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Home > Dogs > How Much Does a Samoyed Weigh? With Growth Chart (Vet Approved)

How Much Does a Samoyed Weigh? With Growth Chart (Vet Approved)

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Dr. Alice Athow-Frost

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Samoyeds are medium-sized dogs that originated in Siberia, Russia. They were bred to pull sleds and, as such, are muscular and hard-working dogs. As pets, they can suffer separation anxiety and do best living with active owners who are with them most of the time. Better equipped for snowy cold conditions, these pups can find it hard going in hot, sunny climates.

You can expect an adult Samoyed to grow to approximately 22 inches and to weigh up to 60 pounds. Males tend to be bigger and heavier than females. Typically, Samoyeds reach their full size at 12 months of age, but some may take as long as 18 months.

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Samoyed Breed Overview

white Samoyed dog in a beautiful forest
Image Credit: Evgeniia Shikhaleeva, Shutterstock

The Samoyed was bred in Siberia to pull sleds, hunt wild prey, and herd reindeer. They slept with their owners and the family to keep them warm.  This working dog needed stamina and strength to pull sleds, as well as athleticism and a strong work ethic to hunt and herd. They also needed a good temperament so they would respond to handlers and wouldn’t pose a threat to the family.

The most notable characteristic of the Samoyed is its thick, white coat. The coat kept the dogs warm in harsh snowy conditions. As a working breed, the Samoyed does need a reasonable amount of exercise, typically around 1-2 hours  a day. As well as brisk walks, the Sammie will enjoy sledding and other pulling events and can do well in any physical activity.

The Samoyed can suffer separation anxiety, so it may not be the best choice for families that work or are out of the house all day. They also require a lot of grooming, thanks to that luscious, thick double coat.  The breed is considered a good breed for relatively experienced keepers.

Samoyed Size and Growth Chart

The Samoyed is a medium-sized dog that typically reaches full adult size at 12 months, although some will keep growing until they are 18 months. Males grow slightly taller and heavier than females, in most cases, and because they are somewhat prone to obesity, it is important that you stick to a strict feeding schedule and do not overfeed.

Every puppy is different, which means yours may grow more quickly or slowly than other Samoyeds, but below is a chart giving a rough guide to the approximate weight and height your Samoyed should reach at key milestones.

Age Weight Range Height Range
3 months 10–20 pounds 16-21 inches
4 months 15–30 pounds 19-23 inches
5 months 20–35 pounds 21-25 inches
6 months 25–40 pounds 22-26 inches
7 months 25–45 pounds 23-27 inches
8 months 30–50 pounds 24-28 inches
9 months 30–55 pounds 24-29 inches
10 months 35–60 pounds 25-30 inches
11 months 35–60 pounds 25-30 inches
12 months 35–65 pounds 26–31 inches

When Does a Samoyed Stop Growing?

Although every puppy is different and matures at a different rate, most Samoyeds reach their full adult size by the time they reach 12 months. Some may continue to grow until they reach 18 months. If your Sammie continues to put weight on after they reach 12 months, keep an eye on their overall size to ensure that they aren’t putting on too much extra weight.

Samoyed
Image Credit: coolcoolleah, Pixabay

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Factors Affecting the Size of Samoyeds

  • Genetics – The potential size of a dog is, to some extent, determined by the size of its parents, although other factors such as nutrition levels and general health will also play a part.
  • Diet – Diet has an impact on the weight of a dog, but it can also affect their height and length. Deficiencies in the macronutrients such as proteins, fat and carbohydrates, as well as vitamin A, vitamin D, and zinc deficiencies can all cause stunted or suppressed growth.
  • Health – Certain health conditions can also cause stunted growth. Intestinal worms are one of the most common causes of stunted growth in puppies, but other congenital defects can also affect growth rates If the problem is not rectified (if it is rectifiable), normal growth may not resume as your puppy ages, which means it may grow to be smaller than a typical Samoyed. If you are concerned that your puppy isn’t growing at the correct rate, seek advice from your veterinarian.

It is a common myth that having a puppy neutered or spayed can cause stunted growth, but studies do not suggest this is the case. Similarly, moving a puppy onto adult food sooner than advised will likely not lead to slower growth, although it may well mean that your puppy is not getting the essential protein, fats, vitamins and minerals that a young dog needs to grow strong and healthy joints.  Too much exercise can cause joint and muscular problems in a growing puppy by damaging the growth plates.  This can lead to early onset osteo-arthritis and other problems.

Ideal Diet for Maintaining a Healthy Weight

Samoyeds, like any breed, can be given dry, wet, raw, or a combination of these food types, as long as these are balanced, high-quality, complete meals, formulated for the life-stage of the dog. However, Sammies are prone to obesity and can put on excessive weight if they are not given a controlled diet. If feeding dry or wet food, follow the guidelines on the packet. Typically, these advise feeding an amount according to the expected adult weight of a dog and according to the puppy’s age in months. A female Samoyed will normally grow to between  35 to 50 pounds and a male to 45-65 pounds, so use this as a guide.

The breed benefits from high-quality meat protein and can be fed a raw diet, but you need to research the dietary requirements of your pup and ensure you meet these with the food you offer.  If you are feeding a raw diet, make sure you discuss this with your veterinarian first to ensure it is an appropriate diet for your Samoyed.

Samoyed eating
Image Credit: Pixel-Shot, Shutterstock

How to Measure Your Samoyed

Measuring your Samoyed can help track its development and will prove beneficial when calculating food and nutritional values.

The length of a dog is measured from the base of the tail to the base of the neck, or where the neck meets the head. Use a cloth or paper measure and measure the distance in inches. Height is measured from the ground to the withers, which is the highest part of the dog’s shoulders.

To weigh your dog, you can weigh yourself on bathroom scales and then hold the dog and get the total weight. Subtract your weight from the total weight and you are left with the weight of your dog. Your vet will usually have your dog weighed when you visit for a checkup, too, and this may be a more accurate measurement than your bathroom scales offer.

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Conclusion

The Samoyed is a medium-sized working breed that comes from Siberia, where it was bred to pull sleds, hunt, and herd reindeer. As a pet, the Samoyed requires plenty of exercise and a good, healthy diet. It will reach full adult size typically at the age of 12 months, although some pups will keep growing until they reach 18 months.

As well as gender, factors like diet and general health can impact the size your dog will reach. And every dog is different, so while some will naturally grow larger and more quickly, others will grow more slowly and be smaller.  As long as your pup is on good quality food and not over-exercised as a puppy, they should reach their growth potential by 18 months of age.


Featured Image Credit: Chendongshan, Shutterstock

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