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Home > Rabbits > Rhinelander Rabbit: Care, Temperament, Habitat & Traits (With Pictures)

Rhinelander Rabbit: Care, Temperament, Habitat & Traits (With Pictures)

rabbit eating_ Beachbird, Shutterstock

The Rhinelander Rabbit is a beautiful rabbit known for its butterfly markings and speckled coats. While typically categorized as medium-sized rabbits, some Rhinelander Rabbits can grow to be quite large and weigh about 10 pounds.

Along with their unique appearance, Rhinelander Rabbits make wonderful family pets. They’re playful and can be quite active, but they’re also known to be relatively calm and confident around people. Here’s all you need to know about Rhinelander Rabbits if you’re interested in caring for one as a pet.

Breed Overview




6–10 pounds


5–9 years

Similar Breeds:

Belgian Hare, Checkered Giant, Britannia Petite

Suitable for:

Rabbit owners that have time to provide plenty of exercise, families with children


Affectionate, friendly, active

Rhinelander Rabbits are known to be social and playful. So, they often make great playmates for children. They’re relatively interactive pets that grow to enjoy spending time with their owners. This makes them excellent choices for people who are living in smaller spaces and are looking to care for an affectionate small pet.

Rhinelander Rabbit Breed Characteristics


How Much Do These Rabbits Cost?

The cost of Rhinelander Rabbits ranges between $40–$60. They’re relatively rare in the US, and there are less than 200 registrations of Rhinelander Rabbits in the US annually1. However, this breed is still recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA).

Rhinelander Rabbits originate from Germany. They were first developed by Josef Heinz in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. He first bred a Japanese Harlequin buck with a doe with gray checkered markings. They produced a litter with one bunny with black and orange spots and the Rhinelander Rabbit’s signature butterfly-shaped markings. With this finding, Heinz bred a Japanese Harlequin buck with a Checkered Giant doe, and this pairing eventually created the Rhinelander Rabbits we know today.

Rhinelander Rabbits were first shown in Germany in 1902 and were officially accepted as a breed in 1905. They were eventually exported to the US in 1923, but their population size didn’t really grow during this time. It may have been challenging to produce litters that met breed standards, and there was more interest in breeding Checkered Giant Rabbits.

The Rhinelander Rabbit Club of America was founded in 1974, and these rabbits gained ARBA recognition in 1975. Other rabbit breeds were introduced to the American stock of Rhinelander Rabbits to prevent inbreeding. Eventually, the American breed standards were rewritten in 1994 as the breed population continued to develop and grow.

Temperament & Intelligence of the Rhinelander Rabbit

Do These Rabbits Make Good Pets? 👪

Yes, Rhinelander Rabbits are domesticated rabbits that make excellent household pets. It may be difficult to find a breeder near you, but it’s often worth the effort because Rhinelander Rabbits are so playful and affectionate. Their larger size makes them more compatible with children than smaller rabbit breeds. However, young children should still learn how to handle and interact with rabbits properly and interactions should be supervised by an adult.

Does This Rabbit Get Along With Other Pets?

Rhinelander Rabbits are social, and they usually get along with other rabbits as long as their living spaces are large enough. It’s also helpful to spay or neuter these rabbits to prevent breeding new litter and reduce the risk of territorial behaviors.

Rhinelander Rabbits can get along with other animals, like dogs. However, introduction and socialization must be done in a very gradual process. Some Rhinelander Rabbits may not ever feel fully comfortable around other types of animals, and it’s important never to force rabbits to be around other pets.


Things to Know When Owning a Rhinelander Rabbit:

Food & Diet Requirements 🥕

Rabbits are herbivores, and about 70% of their diet consists of grasses and hay2. Their digestive systems depend on grass and hay, so it’s essential to make sure they’re given plenty of these foods every day. Feeding your Rhinelander Rabbit high-quality rabbit pellets along with grass or hay will also ensure that your rabbit gets all its daily nutritional requirements met.

Rhinelander Rabbits will also enjoy having a daily assortment of leafy greens, including dandelion greens, arugula, endives, chicory, and red or green leaf lettuce. They can eat some vegetables, like broccoli, green bell peppers, and Brussels sprouts. Contrary to popular belief, rabbits shouldn’t consume a high volume of carrots because they contain a lot of carbohydrates and can end up disrupting their gut flora. For similar reasons, fruit should only be given to rabbits as occasional treats.

Habitat & Hutch Requirements 🏠

Due to their larger size, Rhinelander Rabbits require larger hutches. Hutches should be at least 3 feet wide and 4 feet long, and the living space should include running spaces that are a minimum of 36 square feet. Rhinelander Rabbits will benefit from having multi-level hutches that enable them to hop around. Make sure to include hiding spots and places where they can burrow and rest undisturbed.

Exercise & Sleeping Needs 🐇

Rabbits are foragers by nature, so it’s often helpful to scatter their food and encourage them to search and sniff out their food sources. Rhinelander Rabbits are intelligent rabbits, and they’ll appreciate the exercise and enrichment opportunities that come with foraging for food. They’re also on the more active side and require daily exercise. They’ll appreciate spending time outside of their hutches every day and hopping around in a playpen or a small room in the house. Rhinelander Rabbits do best when they’re able to exercise for a total of 3 hours throughout the day.

Rhinelander Rabbits can sleep for between 8–11 hours a day. They’re most active during dawn and dusk, so they must get their sleep in between these periods. Make sure to have their sleeping areas located in a quiet and secluded area so that they can sleep with minimal disruptions.

Training 🥎

Rhinelander Rabbits are intelligent and attentive, and they can learn some tricks if you train them with treats. They can also learn to use a litter box, which is extremely helpful if you want your Rhinelander Rabbit to play in a larger room.

Grooming ✂️

These rabbits have minimal grooming needs. Their hair grows relatively short, so they don’t require much brushing. Brushing every other week with a slicker brush can help smooth out tangles and remove dead hair from their coats. Rhinelander Rabbits will also require plenty of safe objects to chew and gnaw on to keep their teeth at a healthy length.

Make sure to check your rabbit’s bottom regularly for signs of fly strike. Rabbits that play outside regularly are more susceptible to fly strike. Regularly cleaning and maintaining their hutches and living spaces will prevent many diseases and illnesses, like urinary tract infections, encephalitozoonosis, and respiratory issues.

Lifespan and Health Conditions 🏥

Rhinelander Rabbits are a generally healthy breed. However, unethical breeding practices include inbreeding, which can cause a variety of health issues. So, make sure to only purchase a rabbit from a reputable breeder that has an ethical breeding program.

Minor Conditions
  • Ear mites
  • Malocclusion

Serious Conditions
  • Fly strike
  • GI stasis


Male vs Female

There isn’t any substantial evidence of differences in behavior between male and female Rhinelander Rabbits. They may differ slightly in size, with males being a little larger than females.

You may notice more significant differences between rabbits that are intact and rabbits that have been spayed or neutered. Rabbits can get very territorial, so they may act more aggressively, especially if they’re living with other rabbits in small spaces.

3 Little-Known Facts About Rhinelander Rabbits

1. Rhinelander Rabbits vary in size.

The breed standards for Rhinelander Rabbits in the US and Europe vary. This is due to the introduction of various rabbit breeds into the Rhinelander Rabbit population to preserve the breed and prevent inbreeding. In general, the standard weight range for American-bred Rhinelander Rabbits is 7–10 pounds, while the British standard has a slightly wider range of 6–10 pounds.

2. Rhinelander Rabbits are mistaken for Checkered Giant Rabbits.

Due to their size and markings, Rhinelander Rabbits and Checkered Giant Rabbits are often mistaken for each other. However, they’re distinct rabbit breeds. Checkered Giant Rabbits tend to grow a little larger than Rhinelander Rabbits, and they come in just two coat varieties: black and blue.

Rhinelander Rabbits have a butterfly-shaped marking on their nose and upper jaw. They can also have a combination of spots, including black and yellow, blue and fawn, and black and orange.

3. Rhinelander Rabbits are on the Conservation Priority List

As we’ve mentioned before, Rhinelander Rabbits are rare, and they’re also on the Livestock Conservancy’s Conservation Priority List. They’re listed under the “watch” category, and the current population estimation is about 2,000 Rhinelander Rabbits worldwide.

Rhinelander Rabbit
Rhinelander (Image By: Rabbit Mage, Wikimedia Commons CC 2.5 Generic)


Final Thoughts

Life truly becomes more delightful when a Rhinelander Rabbit is in the picture. They’re friendly and loving pets, and their playful energy makes them fun to be around. While Rhinelander Rabbits are still quite rare, they’re a healthy breed that’s capable of living a relatively long number of years. So, we look forward to seeing more of them appear as breeders continue to work to protect and grow their numbers.

Featured Image Credit: Beachbird, Shutterstock

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