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Home > Dogs > 13 Maltese Pros & Cons: What to Expect When Bringing One Home

13 Maltese Pros & Cons: What to Expect When Bringing One Home

Adorable Young White Teacup Maltese Chilling in the Loving House

The Maltese is a toy breed and among the most popular in the United States. The American Kennel Club ranks the Maltese number 38 out of 284 on its breed popularity ranking, and we’re not surprised. This tiny but charming, sweet, and lively canine has a giant heart and a personality to match.

No dog comes without challenges, though, and the Maltese is no exception. In this post, we’ll share both the upsides and downsides of Maltese parenting to help you get a balanced perspective on what it might be like.


Pros of Having Maltese

1. Adaptability

Maltese Bow Tie
Image Credit: Nelson Espinoza, Shutterstock

The Maltese is suitable for life in both big homes and small, including apartments, because they’re little and don’t need an excessive amount of exercise. As long as their environment is clean, comfortable, and, of course, full of love, the Maltese will be happy anywhere.

2. Moderate Energy Levels

Though playful and energetic, Maltese dogs don’t need to run for miles to get their daily exercise fix. A few short walks every day with some playtime thrown in should be just fine for most healthy adult Maltese dogs. It’s important to remember, however, that dogs’ exercise needs differ depending on their age, health, and personal limitations.

3. Easy to Train

Woman trains her white maltese dog in the park
Image Credit: Monika Wisniewska, Shutterstock

Maltese dogs are incredibly intelligent and learn quickly with those who will be consistent and positive when it comes to training them. According to the American Kennel Club, these dogs are even known for their competence in agility and obedience events.

4. Watchdog Capability

Okay, so they might not be as impressive as a German Shepherd or a Doberman in terms of stance, size, and strength, but the Maltese is nevertheless a capable watchdog.

Maltese are pretty tuned-in by nature, and this alertness coupled with the infamous “big dog in a small dog’s body” personality they’re so well-known for means they’ll likely let you know if they’re suspicious about something.

5. Low Tendency to Shed

woman brushes hair of her white maltese dog
Image Credit: Daniel Krason, Shutterstock

Because they only shed minimally, Maltese dogs are sometimes popular choices for allergy sufferers and house-proud folks. Their coats can be a bit challenging to care for, however—something we’ll address in the “cons” section below.

6. Great Personality

Maltese dogs are the epitome of the phrase “Good things come in small packages”. Like any other dog, they need to be socialized to make sure all their best traits truly shine, but this breed is famously exuberant, playful, gentle, and devoted.

They’re also often pretty big characters for dogs so small. Humorous, hardy, and confident, these dogs consider themselves to be very much a part of the family and won’t hesitate to make sure you remember it!

Just take into account that these are, of course, generalizations, and breed isn’t the be-all and end-all when it comes to a dog’s personality. Socialization, genetics, and life experiences also play a role in determining what a dog’s personality will be like.

7. Generally Healthy

Young White Teacup Maltese
Image Credit: Plernz, Shutterstock

The Maltese has an estimated lifespan of 12–15 years and is not linked to many health conditions. Nevertheless, though Maltese dogs are generally healthy, this doesn’t mean they’re immune to developing health conditions, so you should always be on the lookout for any signs that something is “off” with your dog.

It’s also crucial to take proper care of your Maltese by feeding a complete, balanced diet in the correct portion sizes, exercising them sufficiently, and grooming them regularly (coat brushing, nail trimming, etc.).

divider-dog paw

Cons of Having a Maltese

1. May Be Stubborn

Being of a certain breed doesn’t mean all the dogs within that breed have the same personality, but one of the traits Maltese are known for is the tendency to be stubborn. As mentioned, they’re rarely short on character, and this can lead to them digging their heels in on occasion during training sessions.

What a Maltese needs is someone who will be patient and consistent with them, and who will positively reinforce what they’ve learned (with praise, treats, etc.).

2. Fragile Bodies

maltese dog walking with owner at the park
Image Credit: artellliii72, Pixabay

Though Maltese dogs are generally healthy, they’re also pint-sized, so aren’t suited to roughhousing with other dogs or boisterous play of any kind. They’ll need to be supervised closely around other dogs and children to make sure they don’t get injured.

If you’re looking for a dog that would make a great hiking or jogging buddy or that can stand up to roughhousing with other dogs at the local dog park, a Maltese won’t be the best choice.

3. Not Well-Suited to Life With Young Kids

As mentioned above, Maltese dogs can be easily hurt during boisterous play, so they’re not well-suited to families with children too young to know boundaries. They’re also known for being sensitive to loud sounds and highly charged environments, and could even snap if they feel pushed too far. This is the case for any dog that feels stressed or frightened, though.

In short, a Maltese is more likely to get along better in a calmer environment with children who will be sensible with them.

4. High-Maintenance Grooming

Maltese Short Cut Maltese dog grooming
Image Credit: Rovsky, Shutterstock

One of the pros of Maltese dogs is that they shed minimally, but their long coats can be quite a challenge to care for. Their coats can easily get tangly and knotty, so it’s best to brush them daily and bathe them on a regular basis to help keep their coat and skin in good condition. It’s also worth investing in a detangling spray to make your job a bit easier.

5. Price

You might want to consider adopting a Maltese because, not only does this offer a dog a much-needed loving home, but it also costs a lot less than buying from a breeder. Maltese puppies from breeders cost anywhere between $600 and $3,000 on average. If you opt for a breeder, be careful—do your research and find a reputable one.

6. Risk of Obesity

little dog maltese eating food from a bowl at home
Image Credit: Monika Wisniewska, Shutterstock

Any dog that’s overfed is at risk of becoming obese, but it’s easy for well-meaning people to overindulge small dogs because they look so tiny (and it’s hard to say “no” to those eyes), and this can quickly lead to a weight problem.

Be sure to measure out your Maltese’s food portions so they’re getting exactly the amount they need every day and break down treats into smaller pieces for them. While a full-sized treat might be fine for a large dog, it could easily be way too much for a toy breed.

You can get low-calorie or soft training treats that are formulated to be easy to break into pieces, so consider stocking up on some of these instead of hard treats that you struggle to snap in half. Speak to your vet if you’re not sure how much your Maltese should be eating per day.



There are definitely more pros to Maltese dogs than there are cons, but, no matter what kind of dog you have, there are always going to be things to think about. We’d urge you to see the “cons” in this list not as necessarily bad things, but rather things to think about or potential challenges you might or might not face with this breed.

As we always say, every dog is an individual and will come with their own set of great points and challenges.

See also: Why Is My Maltese Licking So Much? 14 Likely Reasons

Featured Image Credit: Plernz, Shutterstock

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