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Can Hamsters Eat Cabbage? What You Need to Know!

Nicole Cosgrove

May 24, 2021

Hammies are incredibly delicate creatures. As such, it is important to question whether a certain food is good for them before providing it.

When it comes to cabbages, they are not inherently bad for hamsters. In fact, they love eating them. While hamsters are omnivorous, meaning that they can derive nutrition from both plant and animal sources, they mostly eat grains and veggies in the wild.

Therefore, their tummies can handle some cabbage in their diet. However, too much cabbage can be detrimental to them. Here is everything you need to know about hamsters and cabbage.

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Should Hamsters Eat Cabbage?

There is a fine difference between can and should. Can means that the hamster is capable of consuming cabbage without any harm coming to them. Should, on the other hand, questions whether doing that would be a good idea. For example, you can eat a Big Mac at night, but should you?

Cabbage is great for these rodents but in small amounts. This is because it is packed with wonderful nutrients such as vitamins C, K, calcium, among a host of others.

However, their little stomachs cannot handle too much of this vegetable.

hamster in a box
Image Credit: Chen ZhaoFollow, Flickr

Possible Dangers of Feeding Cabbage to Hamsters

While cabbage is beneficial to hamsters, feeding it to them in excess or regularly is not a good idea for several reasons.

Cabbage contains high levels of calcium. While calcium is vital for bone health, hamsters are not able to process high amounts of this mineral properly, leading to health complications such as kidney stones.

Cabbage also has a high fiber content. Too much fiber in a hamster’s diet can lead to digestive issues, manifesting themselves in symptoms such as stomach aches, bloating, and diarrhea. Moreover, cabbage is a diuretic, meaning that it stimulates the hamster’s body to lose water, thus risking dehydration.

You also run the risk of buying cabbage that is not grown organically. Such cabbages typically have all kinds of chemicals, sprays, and artificial ingredients used on them to encourage growth. As you can imagine, your little one’s immune system is not equipped to handle such toxic substances. Therefore, make sure that all fruits and vegetables you feed your pet are organic.

What is the Appropriate Amount of Cabbage to Feed a Hamster?

When introducing new food to a hamster, you must be extremely cautious, as their digestive systems are ultra-sensitive. The rule of thumb is to start with tiny pieces. In the case of cabbage, cut a small leaf in half and feed it to the animal, and then wait for 24 hours to see whether they will have any adverse reaction to the vegetable.

If all is good, you can increase the size to a full small leaf. However, you must cut it up to prevent the risk of choking. You can experiment with various ways of feeding cabbage to the rodent. For example, you could put the leaf in a grinder so you can get tiny pieces, you can make cabbage juice, or even mix it with other appropriate fruits and vegetables to make a salad.

Do not offer cabbage to a hamster more than three times in a single week.

hamster eating lettuce
Image Credit: VH-studio, Shutterstock

Benefits of Cabbage for Hamsters

In appropriate amounts, cabbage is remarkably beneficial to these animals. Just by eating it raw, hamsters get to take care of their dental health. Additionally, calcium in cabbage promotes better bone and teeth health.

As mentioned, cabbage is also rich in dietary fiber. This is useful in the digestive system, as it promotes healthy bowel movements, thus preventing issues such as constipation and diarrhea.

This vegetable also contains decent levels of phosphorus and potassium. Phosphorus is a vital nutrient that promotes energy storage, in addition to helping in the repair and maintenance of cells and tissues in the body.

However, the main benefits of cabbage for hamsters come from its high levels of vitamins C and K.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K plays a host of crucial roles in a hamster’s body. It enhances reproductive health, is responsible for bone metabolism, regulates levels of blood calcium, and prevents excessive bleeding in case of an injury by promoting the blood clotting process.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C, on the other hand, is arguably one of the most important vitamins we have. While it is known for roles such as maintaining bone and teeth health, promoting the formation of cartilage and collagen, and keeping scurvy at bay, its most important role is boosting the immune system.

Vitamin C acts as an antioxidant. Antioxidants are compounds that prevent cell damage by neutralizing free radicals. Free radicals, on the other hand, are highly unstable compounds that steal electrons from the cells in the body to attain stability. When that happens, they change the cell structure, thus causing mutations such as cancers. They also contribute to faster aging, heart disease, and arthritis.

Unfortunately, free radicals are everywhere, thanks to pollution. Therefore, to keep their detrimental effects at bay, ensure that your furry friend gets a healthy dose of vitamin C from their diet.

Cabbage
Image Credit: auntmasako, Pixabay

Alternatives to Cabbage

If you are only feeding cabbage to your hamster because of its nutritional value, consider going for commercial high-quality hamster food instead. This is because it contains all the necessary nutrients in the correct proportions, meaning that it poses zero risk to your pet.

Nonetheless, you can never be sure that the product you are going for is truly of high quality, even if it is advertised as so. Therefore, do your homework before you buy a particular food by checking reviews.

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Conclusion

So, can hamsters have cabbage? Yes, your furball can have cabbage, but in small quantities. As such, there is no need to panic if you fed cabbage to your hamster without checking first whether it is okay to do so. While cabbage is not toxic to hamsters, eating too much of it can result in a host of gastrointestinal issues because their stomachs are sensitive.

Therefore, consider feeding cabbage to your hamster as a treat instead of an actual meal.

If you’re looking for other foods to add into your hamsters diet, check out some of our other food guides below:


Featured Image Credit: Eric Prouzet, Unsplash

Nicole Cosgrove

Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts' knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.