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Considerations for a Responsible Dog Breeder

Ed Malaker

June 15, 2021

Whether you are considering becoming a dog breeder or are choosing a dog breeder to create your next dog, it can be helpful to know what considerations determine who is a responsible dog breeder and how you can spot a puppy mill. We’ve created a guide to show you how you can sort through several breeders to find the ones you should purchase from or try to emulate with your business plan. Keep reading while we look at experience, tradition, parent clubs, healthy habits, and more to help you make an educated decision.divider-dog

Memberships

One of the first things you can do to get a good sense of how good a breeder is is to see what organizations they are members. Many breeders who specialize in certain breeds will join the breeds parent club. The American Kennel Club recognizes these clubs as official organizations that work on the breed standard. To join these clubs, members must sign a code of ethics that requires mandated health testing.

You might find that your breeder is a member of other clubs as well. The more clubs your breeder is part of, the more knowledge they will have, and the more likely they care about their craft.

king charles cavalier spaniel mom nursing puppies
Image credit: Colin Temple, Shutterstock

Experience

Another good thing to consider when looking for a responsible dog breeder is experience. People often inflate their experience, and it can be difficult to determine. However, breeders with more experience tend to have more information about them published online. Many previous buyers will post reviews, and there will be a record of achievements. A breeder that claims 20 years in the business, but the is no record of them online is a red flag.

Most high-quality breeders will have long waiting lists of people waiting for dogs because the breeder is respected and produces results. If the breeder is new, look for a mentorship program that will help vouch for the skill and training of the new breeder. If you ask questions, your breeder should be knowledgeable but not try to pretend to know every answer. There are some things even experts will need to look up or think about, so be wary of the all-knowing breeder.

Standards

Every breed that the American Kennel Club recognizes has a standard that any respected breeder will follow closely. Kennel clubs carefully create these standards, so the dog will be healthy, allowing the breed to carry on. Any deviation from these guidelines can result in defects being introduced that can produce unexpected results. You should avoid using a breeder that is selling dogs that do not conform to the standard.

You need to be especially careful when buying the increasingly popular teacup breeds that often don’t conform to standards and leave the dog to a wide range of health problems. Another popular deviation is unique colors, and while many people don’t think an off-color is a health risk, some genes can control color and other health issues.

Litter-of-Small-Breed-Newborn-Puppies-Nursing-on-Their-Mom_anna-hoychuk_shutterstock
Image credit: Anna Hoychuk, Shutterstock

Testing

A good breeder will frequently test its stock through genetic tests, x-rays, and other means frequently to make sure no mutations sneak in that can lower the quality of the breed. A good breeder will also use these techniques to improve the breed. You can check with certain organizations, like the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, which can tell you about the tests that a breeder in question has performed on any dogs.

Check The Environment

Most good breeders would allow you to see the area where they keep the dogs so you can see that they live in good conditions. However, since Covid, these tours are not so common. You will need to look closely at zoom videos ad images of the dog to see how they live. Try to avoid breeders that use cramped and dirty quarters that could be hazardous to the dog’s health. Your breeder should be willing to provide you with pictures of the parents as well.

sled dog with puppies

Assess the Breeder

Good breeders tend to be extremely protective of their dogs and are concerned about who’s buying them. Most will want to run a background check on you and will have dozens of questions you need to answer before they will sell you the dog.  Any breeder that is only concerned with the cost is a red flag that you should avoid.

Contracts

Most reputable breeders will ask you to sign contracts that legally bind you to follow certain rules and often have a return to breeder clause that will require you to return the dog if there is a problem or why you cannot fulfill the contract. If your breeder does not have a contract, it should be a red flag to you, suggesting you should consider looking for another breeder.

Gut Feeling

Your gut feeling can be a strong indicator that something might not be right with your breeder. You will likely have multiple conversations with your breeder, and if you don’t feel like the breeder is a friend, we recommend moving on. You may have questions or problems as your dog ages that your breeder may need to help you solve. If you don’t feel like you can ask these questions, you should move on to someone else. In most cases, your gut feeling is correct.divider-paw

Summary

We hope you have enjoyed reading, and this short guide has given you some helpful advice and information that you can use to purchase a healthy dog. Good breeders usually have a long waiting list and plenty of activity on their website. You should see lots of positive reviews and pictures of healthy dogs. If a dog breeder you are considering doesn’t have a waiting list or even a website, it doesn’t automatically rule them out, but it does send up some red flags, and you’ll need to do more research. If we have helped you understand your dog breeder a little better, please share these considerations for a responsible dog breeder on Facebook and Twitter.

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Featured Image Credit: stockphoto mania, Shutterstock

Ed Malaker

Ed Malaker is a veteran writer who has contributed to a wide range of blogs that cover tools, pets, guitars, fitness, and computer programming. When he’s not writing, Ed is usually performing DIY projects around the house or working in the garden. He’s also a musician and spends a lot of time helping people fix their guitars and composing music for independent films.

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