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15 Common Horse Markings: An Overview (With Pictures)

Nicole Cosgrove

May 25, 2021

Most people familiar with horses can look at a herd and tell the difference between a buckskin and cream and a palomino and a bay. It’s not terribly difficult to identify the coat color of a horse. But after spending some time around a large herd, you’ll see that not all buckskins are the same because it’s a rarity for two horses to look exactly alike.

Horse markings are what distinguishes horses from one another and there are many kinds of markings. Horse markings are easy-to-see areas of white on the animals’ coat. Almost every horse has markings and it’s the markings that help people identify individual horses.

If a horse is born with markings, the markings don’t change as the animal grows older. As a horse develops and grows, and when it is shedding its coat in the fall, a marking may seem to be changing in shape and/or size. However, this is just a result of the horse’s coat length changing because the underlying markings always stay the same.

There are several types of horse markings including those found on the face (facial markings) and those found on the legs (leg markings) both of which are white. There are also non-white markings on horses. Here’s an overview of horse markings to give you a better understanding of how to tell horses apart.

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Facial Markings

Facial markings are white areas on a horse’s face. A horse can have one facial marking or several. If a horse has several, the marking is named separately. Common facial markings include:

1. Star

noriker horse_hosphotos, Shutterstock
Image Credit: hosphotos, Shutterstock

A star is a white marking located on the forehead between or above the eyes. These markings can be of various sizes and they don’t always look exactly like stars. Stars can be irregularly shaped, round, or in the shape of a heart, a crescent, or a half-moon.


2. Snip

Haflinger horse walking
Image Credit: Thomas G., Pixabay

A snip is another white marking that varies in size and shape. This marking is located on the lower part of the nose.


3. Strip

gelding-horse_vprotastchik_shutterstock
Credit: vprotastchik, Shutterstock

This marking is a strip of white running vertically down the center of a horse’s face. Strips are not always straight nor do they always run the entire length of a horse’s face. A “race” is a term used for a strip that is not straight.


4. Blaze

American Quarter horse_jacotakepics, Shutterstock
Image Credit: jacotakepics, Shutterstock

A blaze is a wide, prominent vertical line that runs down a horse’s face. A blaze can stop partway down the forehead or go all the way to the muzzle.


5. Bald

Shire Horse_Alexas_Fotos, Pixabay
Image Credit: Alexas_Fotos, Pixabay

This horse marking is a white area that’s broader than a blaze and one that takes up the majority of the horse’s face. Most bald-faced horses have blue eyes. This marking is common among paint horses.

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Leg Markings

Many horses have white areas on their legs that people use to identify the individual animals. The most common leg markings include:

6. Stocking

Clydesdale horse_ OlesyaNickolaeva, Shutterstock
Image Credit: OlesyaNickolaeva, Shutterstock

A white leg marking that reaches from the edge of the hoof to the knee or hock, and sometimes higher.


7. Half Stocking

painted palomino horse
Image Credit: Olga_i, Shutterstock

A marking that reaches from the hoof’s edge halfway up the middle of the leg.


8. Pastern

Palomino horse_mrklean, Pixabay
Image Credit: mrklean, Pixabay

A marking that reaches from hoof’s top to just below the animal’s ankle joint.


9. Coronet

rain scald on horse
Image Credit: Dima Oana Gabriela, Shutterstock

A leg marking located at the hoof top around the coronary band. This marking is typically no more than an inch above the hoof.


10. Sock

gray gelding horse_Pixabay
Image Credit: Pixabay

A marking that reaches from the edge of the hoof halfway up the pastern.

horse shoe divider new

Non-White Markings

As the name suggests, non-white markings are areas on a horse that are not white. The most common types of non-white markings include:

11. Bend-Or Spots

Przewalski's horse_Yerbolat Shadrakhov, Shutterstock
Image Credit: Yerbolat Shadrakhov, Shutterstock

These markings are sometimes referred to as smuts or grease spots. Bend-or spots are dark spots found randomly on a horse’s coat. This type of marking was named after a thoroughbred stallion called Bend Or. These markings are typically found on palomino and chestnut horses.


12. Dorsal Stripe

horse lunge training_Pixabay
Image Credit: Pixabay

A dorsal stripe or an eel stripe as it’s also called is a horse marking located on the back of the animal. It’s a darker strip of hair that runs the length of the back from the mane to the tail. These markings are common on mustangs.


13. Ermine Marks

Haflinger horse_Thomas G., Pixabay
Image Credit: Thomas G., Pixabay

This type of marking is a black area on a white marking. It’s often located on leg markings just above the hoof. Some horses with ermine markings even have striped hooves.


14. Shield

pinto horse_Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH, Shutterstock

A marking on a pinto horse consisting of a large dark patch covering the chest, surrounded by white. This marking is usually found on horses that are mostly white.


15. Medicine Hat

A dark pinto marking covering the ears and the top of the head. Medicine hat pintos are steeped in Native American legend. These horses are rare and are believed to have a magical ability to protect the rider from injury or death in battle.

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Other Horse Markings

Some horses have isolated spots on their bodies that are not large or prevalent enough to consider them as breeds like appaloosas, pintos, or paints. These isolated markings or “body spots” as they’re also called are caused by something called sabino genetics.

Horse Markings are Genetic

horse mane_Pixabay
Image Credit: Pixabay

A horse’s genes determine whether it will have white markings. While genetics do determine whether or not markings will be present, it’s not fully understood what factors influence their exact shape and placement.

Patterns on Horses are Not Markings

Some horses have unique patterns on their bodies that are colored differently from their coats. These patterns are not classified as horse markings. For example, a horse with a brindle pattern (faint vertical striping) that’s a slightly diluted shade from the animal’s base coat color is simply called a “brindle”.

There is some disagreement among horse people on what certain horse markings should be called. While the above information can be considered reliable, it’s advisable to consult with the registering organization for their definition of horse markings if you’re registering a horse.


Featured Image Credit: PJ-photography, Shutterstock

Nicole Cosgrove

Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts' knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.