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Common Infectious Disease in Dogs

Nicole Cosgrove

May 21, 2021

A list of dog’s infectious diseases is over here which covers the Symptoms, prevention and treatment of various infectious diseases of dogs. The most common infectious dog’s diseases are as leptospirosis, parvovirus, rabies, canine distemper, infectious cough and infectious hepatitis (jaundice).

Leptospirosis in Dogs

There are two types of such disease are common in dogs are as under:

The first bacteria icterochaemoragiae Leptospirosis attacks the liver (in humans causes Weil’s disease).

Second bacteria Leptospirosis canicola attacks the kidneys.

The first bacteria icterochaemoragiae Leptospirosis attacks the liver.


The common symptoms of this disease are sudden depression, high temperature, vomiting and thirst, bloody diarrhea, jaundice (yellow whites of the eyes and lips), possible bleeding of the gums.


If treatment is started early with antibiotics, there is the possibility of recovery. An infected dog must be handled with rubber gloves and follow the all hygiene measures.

Second bacteria Leptospirosis canicola attacks the kidneys.


The common symptoms of this disease are depression, possible vomiting.


infection is usually cured by antibiotic medicines.


Vaccination is the best prevention of this disease.

Parvovirus in dogs

This is relatively a new disease. In 1978, It is appeared first time in England, North America and Australia.


The common symptoms of this disease are severe inflammation of the small intestine with bloody diarrhea, vomiting, high temperature (40-45 ° C), malaise, lethargy, loss of appetite
It is necessary to come to the vet on time, at first signs such as anorexia, malaise, high temperature.


The only prevention is vaccination and puppies aged 6-10 weeks. On average, the disease in the vaccinated collectively combined vaccine in which other diseases such as viral hepatitis, leptospirosis, and canine distemper.

Rabies in dog

Rabies is a dangerous viral disease that affects the nervous system. This disease is spreaded by the saliva of infected animals and infection usually occurs with bites. Rabies virus has a relatively long incubation period (10-120 days, sometimes up to six months). Incubation period length also depends on the amount of virus that enters the body blow and got bitten on the spot. The closer to the head of the illness develops faster and more aggressively.


This disease manifests in two forms – a fierce and quiet.

A fierce form and quiet.

A fierce and quiet form has three stages.

First stage

lasts 1-3 days. The dog stops to listen and respond to commands, hiding in a dark place, it ceases to recognize familiar people, is irritated, often lies down and gets up again and walks around, howling. Often they also lick and bite the affected area. Another typical symptom is eating as stone, wood, but also other subjects. At the end of this stage the excessive secretion of saliva begins, in which the virus multiplies. Body temperature can be about 40 ° C.

The second stage rage:

The second stage rage remain from 3-4 days. The symptoms are much stronger than in the first stage. The dog tries to escape, biting into everything he sees and unjustified attack on people and other animals. He has a wide-eyed look.

The Third stage paralytic

The third stage paralytic takes 4-5 days. At this stage, the dog calms down, the back legs paralyzed, and certainly can not swallow. He cannot bark, as has also paralyzed vocal cords. High temperature drops and the dog dies.
Quiet form has similar symptoms as the first stage in a fierce appearance. However, the complete lack of rage and dog passes into the paralytic stage and after 3-5 days dies. This form occurs in 15-20% of cases.


Rabies is a fatal disease. Our responsibility is to let your dog vaccinated against rabies prevention.

Distemper in Dogs

This disease is typical for young dogs around 3-6 months, but it’s going to be even older dogs. The virus gets into the body by inhalation and spreads through the body. In the next stage attacks the lungs, digestive system and nervous system.


the common symptoms are a healthy, young dog becomes depressed and elevated temperature. In more severe cases the high temperatures along with the second stage of weakness, runny nose and eyes, vomiting, diarrhea.


Treatment is usually antibiotic therapy and medication for cough, vomiting and diarrhea.


only way to prevent is the regular vaccination.

Infectious cough

It was first isolated as a viral disease in 1962 in Canada and is very close to the virus that causes infectious hepatitis. Infections occur through contact with infected dogs.


the common symptoms are cough, inflammation of the larynx, which is painful to palpation. Some dogs may vomit and may appear runny nose and eyes.


Vets puts advice antibiotics and cough medicines. If this cough untreated, could seriously damage the respiratory tract.

Infectious hepatitis (canine infectious hepatitis)

This is a serious viral disease also known as Rubarthova disease. Incubation period lasts 5-7 days.


In light of the disease, the dog only refuses food and has a fever. During severe condition, sign of depression, denial of food and considerable thirst. The overall symptoms are vomiting, diarrhea, with eventual traces of blood, pain in the abdomen, irritability.


Vets always advice the antibiotics medicines, the steroids and additional treatment.


The only protection is regular vaccination.

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Feature Image credit: kazi suhel tanvir mahmud, Shutterstock

Nicole Cosgrove

Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts' knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.