Loving your dog means more than petting them and giving them kisses. It also involves duties like deworming them and taking them to the vet regularly. There’s also the fact that if your dog is not dewormed and has fleas and ticks, they can make you sick.
Therefore, deworming and applying antiparasitic products (for fleas and ticks), are essential aspects of dog ownership that should not be neglected, both for your dog’s health and for yours and your family members’.
In this article, learn about the deworming schedule for puppies, the most common intestinal parasites in dogs, the clinical signs of worm infestations, and more.
What Is the Schedule for Deworming Puppies?
Deworming refers to the treatment and prevention (i.e., preventing other animals from getting infested) of intestinal parasite infestations, such as roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms, whipworms, and giardia.
The dosage and frequency of deworming depend on the weight of your dog, their age, and the type of parasites they have.
For puppies in general, deworming is done at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 weeks of life (that is, every 2 weeks until your puppy reaches the age of 12 weeks). After this, you should deworm them once every 3–4 months.
Pregnant females can also be infested with parasites. Without proper deworming of the mother, intestinal parasites will be transmitted to the pups via the intrauterine or trans-mammary route. Puppies infested in this way can be dewormed from the age of 2 weeks with special products.
What Is the Schedule for Deworming Adult Dogs?
In adult dogs, deworming should be done once every 3–4 months. For general deworming, one treatment is sufficient, but for massive infestation, the process will likely need to be repeated after 14 days. These products only kill the adult parasites; they have no effect on eggs and larvae. In 10–14 days, the larvae have time to migrate from the tissues to the intestines (where the deworming products work).
How Long Does It Take for the Worms to Be Eliminated After Deworming?
After you have given your puppy the deworming treatment, they will eliminate the dead worms within 2–14 hours. However, there are cases in which infested dogs will eliminate dead worms up to a week after the deworming treatment.
How Do Dogs Get Infested With Intestinal Parasites?
There are many means by which dogs can become infested with intestinal parasites.
What Intestinal Parasites Are Puppies Susceptible To?
Intestinal parasites are not limited to intestinal worms; they also include protozoa.
What Are the Clinical Signs of Intestinal Parasites in Puppies?
The diagnosis is generally based on the clinical signs. If you want a definite diagnosis, a coproparasitological examination is essential.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Does Deworming Have Side Effects?
Most deworming products are safe, with no adverse effects. Some dogs may experience lethargy and/or diarrhea after deworming, but this will disappear within 24–48 hours. In the case of massive infestations, the treatment will kill a large number of parasites, and negative effects like vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, etc., may occur. Also, in the case of malnourished puppies or adult dogs, the toxins eliminated by the dead parasites can lead to severe clinical signs. In this case, it is recommended to consult the veterinarian before administering the treatment.
Does Deworming Prevent Future Infestations?
No, deworming only treats infestations with intestinal parasites. Your dog can become infested with parasites even if they are freshly dewormed. That is why it is recommended to deworm your pet regularly every 3–4 months.
Puppies are recommended to be dewormed starting at the age of 2 weeks, and the treatment will need to be repeated every 2 weeks until your dog is 12 weeks old. After this period, dogs should be dewormed once every 3–4 months. Deworming does not prevent infestations with intestinal parasites; it only treats them. Therefore, your dog can become infested with intestinal parasites even if they are freshly dewormed. Clinical signs of intestinal parasite infestation include a distended abdomen, vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, weight loss, and matted fur. In massive infestations, pets may also vomit worms. If this is also the case with your dog, consult your veterinarian.
Featured Image Credit: OLESYA BOLTENKOVA, Shutterstock