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|Here is the EngAm Bulldog at a Glance|
|Average height||20 to 27 inches|
|Average weight||60 to 90 pounds|
|Coat type||Short, straight, rough|
|Grooming Needs||Low to moderate|
|Shedding||Low to moderate|
|Brushing||Two to three times a week|
|Tolerant to Solitude?||Moderate to good|
|Tolerance to Heat||Low|
|Tolerance to Cold||Low|
|Good Family Pet?||Very good|
|Good with Children?||Very good|
|Good with other Dogs?||Moderate to good with socialization|
|Good with other Pets?||Good with socialization|
|A roamer or Wanderer?||Low|
|A Good Apartment Dweller?||Moderate – too large|
|Good Pet for new Owner?||Good but training can be tricky|
|Exercise Needs||Slightly active|
|Tendency to get Fat||Very high|
|Major Health Concerns||Eye problems, patellar luxation,|
|Other Health Concerns||Reverse sneezing, brachycephalic syndrome, head shakes, hip dysplasia, skin problems, tail problems,|
|Life Span||12 to 16 years|
|Average new Puppy Price||$500 to $2000|
|Average Annual Medical Expense||$485 to $585|
|Average Annual Non-Medical Expense||$510 to $610|
Where does the EngAm Bulldog come from?
The EngAm mix refers to recent trends in mixing two purebreds together for the purpose of creating a first generation cross breed dog. A lot of these designer dogs are popular now and more are being created all the time though not always with care and thought. If a mix between the American and English Bulldog is something you want there are actually three ways to go about it. There are the regular mixed or first generation designer dogs out there mostly being referred to as EngAms. There are Olde English Bulldogges or Olde Bulldogs and there are Leavitt Bulldogs.
In the 1970s David Leavitt wanted to recreate the working Bulldog of the 1800s in England but one who was healthier and without a lot of issues many Bulldogs have today. He began to cross American Bulldogs with English Bulldogs and the results were called Olde English Bulldogs. At first Leavitt was happy with the successes, he created an association and so on. The dog was recognized by the UKC in 2014. However some owners renamed their lines changing them to the Leavitt Bulldog as it was felt by some, including Leavitt himself, that some lines of the OEB were more alternative and not being bred true.
The following information is looking at the Designer dog the EngAm, though there may be some similarities between these three types of dogs. Here is a look at the two parent dogs to see what goes into them.
The American Bulldog
The Bulldog originates in England in the 17th century where he was used in bull baiting, a spectator sport that people also believed tenderized the meat of the bull. Then he was taller and more athletic but when this sport was outlawed breeders decided to work on the dog to make him calmer, more friendly and more stocky. But the Bulldogs that had gone to America were kept larger and stronger to act as working dogs.
Now the American Bulldog is a good family dog who gets on well with children and with socialization and training can be a great companion. He is protective and determined and loves to play or work still. He is not best suited to apartment living and needs time to run. He is quicker than the English Bulldog despite his larger size. He is stubborn and dominant so needs an experienced owner.
The English Bulldog
As explained the Bulldog’s origins are in the 17th century England. At first he was bred to be brave, aggressive, fierce and determined but when the sport was banned breeders who admired certain qualities took him on with the intention of turning him into a friendlier dog. They were successful and also altered the dogs looks to create a smaller but still sturdy dog.
Today the English Bulldog is a kind and friendly dog who is no longer the fighter he once was. With proper care, training and socialization he is not aggressive though he is watchful and makes a good watchdog. He can be stubborn but he is also sweet natured and easygoing. He is not a fast learner so training requires a lot of patience.
The EngAm can be a loving and gentle dog, she likes to cuddle and is affectionate. She enjoys being social and loves getting attention. She will find ways to get her own way with you and she can be quite headstrong and stubborn. She is intelligent and playful and has a love for chewing. She is likely to get through many stuffed animals that she has chewed up and shredded. She could be a good family dog with the right owners and is aloof with strangers until she knows whether they are friendly or not. This is a capable, athletic and protective dog who will act to defend the family if needed.
What does the EngAm Bulldog look like
She is a large dog weighing 60 to 90 pounds and standing 20 to 27 inches tall. She has flappy ears, a strong, muscled and stocky build well proportioned and balanced, with the typical Bulldog look. She has a straight coat, short and rough and common colors are white, red, black, brown, golden, brindle, speckled, spotted and Merle. She has the usually Bulldog wrinkles, wide chest and prominent shoulder.
Training and Exercise Needs
How active does the EngAm Bulldog need to be?
The EngAm can range from slightly to fairly active. She can be lazy and enjoys her naps but she can also enjoy being outside, playing romping around and taking long walks. Take her out for at least a couple of walks and give her access to a yard to play in. Trips to a dog park are a good idea where she can socialize, play games with you and run off leash. If she is is acting out, bored, restless and more destructive than normal this may be a sign she is not getting enough activity.
Does she train quickly?
There is a certain level of experience needed to own a Bulldog, this one can be stubborn and willful and training can be hard and therefore will take longer. There are professional schools and trainers you can try to get some help. You need to be firm and patient with it, use treats, positive techniques, praise and encourage her. Consistency will be key but early socialization and training are important so the time will be needed to be committed to it.
Living with a EngAm Bulldog
How much grooming is needed?
The EngAm is a low to moderate shedding dog and has low to moderate grooming needs in general. She is not hypoallergenic and brushing two to three times a week should be sufficient to keep her coat healthy and debris free. She should have a bath just when she needs it, some owner over bathe their dogs, doing it too often which affects the natural oils in her skin. Use a dog shampoo only for the same reason. Her nails need to be cut short when they get too long something the vet or groomer can do, or you can once you learn how to do it. Her ears should be checked and wiped clean once a week and her teeth brushed two to three times a week.
What is she like with children and other animals?
She is good with children, energetic and playful with them and also protective and affectionate. With early socialization and training she can also deal with other dogs and other animals but it does need help.
She barks occasionally which can be quite loud when it happens. She is alert and will let the owners know if anyone tries to enter the home. She needs to eat at least 4 to 5 cups of good quality dry dog food a day, split into a minimum of two meals. She has a low tolerance for heat and cold so should be watched in either.
The health concerns that the EngAm could inherit from her parents include Eye problems, patellar luxation, Reverse sneezing, brachycephalic syndrome, head shakes, hip dysplasia, skin problems and tail problems. To have better odds at avoiding these problems ask the breeder to show you parental health clearances before you buy from them. Visit the puppy too so that you can judge how well looked after the animals are by that breeder.
Costs involved in owning a EngAm Bulldog
The EngAm Bulldog puppy can cost between $500 to $2000. Other costs for collar, leash, crate, deworming, blood tests, shots, chipping and spaying come to between $450 to $500. Other yearly costs for basic medical needs like check ups, pet health insurance, shots and flea prevention come to between $485 to $585. Annual non medical costs like training, food, license, treats and toys come to between $510 to $610.
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The EngAm Bulldog is headstrong dog who needs an experienced owner. She could be a great dog with the right care and can be loving, affectionate and gentle. She will need a certain level of activity and training will be slow. If you have the commitment, love and patience she needs this could be your new best friend.
Featured Image Credit: Ysbrand Cosijn, Shutterstock
Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts’ knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.
- Where does the EngAm Bulldog come from?
- What does the EngAm Bulldog look like
- Training and Exercise Needs
- Living with a EngAm Bulldog
- Health Concerns
- Costs involved in owning a EngAm Bulldog