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How to Take Care of a Baby Squirrel (Care Sheet & Guide 2021)

Ashley Bates

Baby squirrels might arguably be one of the cutest babies of the animal kingdom. They’re so tiny, fragile, helpless, and cuddly. If you have found a litter of tiny baby squirrels and mama is nowhere to be found, you might be scrambling around to find resources to help.

Or maybe you are into exotic pets and want to keep squirrels. They can make decent pets for experienced owners. No matter where you are on your journey, don’t fret—we are going to go over exactly how to approach the situation so you can appropriately care for these speedy critters.

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Squirrel Facts

Squirrels are awesome little mammals that love to get into mischief. No matter what kind of squirrel is in question, these little guys are super amiable, curious, and attentive—and boy, do they have energy. But do squirrels make good pets?

Let’s get to know squirrels a little better.

History

Squirrels are indigenous to North America, South America, Asia, Europe, and Africa. We introduced them to Australia, which they now inhabit as well.

In different regions of the world, squirrels are very different in appearance and personality. Despite their wild nature, some exotics enthusiasts have tried domesticating this little critter.

Believe it or not, squirrels were popular pets during times gone by. They were found in many homes across the US throughout the 1800s. Squirrels had agile bodies and endearing personalities, winning over the hearts of their keepers.

Today, many wildlife professionals advise people not to keep squirrels as pets, but that doesn’t stop some from trying it out.

squirrel on the grass
Image Credit: Pixabay

Types of Squirrels

There are a few different species of squirrel, including:

  • Flying squirrels
  • Ground squirrels
  • Tamias
  • Fox squirrels
  • Eastern gray squirrel
  • Tree squirrels
  • American red squirrels
  • Black squirrels

Environment

Squirrels prefer to live in trees and inhabit woodland areas. Squirrels also love urban developments. Even though they might have some additional danger in suburbs or cities, they have a plentiful food selection.

squirrel sharp claws
Image Credit: Pixabay

Lifespan

Lifespans for squirrels vary depending on species and environment. It’s not unusual to see a gray squirrel live 20 years in captivity. 

Colors

Depending on species, squirrel coats can vary between:

  • Black
  • Brown
  • Agouti
  • White
  • Red
  • Silver

Natural Diet

Squirrels are herbivores and eat a diet of plants, fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts, and bark. They might also hop into a backyard to steal some bird seed too.

squirrel climbing on the tree
Image Credit: Pixabay

Do Squirrels Make Good Pets?

Squirrels are compact, excitable little cuties that have interactive personalities. Some people find owning a squirrel to be a rewarding experience. However, there can be several downsides that make squirrel-owning not the best decision.

Region Laws & Regulations on Exotic Pets

All else aside, it is challenging to obtain licensing and sometimes illegal to own pet squirrels. Certain states and regions have stringent requirements or forbid it altogether. Some areas want you to have wildlife rehabilitation licensing before having a squirrel to ensure proper care.

If you’re curious about laws in your state, this map gives a color-coded view of the United States. Check out your general laws for exotic animal owning before you move forward to purchase or obtain a license.

All places that require licensing want you to have the proper documentation before you bring your squirrel home.

squirrel eating
Image Credit: Pixabay

The Reality of Owning a Squirrel

No matter how cute they are, these animals are still considered wild. Even though you might buy from a breeder, the squirrels haven’t been out of their natural habitat long enough for total domestication. This means squirrel owning is quite unlike having a dog or cat.

Squirrels have a very high prey response, which means they can flee, bite, or claw when they feel threatened. One wrong move might signal that there is danger, creating a bad reaction. Squirrels have muscular, powerful legs and sharp teeth—they can pack quite a punch.

By nature, squirrels are meant to leap from tree to tree with no consequence. They have limitless energy and a sense of freedom. Confined squirrels with small habitats can get very lonely and even depressed without proper socialization and stimulation.

When they get out to roam, they have sharp claws that will tear up furniture and other materials. All out-of-cage explorations should be closely supervised.

red squirrel
Image Credit: Pixabay

Complications of Squirrel Care

Some people aren’t prepared for squirrel owning for a variety of factors. Either this is an abandoned infant situation or an impulse buy. Regardless of the reason behind the hardship, you might find yourself in over your head.

Squirrels might surprise you with how much attention they need. Not only do you have to let them out for daily exercise faithfully, you also have to make sure they are clean, fed, and cared for.

Vetting can get pricey, too, since exotic vets are rarer and have high rates and fees. Sometimes people find themselves unaware of how to continue care and surrender the animal.

Injured or Wounded Squirrels

If you found a litter or singular baby squirrel that was abandoned or injured, they might not be able to go back to the wild. Even if your initial plan was to nurse the baby back to health and release, it’s not always an option.

In this case, you should always contact a wildlife rescue or rehabilitation center for further guidance or advice.

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Where Can I Get a Baby Squirrel?

Where you can buy a baby squirrel depends greatly on where you fall on the map. Some places allow you to keep squirrels as pets, while others strictly forbid it.

Squirrels are considered wild animals, so most places do request that you have a permit and proper licensing before ownership.

Licensing—before you buy, you’ll need to obtain a license if your state requires it. Cost varies quite a bit from state to state, falling anywhere from $5 to $150. 

Baby Squirrel Price—some baby squirrels will be free since you might find an abandoned infant. But others will cost you. A squirrel from a licensed breeder costs about $200 to $600, but they can be upward of $1,000 depending on rarity.

newborn squirrel
Image Credit: Pixabay

What Kind of Home Does My Baby Squirrel Need?

A baby squirrel does best in a natural nest or burrow, but accidents do happen. If you find an orphaned baby squirrel, reach out to a wildlife facility on how to proceed.

If you’re buying a squirrel from a breeder, you need to mimic their natural lifestyle as much as possible in captivity.

baby squirrel
Image Credit: Pixabay

Nesting

Squirrels nest naturally, which makes them have a sense of security. Squirrels are great architects, too. If you give your squirrel lots of rodent-friendly materials, they can make one heck of a nest themselves.

Toys

Squirrels are very playful little critters, and they will need activities to keep them occupied. Squirrels need lots of safe objects to chew on since they have to file down their incisors.

Cage Type

Squirrels are very energetic and require lots of space, so the bigger the cage—the better. A squirrel can fit well in a tall, vertical cage where they can jump and climb. Many ferret or sugar glider cages can be suitable homes for pet squirrels, provided they have daily time to explore outside of the cage.

baby squirrel outside cage
Image Credit: Pixabay

Hides

Squirrels prefer to feel secluded when they relax. They also love having a private stash called a ‘cache’ to store food overflow.

Food & Water Dishes

You can give your squirrel a regular shallow food dish—since they will likely remove all the food and horde it in their nesting area. Squirrels need a water bottle, such as the one you would buy for guinea pigs or rabbits.

Cage Mates

Squirrels are little social critters, so do they need a friend in their enclosure? Well, in nature, squirrels typically live alone. They’re also not good with other pets since they can be hurt so easily.

squirrel above the cage
Image Credit: Pixabay

What Should I Feed My Baby Squirrel?

The squirrel diet depends very much on the age of the baby.

Orphaned Babies

If the squirrel is orphaned, you have to bottle feed the baby every few hours. They need puppy formula replacement milk and Pedialyte to grow appropriately. You will have to narrow down the age of the babies to determine how much to offer.

You’ll need to follow a rigorous feeding schedule, which means being up every few hours throughout the night to ensure they are fed and groomed. This can be very taxing, as very young squirrels need to eat every 2 hours for the first several days of their lives.

In addition to feedings, you also have to be prepared to do the mother’s work—stimulating the genitals to help them use the bathroom. If you don’t, the squirrel might get bound up and impacted, being unable to pass their stool.

feeding a newborn squirrel
Image Credit: Pixabay

Captive Babies

Squirrels born in captivity won’t leave their mothers until they are roughly 10 and 12 weeks of age. By this time, you won’t have to worry about supplementing formula, as the babies are completely weaned and ready to live self-sufficiently.

You can feed your squirrel:
  • Rodent block
  • Vegetables
  • Wild roots and greens
  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Fruit
  • Bark

A majority of their dietary needs are covered by rodent blocks alone, but fresh foods are essential to keep your squirrel healthy.

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How Do I Take Care of My Baby Squirrel?

If you’re keeping a squirrel in captivity, you want to create the best atmosphere possible.

Cage Temperature

If your squirrel is very young, you will need to keep them warm and cozy—as these little ones rely on their mother’s body heat in the beginning. You might need a heating lamp or pad for the first several weeks of rehabilitation.

Self-sufficient squirrels are durable and made to withstand the elements. They should be in a room-temperature area away from drafts or direct sunlight.

Socialization

Squirrels are energetic little rascals who need plenty of time for socializing. They are very curious and will form close bonds with people.

They will connect with you the most when they are enjoying playing. So, getting your squirrel out of their enclosure for fun activities will strengthen your relationship.

With proper restraints and supervision, you can even take your squirrel outside to explore. Do exercise caution, as they can slip away in the blink of an eye.

two baby squirrels
Image Credit: Pixabay

Exercise

Squirrels are chipper little animals that need lots of time to scurry about. They also need lots of sunshine, so daily trips outside in 30-minute intervals are ideal.

Cleanup

You have to keep your squirrel’s cage area clean and sanitary. It would be best if you spotted clean the cage to keep it accident-free. You should clean the entire cage every week.

Grooming

Your squirrel will do all the complicated grooming work for you. You won’t have to bathe them, but you will have to trim their nails. If you are unfamiliar or uncomfortable with performing this task, take them to the vet for assistance.

a young squirrel
Image Credit: Pixabay

How Do I Know If My Baby Squirrel Is Sick?

If you found a baby squirrel, look for visible signs of problems like scratches, wounds, or trauma. If there’s nothing visually unusual, pay attention to breathing and response. You’ll need to tend to the baby squirrel right away if it seems very weak or cold.

Especially with exotic pets, it’s vital to get them to wildlife professionals who have experience. Many problems will be out of your scope of expertise, which can be detrimental to the baby.

If you bought your squirrel from a breeder, you still need to make sure your little livewire is growing and functioning as it should. Spot an exotic vet in your area and keep up with annual vet visits.

Squirrel Health Issues

There are certain illnesses you squirrel can contract—but there are also problems they can pass along to you. Even domestically bred squirrels might still carry disease.

Veterinary testing can determine the health of your baby squirrel. Take your little guy to appointments faithfully, especially in their first year of life.

Common squirrel ailments include:
  • Leptospirosis
  • Salmonellosis
  • Parasites
  • Lyme Disease
  • Tularemia

Protect yourself while interacting with your squirrel to prevent the transmission of bacteria. Always remember to guard your skin and wash your hands afterward.

Signs of Sickness

Squirrels are bright-eyed and bushy-tailed. They’re zippy, alert, and quick on their feet. All healthy squirrels should carry these characteristics, so if you notice they aren’t acting like themselves, look for other visual cues to see what might be wrong.

If your squirrel shows any of these symptoms, contact a professional right away:

  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose or eyes
  • Lethargy
  • Abnormal behavior
  • Rapid breathing
  • Lackluster coat
  • Dim eyes

Don’t hesitate to take your pet in immediately if you think it’s an emergency situation.

How Do I Prepare My Baby Squirrel to Live in Nature?

Letting a baby squirrel live its life in its natural habitat is the best decision you can make for the cute little nut lover. It might be hard to give up once you’ve found and bonded with one, but it really does give them an optimal quality of life.

Many agencies littered across the US work with people to rehabilitate and release wildlife back into the woods. You can trust a professional to reintroduce the squirrel to its natural roots.

Contacting a Wildlife Rescue in Your Area

Wildlife rescues are available in every state. Here is a list of facilities by state that can help out, but there may be more options for you locally.

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Conclusion

Whether you’re deciding to bring home a baby squirrel from a breeder or just rescued a litter, squirrel care is so essential to the wellbeing of these amazing creatures. Owning a squirrel might not be what you think.

These guys are wild animals that are the happiest in their natural habitats. If you do own a pet squirrel, always take care of all aspects requiring attention—from diet to enclosure to daily exercise. Most importantly, enjoy interacting with your bustling little guy.


Featured Image Credit: Pixabay

Ashley Bates

Ashley Bates is a freelance dog writer and pet enthusiast who is currently studying the art of animal therapy. A mother to four human children— and 23 furry and feathery kids, too – Ashley volunteers at local shelters, advocates for animal well-being, and rescues every creature she finds. Her mission is to create awareness, education, and entertainment about pets to prevent homelessness. Her specialties are cats and dogs.