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What Is the Average Labrador Retriever Lifespan?

chocolate labrador retriver sitting on grass

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When you hear the breed Labrador Retriever, you probably picture a friendly face with a happy, wagging “otter tail” and big, strong paws that like to dig and swim. In popular art, you can often find paintings of a cheerful chocolate or yellow Labrador hanging out of a Christmas stocking or sticking their head out of the window of a red truck.

The lab as they’re affectionately called, makes a great family dog and is almost the perfect picture of friendship. Like similar bigger dogs, labs may not live as long as some smaller dogs and are usually with us for only 10-12 years on average. However, proper diet and care may prolong your pet’s lifespan.

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What’s the Average Lifespan of a Labrador Retriever?

close up of labrador retriever
Image Credit: Chiemsee2016, Pixabay

The average life expectancy of a Labrador retriever is only 10-12 years. While this is average for most dogs, it’s not as long as some small breeds such as the Chihuahua who may see two decades of life. Purebred Labs can have even shorter life spans because some genetic conditions may be inherited from a small gene pool.

Thus, buying a purebred from a breeder who conducts DNA testing before planning a litter of pups or adopting a Labrador mix may result in a longer lifespan if you’re still searching for a dog of your own. If you already have your Labrador, thankfully, there are some things you can do to help extend their life.

Why Do Some Labrador Retrievers Live Longer Than Others?

Nutrition

Dog food is formulated based on age and size rather than breed, and every dog needs protein, fat, and carbs in their diet. If you can afford high quality, grain-inclusive, non-raw dog food and keep your furry friend in lean body condition with a slightly calorie-restricted diet, then this may help lead to a longer life. Talk to your vet about finding the best food for your pup.

Environment and Conditions

Labradors require bounds of energy. They particularly like to run, swim, and play fetch. If you’re planning on adopting a lab into your family, make sure you carve out time for their favorite activities and either have a yard or dog park nearby. While they would love to be your best friend, this breed won’t be content sitting around on the sofa all day. They’ll quickly become bored, and dogs with nothing to do can become destructive.

Size

labrador retriever dogs in the grass
Image Credit: Rosa Jay, Shutterstock

Larger sized dogs tend to have shorter life spans than small dogs. Their daily activities can cause stress on their joints over time and labs are particularly prone to hip dysplasia. Make sure your Labrador ingests a substantial amount of Omega 3’s and Vitamin D to support their bones and joints as they age, but don’t overdo it. Vitamin D has its benefits but can be lethal to dogs in high doses. Always talk to your vet before putting your dog on any new regimen, and only give them supplements that are formulated for dogs as human vitamins may contain harmful ingredients.

Sex

If you’ve already chosen a name for Skipper or Sandy, rest assured that gender doesn’t play into a Labrador’s life expectancy. Both males and females live for an average of 12 years.

Genes

Like many large dog breeds, Labrador Retrievers are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, heart disorders, and progressive retinal atrophy, to name a few conditions. Talk to your vet about what you can do to mitigate this.

Breeding History

The breeding heritage of the Labrador Retriever goes all the way back to the 1830s when St. John’s Dog, a breed of water dog from Newfoundland that’s now extinct, was bred with British retrievers to create the modern Lab. Today, the Labrador Retriever remains one of America’s most popular dog breeds.

However, improper breeding practices with your current dog or in the dog’s past may result in a shorter lifespan. Plus, genetic mutations and diseases passed along to your dog through their ancestors can result in a shorter life. That’s why it’s important to know where your dog came from and get health records for your dog and its ancestors from the breeder.

Healthcare

vet checking up labrador dog
Image Credit: SeventyFour, Shutterstock

Taking your lab to the vet at least once a year for a routine check-up helps keep their health in good standing as they age. Recognizing key signs of conditions that can particularly affect Labradors may also help you monitor your dog’s overall well-being.

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The Four Life Stages of a Labrador Retriever

Puppy

Labrador retrievers are cute pups that don’t stay small for long. They’re only in the rapidly growing puppy stage for about 9 months. During that time, they’ll need proper training to teach them what’s appropriate to chew. Labradors are avid chewers that will make a snack out of a pair of slippers if you’re not careful.

Young Adult

Between one and two years old, your puppy will mature into the young adult stage. At this time, they’ll stop growing taller, but they’ll begin to put some more meat on their bones and may grow out of that floppy puppy gait. If they’re not spayed or neutered, this is also the time your pup will reach sexual maturity and will be capable of reproduction.

Mature Adult

Welcome to adulthood! Your Labrador has survived the mischievous days of its puppyhood and the hyper, rambunctious days of its youth. The Lab is fully grown around 2 years old and will be considered a mature adult until they become a senior around ages 7 or 10.

Senior

old black labrador retriever dog lying outdoor
Image Credit: AlkeMade, Pixabay

Sometime between ages 7 and 10, you’ll notice the fur around your Lab’s muzzle turning gray and their steps slowing down a few paces. Although they’ll still probably want to play with you, your Lab might not be as energetic as they used to be. You and your dog can enjoy their senior years by being close companions, taking walks together, and savoring each other’s company.

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Conclusion

There’s not a more American dog than the Labrador Retriever—even if they originated in Newfoundland. This charismatic breed has woven its way into our hearts and homes, gracing us with love for their 10-12 years of life. Making sure your Labrador has the essential components necessary for health, such as proper diet, exercise, and plenty of attention, will help them live their best life for as long as possible.


Featured Image Credit: Zontica, Shutterstock

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