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Cost to Spay or Neuter a Dog in Canada (2022 Guide)

neutering dog


One of the most important veterinary costs to consider for your dog is the cost of spaying or neutering them. Budgeting for this procedure can help you avoid unexpected costs and maintain the best possible care for your pet. The cost of spaying or neutering a dog in Canada is expected to rise in 2022. Rising costs are due to an increased demand for these services combined with a limited number of veterinarians available to perform them.

Let’s take a look at how much spay or neuter surgery costs in Canada and the importance of having the procedure done.


The Importance of Spaying or Neutering a Dog

Spaying or neutering a dog has many benefits. It can help reduce the number of unwanted puppies, as well as the number of dogs that end up in shelters. Spaying or neutering a dog can also help reduce aggression. In addition, it can help prevent certain types of reproductive cancers.

How Much Does Spaying or Neutering a Dog Cost?

spaying stitches of a dog
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The cost of spaying or neutering a dog varies depending on the vet and the region where you live. In general, the cost ranges from $100 to $400. This is relatively low considering all the benefits of spaying or neutering a dog.

Generally speaking, spaying a female dog will cost more than neutering a male dog. The procedure is generally more complex and takes longer to perform. The age and size of the dog also play a role in the cost of the procedure. Generally, older and larger dogs will cost more to spay or neuter than younger and smaller dogs.

Finally, your location can also affect the cost. Veterinary clinics in big cities will generally charge more for spaying or neutering a dog than those in smaller towns or rural areas.

Standard Costs of Spaying or Neutering by Province

The cost of spaying or neutering a dog in Canada varies by province. Here is the average price of surgery in each.

Alberta: $120
British Columbia: $140
Saskatchewan: $300
Manitoba: $100
Ontario: $170
Quebec: $200
Maritime Provinces: $400
Territories: $250

These prices are for standard procedures. If your dog requires any additional treatment, such as anaesthetic, the price will be higher. It is always best to check with your veterinarian to get an accurate estimate of the cost of spaying or neutering your dog.

Additional Costs to Anticipate

dog at vet for spaying procedure
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Besides the cost of spaying or neutering your dog, there are a few other expenses that you may need to anticipate. First, you will likely need to pay for a pre-surgery examination by your veterinarian. This exam is important to make sure your dog is healthy enough for surgery. Depending on your dog’s health, you may also need to pay for blood tests or X-rays.

Second, you will need to pay for pain medication for your dog after the surgery. This is important to help your dog recover comfortably. You may also need to purchase an e-collar (cone) to prevent your dog from licking or scratching the incision site.

Finally, you should expect to pay a higher vet bill in the months following the surgery, as your dog will need to return for follow-up appointments. Overall, you should anticipate spending around $500–$1,000 on spaying or neutering your dog in Canada.


When Should I Spay or Neuter My Dog?

Spaying or neutering your dog has many benefits. It can help reduce the risk of certain health problems, make your dog less likely to roam and get lost, and reduce the number of unwanted puppies.

The best time to spay or neuter your dog is before they reach sexual maturity. This typically occurs between 4 and 6 months of age. Spaying or neutering your dog at this age can help prevent them from developing certain health problems later in life.

You don’t have to wait until your dog is 6 months old to spay or neuter them, though. In fact, many veterinarians recommend spaying or neutering dogs before they reach 4 months of age. This will help prevent accidental litters from occurring prior to surgery.

Does Pet Insurance Cover Spay or Neuter Surgery?

No, pet insurance does not typically cover spay or neuter surgery. Spaying or neutering a dog is considered a preventative measure, and most pet insurance policies do not cover preventative care. There are a few exceptions, however. For example, if a dog needs to be spayed or neutered in order to treat a medical condition, the surgery may be covered by pet insurance.

How to Care for Your Dog After Spay or Neuter Surgery

Dog Spaying
Image Credit: Kyla Metzker, Shutterstock

There are a few things that you need to do to take care of your dog after their spay or neuter surgery. First, keeping your dog calm and quiet for the first few days is important. This means no running, jumping, or playing. You should also keep your dog from licking or biting the incision site.

Second, you will need to give your dog pain medication as prescribed by your veterinarian. It is important to follow the directions on the bottle and only give your dog the recommended amount.

Third, keep an eye on the incision site and ensure that it is healing properly. The site should be clean and dry. Contact your veterinarian immediately if you notice any redness, swelling, or discharge.

Fourth, you should keep your dog from getting too hot or too cold. This means avoiding extreme temperatures and keeping your dog indoors during extreme weather conditions.

Following these tips will ensure that your dog has a successful recovery from their spay or neuter surgery.

divider-dog paw


The cost of spaying or neutering a dog in Canada can vary depending on the vet and the region, but it is typically between $100 and $400. This cost may seem high, but it is worth it to help reduce the number of homeless animals. Many organizations offer low-cost or free spay/neuter clinics, so be sure to check them out if you are considering this option for your pet.

Featured Image Credit: Simon Kadula, Shutterstock

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