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Home > Cats > What Breed Is My Cat? Identification Guide (With Infographics)

What Breed Is My Cat? Identification Guide (With Infographics)

woman lying on the bed and cuddling her soft beautiful cat

Have you ever looked at your furry friend lounging in the sun and wondered, “What breed is my cat anyway?” If so, you’re not alone. Cat breeds can be as mysterious as their personalities. But worry not! You’re about to embark on a journey to unravel the feline enigma that is your cat’s breed.


How Do I Tell What Breed My Cat Is?

Fur patterns and eye colors not only make your cat unique, but they can also serve to identify its breed.

But before we get into all that, it’s worth mentioning why breed identification might be more than a casual curiosity. Perhaps most importantly, understanding your cat’s breed can help you cater to its specific health and behavioral needs.

The Art of Fur Pattern Identification

tabby cat indentification
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Let’s turn our focus to fur, shall we? When seeking to decipher your cat’s breed, fur patterns serve as an excellent starting point. Let’s examine each possible color.

Tabby Cats

The ever-ubiquitous Tabby is practically the Jane Doe of the feline world, yet there’s nothing ordinary about them. The term “Tabby” encompasses a broad palette of varieties. As such, we need to break down each variation.

Classic Tabby: You can’t go wrong with the classics, so that’s where we’ll start. The Classic Tabby is identifiable by swirling patterns on its sides. The design is symmetrical and tends to create an impression of care and precision.

Mackerel Tabby: Distinct rings around the legs and tail set the Mackerel Tabby apart. This pattern gives the cat the appearance of wearing banded leggings and tail sleeves.

Spotted Tabby: Variations in spot size distinguish the Spotted Tabby. While some spots are small and closely clustered, others may be larger and more dispersed.

Patched Tabby: Dark patches mixed with red or orange spots give the Patched Tabby its name. The juxtaposition of these patches provides a unique, contrasting appearance.

Ticked Tabby: The Ticked Tabby is often not identified as a Tabby pattern at all due to its agouti coat. However, a signature “M” on the forehead places it firmly in the Tabby category.

Solid, Bicolor, Tricolor, and Colorpoint Cats

Fur color patterns
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Solid-colored cats possess a single, uniform fur color. The fur is consistent in hue from tip to root, lending the cat a dignified, understated appearance. Bicolored cats, on the other hand, boast a two-tone coat, typically comprising white and another color.

The coat shows an even distribution of these colors, providing a sense of balance and harmony. And then there’s tricolored or tortoiseshell. These cats combine two primary colors, generally black and red.

Some variants introduce additional colors, such as cream or blue. Tricolor cats go a step further by incorporating white into the mix. These are generally Calicos. Lastly, the colorpoint pattern features a lighter body color with a contrasting darker color on the face, paws, and tail. While rare, many Ragdolls, Siamese, and Himalayan cats are colorpoints.

That’s fur pattern identification done right. Armed with this knowledge, you’re one step closer to unlocking the mysteries of your cat’s lineage. Of course, fur color isn’t the only metric you can use. Let’s proceed past color and look into length.


The Role of Fur Length in Cat Identification

fur length infographic
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When it comes to identifying your feline’s origins, fur length is more than just a superficial characteristic. It’s a calling card of sorts for the breed and, perhaps, a lifestyle indicator for you, the owner.

Long-Haired Cats

Long-haired cats are typically high maintenance. But you’re not just taking care of a pet; you’re managing a fabulous mane that requires regular grooming.

Combing, detangling, and occasional trims aren’t just suggested; they’re mandatory tasks on your fur baby’s beauty regimen. The coat serves dual purposes: it’s stunning to look at but also works full-time as a dirt and debris magnet.

Medium-Haired Cats

Medium-haired cats strike a perfect balance between the luxe long hair and the no-nonsense short hair. Their fur is moderately fluffy, giving them an approachable yet slightly mysterious vibe.

While you’ll still need to whip out that comb once in a while, medium-hair maintenance is a bit more forgiving. They give you that feeling of luxuriousness without a packed grooming schedule.

Short-Haired Cats

For the individual who doesn’t want to spend their weekends navigating a fur labyrinth, the short-haired cat is the equivalent of a wash-and-go hairstyle. Their coats seldom exceed 1.5 inches in length, making them the go-to choice for those who appreciate minimalism and functionality.

Curly-Haired and Hairless Cats

And let’s not overlook the outliers, the curly-haired and hairless breeds. Far from mere footnotes in the world of feline fur, these cats offer something genuinely different. Curly-haired cats boast curls that give them an idiosyncratic yet endearing look. Think, the Devon Rex, for example.

Hairless cats, however, break all the rules. No fur? No problem. They stand out, demand attention, and get it. They may not contribute much to a discussion on fur length, but they’re high on the list when it comes to distinctive, easily identifiable breeds. If you’ve seen a Sphynx, you’ve seen a hairless breed.


Eye Shape, Color, and Ears: More Than Meets the Eye

Did you know that a cat’s eye shape and color can reveal bits about its breed? For example, heterochromia—two different eye colors—is specific to certain breeds. Similarly, some breeds are known for their unique ear shapes, such as the curled ears of the American Curl or the folded ears of the Scottish Fold.

Personality Traits: Nature or Nurture?

While it might be tough to pinpoint a breed based on temperament alone, certain breeds are renowned for specific personality traits. Siamese cats are vocal, Maine Coons are friendly, and Persians are typically laid-back.

Of course, it’s entirely possible for a cat to possess all three of these traits (and more) and not be any of the examples above. If you feel like you’ve exhausted all breed identification metrics, it might be time for the ultimate tool…

The Gold Standard: DNA Testing

If you’re still puzzled after observing your cat’s fur, eyes, and behavior, it might be time to consider DNA testing. A comprehensive DNA test can not only help identify your cat’s breed but also offer insights into any predisposed health conditions.

And at the end of the day, that’s what matters more than anything. You want to provide the best care possible to your feline friend. DNA testing can present the answers you need to do just that.


Care Tips for a Healthy and Happy Cat

care tips
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In the realm of pet care, keeping your cat both healthy and content isn’t just a matter of pouring some kibble into a bowl and calling it a day. The route to feline euphoria and well-being is a bit more nuanced. Observe:


The kind of chow you provide isn’t just a meal; it’s essentially your cat’s performance fuel. Selecting a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients can make a significant difference in your pet’s overall well-being.


Think of exercise as your cat’s daily workout regime. It’s non-negotiable. Whether via laser pointer or walks, physical activity is essential for your feline’s mental and physical health. Regular exercise can help prevent weight gain and alleviate stress.


Hydration is often the unsung hero in feline health. A well-hydrated cat is a healthy cat. Some cats can be notoriously fussy about drinking water, so you might want to invest in a water fountain designed for cats.


Depending on your cat’s fur length, grooming can range from a weekly chore to an almost daily task. Either way, it’s a must. Regular grooming can prevent mats, reduce shedding, and allow you to check for signs of skin issues or parasites.

Regular Vet Visits

Ahh, the dreaded vet trip. While it might not be your cat’s favorite destination, it’s an essential one. Regular vet checkups allow for early detection of potential health problems, making them easier and less costly to treat.

Social Interaction

While cats are often seen as aloof or independent, social interaction is crucial for their emotional well-being. This could mean playtime with you, cuddles on the couch, or even interaction with other pets in the household.

Think of these tips as your roadmap to a healthier, happier feline companion. It’s a blend of science, common sense, and a whole lot of love. Together, you’ve got a recipe for one fantastic feline.



At the end of the day, your love for your cat isn’t confined to a breed standard. But with just the right amount of breed-specific knowledge, you can enhance your mutual understanding and make the bond even stronger.

Remember, if you’re not sure about breed-specific care needs, don’t hesitate to get in contact with your vet. They can tailor a care plan that’s designed solely for your feline friend.

Featured Image Credit: Stock-Asso, Shutterstock

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