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9 Snakes Found in Maine (with Pictures)

Nicole Cosgrove

Around the globe, there are thousands of snake varieties, but there are only nine in Maine. Of the nine snakes, there are no poisonous snakes in Maine, and there is only one type of water snake.

As a result, you’re most likely to find snakes slithering around in the forest, wetlands, or grass. If you stumble upon one, there’s no need to fret since they aren’t venomous. In this article, we are going to learn about the nine snakes found in Maine. Let’s get started.

new snake divider8 Land Snakes in Maine

Lucky for Maine inhabitants, there are eight types of land snakes in this state, but none are venomous. As a result, most of these snakes are small, docile, and pretty to look at. Only one variety is endangered as well.

1.Common Garter Snake

garter snake
Image Credit: tdfugere, Pixabay
Species: Thamnophis sirtalis
Longevity: 4–5 years
Good to own as a pet?: No
Adult size: 22 inches

The Common Garter Snake is the most common snake you can find in Maine. These snakes are found all across North America, and most have yellow stripes on their back, brown, or green background scales. They only grow up to be about 22 inches.

Technically, the Common Garter Snake does have some venom that is fatal to small amphibians and small mammals. If a Common Garter Snake were to bite a human, you might get slight irritation, but nothing more. Luckily, Common Garter Snake are very finicky and not likely to bite humans in the first place.


2. Red-Bellied Snake

red bellied black snake
Image Credit: sandid. Pixabay
Species:  Storeria occipitomaculata
Longevity: 4 years
Good to own as a pet?: No
Adult size: 4–10 inches

As you likely figured from the name of the snake, Red-Bellied Snakes come in many colors, but their stomachs are always red. The rest of their body can range from brown to gray to bright orange. Most will have a brown ring behind its head as well.

You’re most likely to find Red-Bellied Snakes in woodland habitats. Even though they are common in Maine, you will have to look a bit to find one of these snakes since they are secretive and like to hide. Interesting enough, Red-Bellied Snakes can be found in every state in the Eastern United States except for peninsular Florida.


3. Smooth Green Snake

Smooth Green Snake
Image Credit: Kristian Bell, Shutterstock
Species:  Opheodrys vernalis
Longevity: 5–6 years
Good to own as a pet?: Yes
Adult size: 14–20 inches

The Smooth Green Snake is a very gentle and striking snake. It is completely light green, which makes it very nice to look at. At the same time, these snakes are very docile, which makes them common pets. Most likely, Smooth Green Snakes are so docile because their main form of protection is their camouflaged green scales.

Unlike certain species of snakes, Smooth Green Snake can be found in a variety of different habitats. You can look in open woods, meadows, marshes, and streams for these varieties, but they prefer to be in open areas on the ground. You can even keep on as a pet if you’d like!


4. Milk Snake

milk snake
Image Credit: reptiles4all, Shutterstock
Species:  Lampropeltis triangulum
Longevity: 15 years
Good to own as a pet?: No
Adult size: 24–52 inches

If you assumed that the Milk Snake is a white or cream color, you are wrong. Milk Snakes typically have a gray base, but they also have red or reddish-brown patterns all over their body. At the same time, their belly has a black and white checkerboard pattern. Another unique feature about this snakes’ appearance is its Y-shaped spot on its head.

Milk Snakes are often confused for Rattlesnakes and Copperheads, but they are not venomous. More so, Milk Snakes shake their tails much like Rattlesnakes. As a result, many people see the Milk Snake in Maine and assume that the state is home to venomous varieties.


5. Brown Snake

large brown snake
Image Credit: Pixabay
Species: Pseudonaja textilis
Longevity: 7 years
Good to own as a pet?: Yes
Adult size: 10–21 inches

Brown Snakes are very small and cute looking creatures. Most often, these snakes are brown, but they can also be red, yellow, or gray. Brown Snakes also frequently come with two rows of dark spots along their back. Sometimes, these spots are even linked. Brown snakes are often mistaken for Red-Bellied Snakes, but they lack the red belly.

Brown Snakes can be found all throughout the Eastern United States except for Georgia and Florida. They prefer woodland habitats, but they frequent residential areas as well. It is for this reason that Brown Snakes are often called the “City Snake.” They often try to hide under debris and other items in the city and forest alike.


6. Ribbon Snake

western ribbon snake
Image Credit: Mike Wilhelm, Shutterstock
Species:  Thamnophis saurita
Longevity: 3 years
Good to own as a pet?: Yes
Adult size: 16–35 inches

The Ribbon Snake is technically a type of Garter snake, but it is different from the Common Garter. These snakes are very skinny but can grow to be 35 inches long. They have dark brown bodies with yellow stripes, almost like a ribbon.

Unlike with other snakes, you can spot the males from the females by looking at their size. The female Ribbon Snakes tend to be much thicker than the males, but this is the only visual difference between the two sexes. Ribbon Snakes often like to hang out in wet areas, such as streams, lakes, marshes, and woodlands.


7. Northern Black Racer Snake

Northern black racer snake
Image Credit: Jeff Holcombe, Shutterstock
Species:  Coluber constrictor constrictor
Longevity: Unknown
Good to own as a pet?: No
Adult size: 36–60 inches

The Northern Black Racer Snake is the only endangered snake in Maine. If you were to stumble upon this snake in the wild, you would likely think that it is very dangerous because of its dark appearance. The Northern Black Racer Snake is almost exclusively black with a lighter colored underbelly.

You can mostly find Northern Black Racer Snake in the southwestern tip of the state. There, they are often found in a variety of habitats, ranging from open grasslands to rocky ridges to cityscapes. These snakes have been endangered in the state of Maine since 1986.

divider-snake1 Water Snake in Maine

Even though Maine has many bodies of water, there is only one type of water snake in the state. This snake is not venomous either.

9. Northern Water Snake

Species:  Nerodia sipedon
Longevity: 9 years
Good to own as a pet?: No
Adult size: 24–54 inches

The Northern Water Snake is one of the most easily found water snakes throughout the entire country. Their bodies can look very different, but the most common shades include tan, buff, grey, and brown. Juvenile snakes tend to be much brighter than the adult ones.

Because Northern Water Snakes have dark bands, they are often mistaken for Cottonmouths or Copperheads. However, these snakes are not venomous, but they will flatten out their bodies and bite if provoked. So, it’s best to leave these snakes alone, though they won’t cause any real damage.

new snake dividerConclusion

Even though snakes can be a bit scary, there’s no need to fear the snakes found in Maine. The nine snakes native to Maine are not venomous and pretty docile. As a result, it’s a great idea to go out and look for one of these snakes to experience the nature that Maine provides.

Keep in mind that you should not provoke these snakes even though they are not venomous. These snakes can still bite, which will be painful just not fatal. Plus, there’s no point in stressing or disturbing them.


Featured Image Credit: Pixabay

Nicole Cosgrove

Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts' knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.