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The Kromfohrlander is a German purebred also known as the Lander and comes in two varieties, smooth haired called Glatthaar and wirehaired called Rauhaar. It is a small to medium sized dog bred mostly to be a companion dog in the 1940s as it does not have much of a hunting instinct. It is intelligent, playful, good natured and very much prefer to be with its owner and family. It has a life span of 12 to 14 years and is nicknamed Kromi.
|The Kromfohrlander at a Glance|
|Average size||Small to medium|
|Average weight||22 to 34 pounds|
|Average height||15 to 18 inches|
|Life span||12 to 14 years|
|Coat type||Rough coat or smooth coat|
|Color||Brown, white, tan|
|Popularity||Rare not ranked by the AKC as not yet a member|
|Tolerance to heat||Average|
|Tolerance to cold||Average|
|Shedding||Low to moderate – some hair around the home is likely but not large amounts|
|Drooling||Low to moderate – not especially prone to slobber|
|Obesity||Average – measure its food and make sure it is well exercised|
|Grooming/brushing||Low to average – brush once or twice a week|
|Barking||Occasional – does bark but should not be constant|
|Exercise needs||Moderately active|
|Trainability||Easy to train|
|Friendliness||Very good to excellent with socialization|
|Good first dog||Very good to excellent for new owners|
|Good family pet||Excellent with socialization|
|Good with children||Very good to excellent with socialization|
|Good with other dogs||Very good to excellent with socialization|
|Good with other pets||Very good to excellent with socialization|
|Good with strangers||Good to very good with socialization, wary at first though|
|Good apartment dog||Very good with daily exercise|
|Handles alone time well||No – prefers to be with their family does not like being alone for long periods|
|Health issues||Fairly healthy but some issues include epilepsy, keratosis, patellar luxation and cystinuria|
|Medical expenses||$460 a year for basic health care and pet insurance|
|Food expenses||$145 a year for a good quality dry food and doggy treats|
|Miscellaneous expenses||$535 a year for occasional grooming, license, toys, basic training and miscellaneous items|
|Average annual expenses||$1140 as a starting figure|
|Cost to purchase||$1,000|
|Rescue organizations||None breed specific, check local shelters and rescues|
|Biting Statistics||None reported|
The Kromfohrlander’s Beginnings
The Kromfohrlander is actually a recent German breed, having been developed there in the 1940s using primarily the Wire Fox Terrier and the Grand Griffon Vendeen. It was inspired from a military mascot called Peter and also referred to as Original Peter later on. During the second world war the scruffy dog was brought from northern France to Germany by American soldiers as a mascot but was lost there. Ilsa Schleifenbaum found him, saved him from being killed by German soldiers and decided to develop a new breed of dog from him.
For a decade, with the help of another breeder, it was bred to different terrier and griffon types of dogs including those mentioned above. It was a time when many breeds had been lost and after the war there was a lot of work to do to salvage and restore at least some of what was lost. The eventual result was the Kromfohrlander or Kromi which has a low hunting drive but makes a great companion with good health and great temperament. The breed’s name comes from how the local landscape was described ‘krom foh’ which translates to crooked furrow.
New Lease on Life
The FCI recognized the Kromfohrlander in 1955. It moved out further into Europe and reached Scandinavia by the early 1970s. The smooth Kromi came to the US in 1997 and the wirehaired came three years later. The smooth-haired Kromi also started breeding in the US before the wirehaired. It was recognized by the UKC in 1996 and is heading to recognition still from the AKC.
The Dog You See Today
The Kromfohrlander is a small to medium sized dog weighing 22 to 34 pounds and standing 15 to 18 inches tall. It has two types, the wirehaired which has a beard and a scruffy look and more resembles a terrier type dog. Then there is the smooth coat which has some feathering and actually looks more like a spaniel type! Common colors are white, brown or tan and a blaze on the forehead is possible. Obviously the wirehaired dogs have a rougher coat and the smooth-haired dogs have smoother and less coarse coats. The latter also have tails that are plumed. The ears fold over and fall down forwards and are moderate in length. The muzzle tapers to a rounded tip and the nose is black and its almond shaped eyes are dark.
The Inner Kromfohrlander
Kromfohrlanders are playful, happy and friendly dogs. They loves to have fun so if they do not have enough to entertain them they may get up to mischief making up their own amusements. It is agile and can get into all sorts of places in the home. It is also an affectionate and loyal dog that will bond closely with its family and owner and actually is a strong people dog, meaning it needs your companionship. It does not like being left alone at all and you need to be prepared that it will be demanding for your company and attention. It will likely stay near to you when you are home too.
With strangers though it can be more wary at first until it gets to know them. This is an adaptable dog and is good natured and easy going as long as it is played with and given enough attention. It was bred to be a companion dog and it does that well. It has no aggression in it and in fact tends to be more submissive. Once it has made friends with you, you will have a friend in it for life. It is intelligent and owners often comment on its smile and how it sneezes in greeting when you come home!
Living with a Kromfohrlander
What will training look like?
Being fairly intelligent and eager to please it is an easy to train dog and is fine for new owners who are willing to do some homework to learn how its done. It actually has a good attention span and great focus too. It does best with positive training methods such as offering it rewards, using treats and giving it praise and encouragement. Start training and socialization when it is young and it will learn a lot easier and better. Socialization will mean bringing it to different places, letting it get used to different types of people, sounds and situations. It will be a happier and more confident dog and you can feel happier with your trust in it.
How active is the Kromfohrlander?
This is not an especially active dog in terms of it needing hugely active owners. It is lively and energetic but being small those needs should be easy for most types of owners to meet. Take it for a couple of short walks a day and play with it every day too. Make sure that it gets mental stimulation as well as physical activity. It can be fine living in city settings and an apartment as long as it gets enough exercise and time outside each day. Of course a yard to play in is a great bonus though and it will love to explore in it. It is not a dog that will be happy being left alone outside though, it wants its owner close by, even outside.
Caring for the Kromfohrlander
The Kromi is a moderate shedder so there will be some hair around the home to be cleaned up. It can have slightly heavier shedding during seasonal times. Brush once or twice a week to get rid of the dead hair and to keep it debris free. Some owners opt to clip their Kromi using a professional groomer. It is not an especially dirty or smelly dog and bathing should only be needed now and then. Do not bathe too often as it will dry out its skin and only use a dog shampoo.
Other grooming needs will include clipping its nails as needed, keeping its ears checked and cleaned and keeping its teeth cleaned. The first one should be done when the nails get too long but take care not to go too far down. Blood nerves and vessels are in the lower part of the nail and cutting them will hurt the dog and cause bleeding. The ears should be checked for infection once a week looking for signs such as redness, irritation, bad odor and such. Wipe them clean after there are dog cleansing solutions you can use, or you can use a damp cloth just do not push anything down into the ear. The teeth should be brushed at least two to three times a week with a dog toothbrush and toothpaste.
The Kromfohrlander will eat about 1¼ to 2 cups of a good quality dry dog food a day, split into at least two meals a day. Make sure you choose a food designed for the needs of smaller dog breeds. How much it needs can vary depending on its size, metabolism, activity level, health and age. It should also have access to water at all times, which should be kept as fresh as possible.
How is the Kromfohrlander with other animals and children?
With socialization and being raised with them the Kromi is good with children, happy, playful and affectionate with them. However it can be wary with children it does not know and needs to be given time to adjust to them. Children need to be taught how to carefully touch and play with them. If raised with other pets and dogs they can get along with them, it does not have high dominance or prey instincts.
What Might Go Wrong?
The Kromi has a life span of 12 to 14 years and has some health issues to consider such as epilepsy, cystinuria, hyperkeratosis and patellar luxation.
Reports of dog attacks doing bodily harm in North America over the last 35 years do not name the Kromfohrlander as an attacker. It is not an aggressive breed at all but all dogs have the potential to snap or react to something. Any dog also has the potential to have an off day. Be sure you get a dog you can actually properly care for and that you properly train it, socialize it, exercise it and give it what it needs to be happy. This will make it less likely that it will get involved in anything.
Your Pup’s Price Tag
The Kromfohrlander puppy when bought from a decent and experienced breeder of pet quality dogs will cost about $1000. Prices for decent breeders go up because they offer things like medical costs on screening for health concerns. If you want something of dog show standards from a top breeder that then pushes the price higher. For some breeds there is the option of finding one at a shelter or rescue but the Kromi is a rare dog so very unlikely to be found as a purebred in such a way. From a local rescue you could adopt something else that is in need of a good home for around $50 to $400. Avoid backyard breeders and puppy mills, these are not places to keep going with your money.
Other costs at the time of getting the puppy will include some things it might require and some medical costs. Things like a carrier, crate, collar, leash and bowls and such will be about $210. Medical needs would be a vet check over, deworming, shots, spaying or neutering, micro chipping and blood tests for $270 or so.
Then a closer look at ongoing costs will cover medical basics, food and other miscellaneous costs. Each year you will pay about $460 for basic care that includes check ups, pet insurance, flea and tick prevention and vaccinations. Food costs will start out at around $145 a year for a good dry dog food and treats. Then those other costs like toys, licensing, grooming and basic training as well as miscellaneous items for about $535 a year. This gives a starting annual cost of about $1140.
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The Kromfohrlander has a great temperament that makes it a good companion though it is wary of children so being raised with them is needed, or proper and careful introductions. It comes in two coat types so you can get one that looks more spaniel like or one that like more terrier like depending on what you prefer! It is playful and needs lots of attention and company so this not a breed to get if you are not around due to work or a busy life.
Featured Image: tjuusitalo, Pixabay
Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts’ knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.
- The Kromfohrlander’s Beginnings
- New Lease on Life
- The Dog You See Today
- The Inner Kromfohrlander
- Living with a Kromfohrlander
- Caring for the Kromfohrlander
- How is the Kromfohrlander with other animals and children?
- What Might Go Wrong?
- Your Pup’s Price Tag