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Can Chickens Eat Carrots? What You Need to Know

Nicole Cosgrove

May 21, 2021

Chickens are omnivorous creatures with wide and varied appetites. Similar to dogs and people, chickens can eat a diverse selection of foods that includes fruits, vegetables, grains, proteins, and seafood. In fact, many backyard chickens eat a diet that consists of quite a bit of table scraps.

But that doesn’t mean that every fruit, veggie, or protein is safe for chickens to consume. If you’re raising chickens of your own, then you know how important it is to avoid feeding your chickens unhealthy or potentially toxic foods. Some seemingly innocuous foods, such as potatoes, could pose hidden threats to your chickens. Carrots, on the other hand, are a perfectly safe and potentially beneficial food for chickens to eat. Moreover, your chickens will love to eat carrots as a treat; occasionally or on a regular basis.

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What’s In a Carrot?

carrots_File Upload Bot_Wikimedia
Image Credit: File Upload Bot, Wikimedia

Before we start talking about the potential benefits and risks of feeding carrots to your chickens, let’s talk about what carrots contain. A carrot is a vegetable that’s packed with quite a few nutrients.

Here’s what the nutrition information looks like for 100 grams of raw carrots:

Raw Carrots 100 grams
Calories 41 kcal
Water 86%
Carbs 9.6 grams
Proteins 0.9 grams
Sugar 4.9 grams
Fiber 2.8 grams
Fat 0.2 grams

As you can see, carrots are a relatively low-calorie snack that’s low in fat but contains a moderate amount of fiber. There’s a bit of protein in there as well, albeit, not a very large dose. Of course, this is just looking at the nutrition facts. What about the vitamins and minerals inside of a carrot?

Carrots contain quite a few important nutrients. In a carrot, you’ll find:

  • Vitamin B6 – Helps convert food into usable energy so your birds can stay active all day.
  • Vitamin K1 – Known more commonly as phylloquinone, vitamin K1 is essential for bone health and also plays a vital role in blood coagulation.
  • Vitamin A – Carrots are packed with beta carotene, which gets converted into vitamin A in your chickens’ bodies.
  • Biotin – An essential vitamin for protein and fat metabolism.
  • Potassium – A vital mineral that helps keep blood pressure regulated.
  • Glutathione – An important antioxidant that aids in liver health.

Benefits of Feeding Carrots To Your Chickens

chickens in grass_Piqsels
Image Credit: Piqsels

Now that we know what nutrients make up a carrot, let’s discuss the potential benefits that these can provide for a chicken.

Fiber is essential for chickens, and carrots contain a decent amount; particularly a soluble fiber known as pectin. This can help to lower blood sugar levels by slowing the body’s absorption of sugars and starches. Furthermore, this soluble fiber maintains gut health by feeding beneficial gut bacteria. Overall, this leads to improved digestion, superior health, and a lower risk for many different diseases.

Carrots also contain insoluble fiber, including cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Insoluble fibers can’t be digested, and they play an entirely different role in health. These can make your chickens’ bowel movements more regular, reducing constipation and ensuring your chickens have healthy guts and digestive tracts.

The many vitamins and minerals in carrots are also beneficial for chickens. Once converted into vitamin A, the beta carotene in carrots can improve your chickens’ vision, ensure great growth rates are maintained, and even improve their immune systems. Additionally, vitamin A aids in bone cell metabolism. This improves the strength of your chickens’ bones.

You’ll also find high amounts of glutathione in carrots. Essential for liver health, glutathione helps to repair damage caused to the liver by oxidative stress. Beta carotene and plant flavonoids, both of which carrots contain substantial amounts of, are also beneficial for healthy liver function.

How to Feed Carrots to Chickens

Carrots_jackmac34, pixabay
Image Credit: jackmac34, Pixabay

For chickens, carrots are a sweet and delicious treat. They’re also not very picky eaters in the first place, so they’re not going to complain, no matter how you offer carrots to them! But seriously, you can serve carrots to your chickens in any way you’d like. They are safe for chickens when they’re completely raw or cooked.

That said, cooking carrots does kill some of their nutrients, so giving cooked carrots to your chickens might not provide as many of the beneficial nutrients that they’d get from eating carrots raw. But if you offer raw carrots to your chickens, make sure you wash them well. Carrots are often covered in chemicals and dirt when you get them, and you don’t want your chickens to eat pesticides and other harmful chemicals when you’re trying to give them a healthy treat.

With many animals, carrots can pose a choking hazard because they’re hard. However, chickens are not other animals, and they have strong beaks that can make easy work of a carrot. As such, it’s best if you offer carrots to your chickens whole, rather than chopping them into smaller pieces. Plus, if you give them whole carrots, they’ll have to work harder to eat them, keeping your chickens active longer.

Can Carrots Pose a Risk for Your Chickens?

Carrots have no known health risks for your chickens. However, they could become overly fond of carrots, which might prevent your chickens from eating their regular feed. For this reason, it’s recommended that you only offer carrots to your chickens as treats, rather than as a staple in their diet.

carrots green_mrninko_Pixabay
Image Credit: mrninko, Pixabay

Are Carrot Greens Safe for Chickens?

Some plants are dangerous for chickens to eat, though their fruits are completely safe. Luckily, carrots aren’t one of these plants. Those dangling greens at the top of your carrots are nutritious and tasty to your chickens, and they’re perfectly safe for them to eat.

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So, Can Chickens Eat Carrots?

The short answer is, absolutely! Carrots are not only a tasty treat for chickens, but they’re also healthy and can provide some nutritious benefits for chickens. This snack is low in fat and contains a decent amount of fiber. Plus, carrots are packed with vital nutrients like beta carotene, potassium, and glutathione.

Even though there aren’t any health risks associated with feeding carrots to chickens, it’s still suggested that you use carrots as a treat, rather than a staple in their diet. Carrots are so tasty to your chickens that they might stop eating their other feed and opt to just feed on carrots!


Featured Image Credit: tommileew, Pixabay

Nicole Cosgrove

Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts' knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.

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