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Home > Dogs > Dog Breeds > White Australian Shepherd: Facts, Origin, Pictures & History

White Australian Shepherd: Facts, Origin, Pictures & History

white australian shepherd puppy on the grass

In many active, dog-loving families around the world, you’ll find an Australian Shepherd. These energetic dogs have a true zest for life and bring a real sense of fun to their families. White Australian Shepherds have been the subject of intrigue due to their purely white coats, which come about when a dog inherits double M (MM) genes from their parents.

Breed Overview


18 – 23 inches


35 – 70 pounds


13 – 15 years


Black, red, merle, red merle, blue merle, tricolor

Suitable for

Homes with yards, families with and without kids


Friendly, loyal, affectionate, playful, intelligent, trainable

Appearances aside, white Australian Shepherds are no different from their more colorful brothers and sisters and all Australian Shepherds have a story to tell. In this post, we’ll explore the history of white Australian Shepherds and why they’re such popular family dogs today.

Australian Shepherds Characteristics

High-energy dogs will need a lot of mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy, while low-energy dogs require minimal physical activity. It’s important when choosing a dog to make sure their energy levels match your lifestyle or vice versa.
Easy-to-train dogs are more skilled at learning prompts and actions quickly with minimal training. Dogs that are harder to train will require a bit more patience and practice.
Some dog breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every dog will have these issues, but they have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Some breeds, due to their size or their breeds potential genetic health issues, have shorter lifespans than others. Proper exercise, nutrition, and hygiene also play an important role in the lifespan of your pet.
Some dog breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other dogs. More social dogs have a tendency to run up to strangers for pets and scratches, while less social dogs shy away and are more cautious, even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed, it’s important to socialize your dog and expose them to lots of different situations.


The Earliest Records of White Australian Shepherds in History

Australian Shepherds, in spite of what their name suggests, were bred and developed in the U.S.—in the west of the country to be precise (Idaho, Colorado, Wyoming, California, etc.)—in the late 19th century. They were bred from European herding dogs, dogs that started to arrive in America with Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century.

Among these herding dogs was the Carea Leonés from León, which is probably an ancestor of the Australian Shepherd. It is thought that the Carea Leonés is a likely ancestor due to the fact that these dogs share many similar traits with the Australian Shepherd—a medium-length merle coat and (sometimes) blue eyes.

In the 19th century, the California Gold Rush meant that more sheep needed to be imported to the U.S. and, as a result, more herding dogs were required.

white australian shepherd lying in the grass
Image Credit: Alessandra Sawickc, Shutterstock

Among the dogs sent to tend the new influx of sheep were English Shepherds with Collie ancestry and which were typically merle and so-called “Australian Shepherds” —also likely derived from British dogs— that had accompanied the sheep imported from Australia. This is where the breed’s name comes from.

The Cell Reports Study conducted in 2017 concluded that Australian Shepherds are derived from British herding dogs, but it’s also clear that the Australian Shepherd is a real mashup of cultures all in one high-energy, beautifully-colored bundle. It is this cultural mixed bag that makes the breed so “American”.

How White Australian Shepherds Gained Popularity

Having proved themselves capable working dogs, Australian Shepherds started out as invaluable farm and ranch dogs. They later grew in popularity as a result of appearing in Rodeos. There, they made themselves useful by herding bulls but also entertained the crowd with tricks, which brought them to the attention of the general public.

White Australian Shepherds are rarer than standard-colored Aussies, so you won’t see as many as them in spite of how popular the breed is.

Furthermore, the fact that the gene that results in a white Aussie is incorrectly referred to as the “lethal white gene” is harmful to their popularity and reputation. The lethal white gene is real but it occurs in horses and is often fatal. White Australian Shepherds, on the other hand, are white due to the double merle gene and are perfectly capable of living long and happy lives.

It’s possible that this misconception has damaged the white Aussie’s popularity due to the controversy surrounding their genetics.

Image Credit By: Fluff Media, Shutterstock

Formal Recognition of White Australian Shepherds

Australian Shepherds were first officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1991. However, the AKC does not list white among its accepted breed standard colors, which are black, blue merle, red, and red merle. Certain white markings are acceptable, however, along with tan points.

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Top 3 Unique Facts About White Australian Shepherds

1. White Australian Shepherds Have Double Merle Genes

Contrary to popular belief, white Australian Shepherds (homozygous merles) do not have the lethal white gene. They inherit a double merle gene from two standard merle parents. The odds of this happening are 25% per Australian Shepherd litter. Sadly, white puppies are sometimes killed due to a lack of understanding about what actually causes them to be white.

Australian Shepherd purebred mother and her puppies on meadow
Image Credit: DenisNata, Shutterstock

2. Different Colored Eyes Are Common in Aussies

Whatever their coat color, it’s not unusual to see an Australian Shepherd with two different colored eyes. This is known as heterochromia.

3. White Australian Shepherds Are Sometimes Born Deaf or Blind

Though there is a higher possibility that a white Australian Shepherd will be born deaf, blind, or both, these are not fatal conditions and do not prevent a white Aussie from living a full and happy life.

Australian Shepherd purebred dog on meadow
Image Credit: DenisNata, Shutterstock

Does a White Australian Shepherd Make a Good Pet?

Very much so! Australian Shepherds of any color make great family dogs. These sharp, hardworking, and energetic dogs tend to thrive in active families that enjoy outdoor pursuits as they have a real sense of adventure and love nothing more than keeping busy.

An Australian Shepherd with not enough to do quickly becomes bored and may act out destructively—these are certainly not the kinds of dogs that enjoy lounging around for most of the day.

They make great companions and playmates for sensible children—older children in particular.  The Australian Shepherd’s strong herding instincts may result in them attempting to “herd” small children, though there are training methods aimed at reducing this behavior.



The Australian Shepherd’s history is a long and fascinating one, one spent mostly hard at work on farms, ranches, and in rodeos—a work ethic they’ve never lost. The popularity of these quick, spunky dogs has grown so much that in 2021, Australian Shepherds were number 12 on the AKC’s list of most popular dog breeds, and it’s not hard to see why!

Featured Image Credit: Elena Birkina, Shutterstock

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