That might be why these horses are only medium sized. They are between 13.3 and 16 hands on average.divider-horse

How to Take Care of Bashkir Curly Horses

Bashkir Curly horses require much of the same care as other breeds. One thing that does make them different, however, is that they can handle much colder temperatures than other varieties.

Habitat, Stall Conditions & Setup


Most horses feel comfortable between 18 degrees Fahrenheit and 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Because of the coat on Bashkir Curlies, they can handle cooler temperatures and harsher winters. Conversely, they are not as comfortable in hotter weather.

Because of this fact, you need to provide your Bashkir Curly with a habitat that they will feel comfortable in. This includes some sort of stall that they can go to whenever they get too cold or too hot.


The stall will almost be like your Bashkir Curly horse’s bedroom. It will give them shade in the summer, shelter during storms, and some warmth during the winter. Given that Bashkir Curlies are more comfortable in the winter, it is important that the stalls have proper airflow and ventilation during the summer.

As a medium sized horse, a 12 by 12 square foot stall will be adequate. Feel free to make this stall bigger so that your horse has more room to move around. Make sure to put hay and water within the stall at all times.

As you would with any other horses stall, make sure the stall floor is covered so as to provide more cushioning. Stall mats are the best option, but you can also select straw, hay, or pine bedding.


In addition to a stall, your Bashkir Curly horse needs access to pastureland. Horses have evolved to stand up and move nearly all day. Whenever they’re cooped up in a stall, they don’t get the adequate exercise they need. Make sure they have room to run around and play outdoors when the weather allows.

Do Bashkir Curly Horses Get Along with Other Pets?

Horses are naturally herd animals. As a result, it is recommended to get your Bashkir Curly horse another horse friend. However, not all horses are known to get along. Make sure that the horses can be friends before moving them together permanently.

When it comes to other animals, Bashkir Curlies tend to get along with them relatively well. Since they aren’t easily spooked and are pretty gentle, they typically don’t have issues with other pets.divider-multipet

What to Feed Your Bashkir Curly Horse

A Bashkir Curly horse does not need a special diet. Instead, you need to feed them what you would feed any other horse.

Most importantly, all horses need access to clean water. They will typically drink between 10 and 12 gallons of water every single day or more on hot or active days. Make sure the water is clean and doesn’t freeze during the winter.

You need to feed your Bashkir Curly horse top quality hay. Timothy hay and grass hay tend to be the favorites for most Curly horses. It’s a good idea to separate the feedings to three or four times a day.

In addition to hay, your horse needs to have access to pasture so that they can graze on grass. Make sure that the plants in the pasture are safe for your horse to consume and not poisonous.

You also need to feed your Bashkir Curly horse grains. This will ensure that your horse gets all of the nutrients it needs. Barley is a really great option for a healthy grain. Finally, give your Curly loose minerals and white salt blocks for additional sustenance.

grullo bashkir horse
Image Credit: Olga_i, Shutterstock

Keeping Your Bashkir Curly Horse Healthy

In many ways, how you keep your Bashkir Curly horse healthy is the same way you would keep any other horse breed healthy. Still, this breed requires extra care because of their unique hair. Let’s start with the basics of horse care.

Importantly, make sure you give your Bashkir Curly horse the proper sustenance and water they need. Additionally, give them vaccines, deworming medication, and any other medical attention they may need. It’s best to see a vet once a year.

Additionally, all horses need their teeth and hooves to be looked after. Talk to your vet to find out how often you should file your horse’s teeth down. Similarly, hooves need a lot of care since horses stand on them all day. Never neglect your horse’s hooves and legs.

As with all animals, make sure that your horse is not overweight and gets proper exercise. This involves giving your horse adequate time outside so that they can stretch their legs and run as they want.

You will need to take special care of their coat. Most importantly, you should groom their coat regularly with a paddle brush and a brush with medium stiffness. This will help to prevent the fur from getting too matted.

You can use a curry comb and shedding blade during the shedding season. On the other hand, braid your horse’s hair when it is thick to help it stay clean.


As a breed, you would think that this horse is easy to breed. Unfortunately, that is not the case. You cannot know if an offspring will demonstrate the curly hair of its parent or parents.

In fact, there is only about a 50% chance that a Bashkir Curly will transmit this curly trait to the offspring. This is even true if both parents demonstrate a curly coat. As a result, they aren’t the most reliable of horses to breed for the curly trait.


Are Bashkir Curly Horses Suitable for You?

Bashkir Curly horses are one of the most sought-after breeds because of their unique coat and gentle temperaments. If you have the resources, land, and patience to take care of two or more Bashkir Curly horses, then this breed is suitable for you.

If you do not think you can meet all three of these requirements, then you should not only forgo a Bashkir Curly horse, but horses in general. All horses will require resources, land, and patience for two or more horses. Only get a horse if you know you can provide these things!

Featured image credit: Olga_i, Shutterstock

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