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Home > Rabbits > How Long Are Rabbits Pregnant? Vet Reviewed Gestation Period

How Long Are Rabbits Pregnant? Vet Reviewed Gestation Period

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Dr. Luqman Javed

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Have you ever heard the expression, “breeding like rabbits,” but weren’t sure where it came from? Unlike most animals, rabbits don’t have specific times when they are in heat, so they can conceive at any point throughout their sexually mature lives. This is why they tend to have so many babies!

Most rabbits, domesticated and wild, have a gestation period of around 31 days. This article includes all the pertinent information about rabbit pregnancy, including how soon rabbits can get pregnant and how you should handle it if your pet rabbit is expecting.


At What Age Do Rabbits Mate?

A female rabbit, also referred to as a doe, usually reaches sexual maturity before she is 6 months old. Small breeds can mate with bucks as early as 4 to 6 months, and large breeds sometimes wait until they are 9 to 12 months old.

Since rabbits are at the bottom of the food chain, they breed as much as possible and have large litters in order to perpetuate their species. It can be challenging to recognize and identify the signs of pregnancy in a doe. Signs that your rabbit might be ready to mate include restlessness, nervousness, and rubbing her chin on her food and water equipment.

If you think your doe is ready to mate and you plan on her having babies, take her to the buck’s hutch so they can breed. It will happen almost immediately after she is in the hutch, and then you can safely return her back to her own.

two Rabbits in a Nest
Image By: Bragapictures, Shutterstock

Is Your Doe Pregnant?

Bucks will sometimes continue to mate with the females even after they have conceived, so don’t put her back with the male. Instead, it is best to confirm the pregnancy with a veterinarian.

How Long Are Rabbits Pregnant?

Gestation starts from the time of conception up until the time of delivery. The entire process is quick and lasts around 31 days. During this time, you might not know that a rabbit is pregnant because they rarely act abnormally. A handful of does get more aggressive during the gestation period, and you might notice a slight increase in appetite, but there won’t be a lot of other signs to look out for.

Photo credit: jatocreate, Pixabay

What to Do If a Rabbit Is Pregnant

So, you’ve confirmed that your rabbit is pregnant, and now you’re unsure about the next steps. Pregnant females begin nesting about 27 days after mating. She will likely pull out some of her fur to line the nest with. Put a nest box in the hutch with her so she has a safe place to deliver her litter.

Now that she’s close to delivering, she might consume less food and become restless. Try not to disturb her until she has settled down. If she has her kits, don’t check on them until the day following the birth. At this time, if some of them didn’t make it, remove them from the nest, and leave the rest alone.

Rabbit litters could include anywhere from one to 14 kits. The average number is usually around six. They are born blind and deaf but begin developing these senses after about 10 days of life.

After the Kindling

Kindling is the birth of a litter of rabbits. The entire process could last as little as 10 minutes, and once they are born, the doe distances herself from them. This is an instinct used in the wild to protect them from predators.

Keep the buck away from the litter in order to give them a better chance at survival. Keep him away from the mother too, or he might try to mate with her again. She will feed her litter when she feels comfortable and enjoys having alone time with them.

The doe usually feeds her litter twice a day: once in the morning and once at night. The young become fully weaned after 4 to 6 weeks. Continue to keep the female separate from males during this time so she doesn’t get pregnant again immediately after the birth.

rabbit on hay grass
Image By: Kevinsphotos, Pixabay

False Pregnancies

Sometimes, female rabbits have false pregnancies. They show signs of the typical behavior of pregnant rabbits, like nest building, but the only way to confirm that she’s pregnant is to take her to the vet. If you want to avoid a pregnancy, consider getting your rabbits neutered.

You might also be interested in: Can Two Female Rabbits Live Together?


Final Thoughts

The entire process of pregnancy is quick in rabbits. From the mating to the kindling, it only takes just over a month for this to occur. It doesn’t give you a lot of time to prepare, but work as quickly as you can, and give your doe everything she needs to feel comfortable throughout the process.

Featured Image Credit: Alexas_Fotos, Pixabay

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