As a Havanese owner or enthusiast, you may be curious about the lifespan of these adorable little dogs. With their fluffy coats and playful personalities, it’s no wonder that Havanese are such beloved pets. But how long can you expect your furry companion to stick around? The short answer is that Havanese dogs have an average lifespan of about 14-16 years.
In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the Havanese lifespan, including factors that can affect their longevity and tips for keeping your Havanese pup healthy and happy for as long as possible. Whether you’re a new Havanese owner or simply curious about these lovable pups, read on to learn more about the lifespan of this popular breed.
What’s the Average Lifespan of a Havanese?
The average lifespan of a Havanese is about 14–16 years, although some Havanese can live well into their late teens. This lifespan is relatively long for a small dog breed, making the Havanese an excellent choice for families looking for a long-term companion.
Why Do Some Havanese Live Longer Than Others?
Several factors can impact a Havanese’s lifespan, including breed genetics, environment, and overall lifestyle. While genetic factors are beyond our control, other factors can be managed to increase your Havanese’s life expectancy.
1. Genetics and Health Issues
One of the most significant factors affecting a Havanese’s lifespan is their breed’s genetics and health issues of the breed in general. Some breeds are more prone to certain health problems than others, and the Havanese is no exception. While the Havanese is generally a healthy breed, they are susceptible to some genetic health issues, such as luxating patellas and heart conditions.
Although a luxating patella may not change the lifespan of your Havanese, it can affect their quality of life, especially as they age. However, heart conditions can shorten a Havanese’s lifespan, since the heart is such a vital organ. Reputable breeders will screen their Havaneses for these conditions, but regular vet care is crucial for improving your dog’s life.
It’s also important for your dog to receive regular flea, tick, and parasite prevention and treatment, as well as rabies and other vaccines that can prevent certain health issues. Additionally, regular dental cleanings and vet checkups can help you get on top of any health issues before they become a problem.
Here are some other health issues to look for.
One of the most common health issues in Havanese dogs is dental problems. Owners should make sure to brush their dog’s teeth regularly and take them to the vet for regular dental checkups. Other things like dental treats and certain kibbles can help minimize the amount of plaque on your dog’s teeth.
Havanese dogs are also prone to allergies. These dogs can be allergic to a variety of things, including pollen, dust, and certain foods.
Some common signs of allergies in Havanese dogs can include itching, redness, and inflammation. Owners should work with their vet to identify and manage their dog’s allergies. Many of these allergies can be mitigated with medications and certain environmental and behavioral changes.
Finally, Havanese dogs can be prone to ear infections. Because of the breed’s long, floppy ears, it can be difficult to keep their ears clean and dry. Owners should make sure to clean their dog’s ears regularly (2 to 3 times a week) and watch for signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, and discharge. You should also watch out for parasites (fleas and ticks) as they can also be the source of many ear infections.
Another major contributing factor to a Havanese’s lifespan is making sure that they receive proper nutrition. Dogs of any breed should be fed a high quality, balanced diet that contains meat based proteins and other ingredients and supplements based on their individual needs. Working with your veterinarian or a canine nutritionist is highly recommended to achieve this. Avoid overfeeding your dog, which can lead to obesity and the problems associated with it. Also, avoid giving your Havanese table scraps, some of which can be toxic to your dog.
Also consider daily exercise and physical activity, something that’s crucial for your dog’s physical and mental health. Regular physical activity can help prevent obesity, improve cardiovascular function, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. As a pet owner, it’s essential to incorporate daily walks, runs, or playtime into your routine. Not only will this keep your dog healthy, but it will also strengthen your bond with your furry friend.
Exercise can be done indoors or outdoors, but it’s always great for dogs to get fresh air. You can engage them in various physical activities such as walking, running, swimming, or playing fetch. The good thing about these small dogs is that they’re so small they only need about 20 to 30 minutes of exercise a day.
4. Living Environment
Another factor affecting a Havanese’s lifespan is their environment. Like all dogs, Havanese require a safe and comfortable living environment, adequate nutrition, and proper daily exercise. A stressful or toxic environment can negatively impact a Havanese’s health and lifespan. It’s important to provide your Havanese with a clean and safe environment and meet all of their care needs to ensure they live a long and happy life.
A dog’s lifestyle can impact their lifespan. Dogs thrive on routine, and having a consistent schedule can help reduce stress and anxiety in your furry friend and ensure that their mental health is good. Ensure that your dog gets enough sleep and avoid leaving them alone for extended periods. This will help reduce the risk of separation anxiety and other behavioral issues, such as stress and depression, which can lower their quality of life and their lifespan.
Finally, giving your dog lots of love and attention is essential in increasing their lifespan. Dogs thrive on human companionship, and studies have shown that dogs that receive affection and attention from their owners tend to live longer and healthier lives.
The Life Stages of a Havanese
A Havanese is considered to be in the puppy stage up until about 1 year old. They will continue to grow and develop until they are about 6 to 8 months old, and they will reach sexual maturity during the first year of their life as well.
2. Young Adult
Haveneses between the ages of 2 and 5 years old are in the young adult stage. Their bodies are fully developed, and they are generally pretty healthy. They will also often have the most energy during this time.
3. Mature Adult
A mature adult Havanese is one that is between the ages 5 and 10 years old. They may have a bit less energy and not be as playful, but they will still enjoy spending time with you and going for walks. Less serious health problems may start to crop up during these years.
A senior Havanese is between ages 10 to 12 or older. Their bodies will start to slow down, and they will seem less energetic and playful. It is important to make sure they still receive exercise, although less strenuous, during this time, as well as a proper diet. But they may start to gain weight as their metabolism slows down. More health issues may start to develop during this time as well.
How to Tell Your Havanese’s Age
If you get them from a breeder, they will have documentation stating exactly when they were born so that you can know what their age is. However, a vet can look at your Havanese’s teeth and other body parts and give you an estimate of how old they are.
Wrapping Things Up
The Havanese is a beloved breed known for its friendly nature and adorable appearance. While the Havanese may have a long lifespan already, several factors can help increase their life expectancy. Proper nutrition, a quality living environment, daily physical activity, and regular veterinary check ups can all contribute to a longer life for your Havanese pup.
By taking note of the factors that impact a Havanese’s lifespan, you can make informed decisions about welcoming one into your home and providing them with a happy and healthy environment.
Featured Image Credit: Dorottya Mathe, Shutterstock