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27 Fascinating & Fun Pet Bird Facts You Never Knew

Nicole Cosgrove

Birds come in all shapes, sizes, and colors, making them one of the most varied groups of domestic pets. Birds can be quite the handful, so they aren’t for everyone, but people who own birds adore their birds, even with the mess and noise. If you think you know all there is to know about pet birds, keep reading to see if you learn something new!

divider-multipetBird Stats and Info


There are believed to be 18,000–20,000 or more bird species in the world! There are over a dozen families of birds that are kept as pets, and there are up to a few dozen species in each family.


As of 2017, there were around 6 million pet birds in the United States.


Pet birds are often broken down into two categories: parrots and non-parrots.


The only types of birds that are considered to be truly domesticated are Parakeets and Cockatiels. All other types of pet birds are, in essence, wild animals.


Birds are direct descendants of dinosaurs! Approximately 65 million years ago, all but one group of dinosaurs went extinct. The remaining group of dinosaurs became the birds we know and love today. However, birds began to develop around 150 million years ago.


You can get a pet bird for as little as $10 for small birds like Parakeets, or as much as $5,000+ for large, exotic birds, like some types of Macaws.

Gang-gang cockatoo
Image Credit: AmyJo_Freelance_Artist, Pixabay



The oldest known bird according to Guinness World Records was a Cockatoo named Cookie who lived to 82 years and 89 days. Cookie lived until August 27, 2016.


It’s not uncommon for some species of parrots to live upwards of 40–50 years, often outliving their owners.


Most species of pet birds live to be at least 10 years old with proper care, making birds a multi-year commitment no matter the species.

White-Bellied Caique Close Up
Image Credit: Birdie : a White-bellied Caique #5,miscpix, Flickr, Attribution CC 2.0

Bird Behavior and Body Language


Cockatoos are known for their dancing antics. Interestingly, studies have shown these birds make deliberate movements that they adjust with changes in tempo and rhythm. Other than humans, they’re the only animals that have shown these abilities. Not even primates have shown these abilities!


Many types of birds can be taught to appreciate music by playing enjoyable music when they are in a good mood or when they are having a pleasant experience, like playing with an interesting toy or trying a new treat. This can help them associate music with pleasant things and improve their mood.


Some birds are known to regurgitate undigested or partially digested foods to feed their young. Some Parakeets have shown this behavior when interacting with their humans, showing affection through offering a tasty, regurgitated meal.


Keep an eye on your bird’s eyes. Large, dilated pupils can indicate your bird is relaxed or content. However, small, pinprick pupils can indicate your bird is agitated and is likely to bite.


If your bird is grinding or clicking its beak, it’s likely telling you that it’s happy or pleased with something it has been offered, like food or a toy.


Crested birds, like Cockatoos, will raise the crest on top of their head to show you they’re happy to see you.


Birds thrive with a routine. Changes or interruptions to their routine can lead to stress and behavioral problems.


Some types of birds are so set in their routines that they may be as reliable as an alarm clock, a la roosters. This is one of the reasons that roosters aren’t able to be owned in some municipalities.

Image Credit: TRAPHITHO, Pixabay

Health Information


Many domestic birds are extremely sensitive to certain types of chemicals in the air. These can include artificial room fresheners, cleaning supplies, and even the fumes emitted from Teflon-coated cookware, which humans can’t typically smell.


Just like dogs and cats, birds need routine veterinary visits. These visits can be for nail, wing, or beak trims, or they can be general health checkups to make sure no illnesses are developing.


Psittacosis is a bacterial disease that impacts over 400 species of birds. It is also called Parrot Fever, and it is highly transmissible between birds. It can even be spread through humans who have had contact with an infected bird or objects belonging to that bird, like feathers and bedding. It can be deadly, but it is treatable.


Psittacosis is a zoonotic disease, meaning it is transmissible to humans, and it can cause a mild to severe lung infection.

Black-Winged (Abyssinian) Lovebird eating guava fruit on tree branch
Image Credit: Tristan Barrington, Shutterstock



Birds are typically highly intelligent animals. They are also sensitive and experience a broad range of emotions, with some birds, like the African Grey parrot, exhibiting the same mental, emotional, and problem-solving capacity of a human child around the age of 4 – 6 years.


Many birds are capable of mimicry, with some being able to mimic human voices. Some of the most intelligent parrots can learn a library of words and phrases, with some developing a vocabulary of over 1,000 words and phrases.


Mimicry involves mimicking sounds in the bird’s environment through repetition and practice. This behavior may be done for entertainment or to illicit a response. African Greys have shown the ability to not only learn human words, but they can use words and phrases in the proper context to allow for verbal communication, which is taking their use of language beyond mimicry.


In some parrots, studies have found the spiriform nucleus to be two to five times larger than that of a chicken. The spiriform nucleus allows for communication between the brain’s cortex and cerebellum, allowing for advanced behaviors and intelligence. In some parrots, the spiriform nucleus is the same size in relation to the brain as it is for primates.


Macaws have shown advanced abilities and communication techniques, including the use of tools, the ability to solve puzzles, and even exhibiting face blushing in communication.


Some advanced birds have the concept of object permanence, which means they know that an object is still present when it is out of sight, like if you hide an object in your pocket or remove a toy from the room. In humans, this ability isn’t usually developed until around 2 years of age.

divider-multipetIn Conclusion

Birds are easily one of the most interesting animals we keep as pets. They never cease to amaze us with their intelligent behaviors and interesting antics. They are also wonderful pets if you’re interested in a pet that loves you back, but you’re looking for something a little different than the typical dog or cat. Pet birds are a commitment of time, both daily and for multiple years, but they are worth the effort and will pay you back with their affection.

Featured Image Credit: klarunddeutlichmedia, PIxabay

Nicole Cosgrove

Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts' knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.