Female dogs typically go through a heat cycle twice a year, during which time they can mate and conceive babies. The first part of the heat cycle is referred to as the proestrus stage, while the second part of the cycle is referred to as the estrus stage. Both stages trigger different physical and behavioral changes that can help owners decipher just where their dogs are in their cycles. We have put together this comprehensive guide to help you understand the changes during both proestrus and estrus that your dog may display. Here is what you need to know.
The Proestrus Stage
This is the stage when a female dog is preparing to mate. They are not yet fertile and are not quite receptive to mating yet, but their hormones are starting to change and prepare the body for conception. Here are a few of the behavioral and physical changes that your dog may display during the proestrus stage:
The Estrous Stage
The estrous stage happens when a female dog is ready for mating and conception. Behavior tends to change at this point for most dogs. No longer will your dog be nervous, and she will not continue trying to hump other animals, people, and things like she did during the proestrus stage. Here are the behaviors that you can expect from your dog during the estrous stage:
Now that you know what kinds of behaviors to expect from your dog during the proestrus and estrous stages of her heat cycle, you can keep an eye out for the behaviors to determine whether she is in her cycle at any given time. Signs of these behaviors can help you avoid an unwanted pregnancy during all heat cycles and plan a wanted mating session when the time comes.
- See also: Pre-Breeding Tests to Get For Your Dog
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