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Why Is My Dog Pacing? 11 Potential Reasons and How to Stop It

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Like people, dogs can pace back and forth for various reasons. Sometimes, these reasons are not causes for concern. Other times, your dog could be trying to tell you that something is wrong. How do you know the difference? You know your dog the best, so if you notice this behavior, you might be able to instantly recognize what they’re trying to say. It may not always be so obvious, though. If the pacing is accompanied by a loss of appetite, whining that won’t stop, excessive thirst, or anything else that’s unusual, speak with your vet to find out the next steps that you should take.

Here are 11 common reasons that dogs pace and what you can do to help them stop.

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11 Reasons That Dogs Pace:

1. Anxiety

Portuguese Water Dogs
Image Credit: slipschutz, Pixabay

Anxiety in your dog can include feelings of fear, worry, and stress. The most common cause is separation anxiety. Dogs will pace because of this when left alone or even when their owner leaves the room and other people remain. Dogs that are attached to their owners can have severe separation anxiety. Past trauma can make it difficult for your dog to relax. If they’ve had unpleasant experiences, the pacing is a way to work off their nervous energy. You may also notice your dog pacing when loud noises occur, like yelling, thunder, and fireworks.

If your dog is pacing because of anxiety, try to find the source of it. If it’s loud noises, calm your dog by turning down the radio or television and moving to the quietest part of the house. Pull the curtains closed, and let your dog know you’re there with them.

Medication can be prescribed by your vet to help your dog stay calm. In addition, sprays and calming chews can be purchased over the counter to provide a relaxing feeling. Professional dog trainers and behaviorists can also work with your dog and show you ways to help ease their stress.


2. Boredom

Pacing can occur when your dog simply doesn’t know what to do with themselves. Just as physical exercise will tire your dog’s body, mental stimulation will tire their mind. If they can’t seem to relax, they could just be bored.

Walks do more for your dog than just give them a potty break. They’re taking in sights, smells, and sounds that engage them and tire them out at the same time. When you’re on a walk with your dog, let them leisurely explore their surroundings. Chasing a ball or toy will also give them something to focus on and think about, so when they return home, their boredom has been alleviated.


3. They’re Searching for Something

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Image Credit: acceptphoto, Shutterstock

A toy, ball, bone, or treat — sometimes dogs can forget where they left these valued items. Pacing that doesn’t stop can follow suit as your dog searches for what they lost. If you notice that the pacing is occurring because your dog no longer has their favorite item, you can search for it with them and have a better chance of finding it. Look under and behind furniture. Usually, the retrieval of this object puts an end to the pacing.


4. They Want Attention

Dogs pace to let you know that they want something. What that is can be harder to figure out. If you notice your dog wandering aimlessly around the house, see if giving them attention puts a stop to it. They could also be trying to tell you that they need to go outside. A potty break and some affection should put a stop to this.


5. Dementia

jack russel terrier in the grass
Image Credit: Reddogs, Shutterstock

This degenerative disease affects older dogs and is known formally as canine cognitive dysfunction. Dogs can become confused and disoriented and pace because they don’t know what else to do. Pacing with this disease usually occurs at night, after everyone in the house has gone to bed. The dog doesn’t understand where everyone went and can pace to try to find them. Pacing can also be accompanied by staring at the wall, excessive licking (either themselves, you, or objects in the home), and apparent confusion. There’s no cure for this disease, but there are things that you can do to manage it. If your dog starts pacing, try to redirect them toward an activity. Going for a walk or playing with toys or treat puzzles are ways to get your dog to focus on something instead of pacing.


6. Vision Changes

Dogs can encounter changes in their vision over their lifetime. If their sight is failing due to age or disease, this can be scary and confusing for them. Being nervous about this change can start pacing because of anxiety. They may also pace to reassure themselves that they know and remember the layout of the house.

If your dog is losing their eyesight, the most helpful thing that you can do is not move anything around in the house. Furniture, food and water bowls, and their bed should all stay where they are so your dog is comfortable and knows how to move around every day. They’ll be less likely to pace if they feel familiar with their surroundings.


7. They’re in Pain

German shorthaired dog on the lawn
Image Credit: MVolodymyr, Shutterstock

Arthritis, pulled muscles, and joint conditions can cause extreme levels of discomfort and pain in your dog. They may be pacing because they can’t get comfortable by lying down or sitting still. Older dogs can experience arthritis as part of aging, but it’s less common in younger dogs. If your young dog is in pain, try to pinpoint why. A pulled muscle or leg injury will usually cause limping. It’s common for dogs to injure themselves while running and playing.

Have your dog seen by a veterinarian who can perform a physical examination and perhaps an X-ray or other tests. Medication can be prescribed to manage the pain. A bed for arthritic dogs will also help provide more comfort, making them less likely to pace.


8. They’re Excited

Dogs are full of energy when they’re excited. Pacing is a way to release that energy. If your dog knows that they’re about to go for a walk, go in the car, or play, they can start pacing out of sheer joy. If you’re greeted at the door when you come home by a dog that starts the parade around the house, they’re letting you know how happy they are to see you again. This pacing should stop when the dog gets what they want, like playtime outside or hanging out next to you in the living room.


9. They Detect Something

Catalan Sheepdog outdoors
Image Credit: Anne Zwagers, Shutterstock

A dog’s senses are remarkable. They can hear and smell things that we cannot. Dogs can sometimes bolt from a relaxed position — even sleeping — to start pacing around the house in no time. If they’ve detected something, like a strange sound or odor, they will try to find its source. Pacing, sniffing the ground, and staring off in the distance to try to locate what they want to find are all signs that your dog is aware of something that you’re not.

If you become aware of what your dog is noticing, it’s easy to see why they’re pacing. Noises outside, a dog barking, or a car backfiring can send your dog on a quest to find the cause of the commotion. Once things settle down, your dog should too.


10. They’re Hungry

A dog can pace to let you know that it’s dinnertime. If you notice your dog pacing and searching the floor, they may be looking for crumbs or scraps of food. Check to make sure you didn’t miss a mealtime! Dogs also hide treats and bones, storing them for later. Pacing while looking for something might mean your dog is searching for a snack that they’ve hidden but can’t remember where.


11. They’re New

frisian water dog walking_Marjoleine Roosendaal_Pixabay
Image Credit: Marjoleine Roosendaal, Pixabay

Did you just bring your dog home for the first time? Did you just move residences and your dog is in a new home with you? The pacing is normal in these situations because your dog has no idea where they are! They’re taking in all the new sights and smells and learning the layout of the place. They may also feel a little anxiety, which can lead to more pacing while they familiarize themselves. Once they feel comfortable in their new home, the pacing should stop.

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Conclusion

While it can be frustrating to see your dog pacing and not know why, know that they do have a reason for this behavior. We hope our list has given you a few reasons that your own dog may be acting this way and what you can do to stop it.

Finding the right answer to this is important, especially if its cause is a medical condition. Mention any strange behavior to your vet so the correct diagnosis and treatment plan can be made. Medications are available for dogs that are in pain. There are also treatments for dogs suffering from anxiety. Regular trips to your vet will also keep you aware of the state of your dog’s health in the future.


Featured Image Credit: Nick Chase 68, Shutterstock

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