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Why Won’t My Dog Poop? (15 Possible Reasons)

Dog Pooping

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Dr. Nia Perkins

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You can’t own a dog without also dealing with poop. But what happens if your dog stops pooping? Constipation can be quite uncomfortable and frustrating, but it can also become an emergency if it goes on for too long.

Treating constipation is important, but it’s also essential to know how it happened in the first place. Hydration, diet, and exercise levels are factors that can lead to constipation. Once you know what’s caused it, you will know how to prevent or reduce the occurence in the future.

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Top 15 Reasons Why My Dog Won’t Poop

1. Too Much Fiber

black dog eating Nom Nom
Image Credit: Nom Nom

This is exactly how it sounds. If a dog eats too much fiber, it can cause constipation. This can occur from eating low-quality dog food and being fed table scraps too often.


2. Not Enough Fiber

Constipation can also occur when dogs aren’t given enough fiber. This can be caused by a diet of low-quality dog food that is too low in fiber. This showcases why feeding your dog high-quality food is essential, as it’s a delicate balance.


3. Swallowed Foreign Material

Siberian husky dog puppy eating a meat
Image Credit: Tati argent, Shutterstock

Sometimes dogs eat things that they shouldn’t. Indigestible material such as bones, hair, sticks, rocks, and dirt can all lead to obstructing your dog’s poop. This can also occur if your dog eats a toy. Sometimes surgery is necessary to remove the foreign object.


4. Change in Diet

If you’ve changed your dog’s food too rapidly or they’ve eaten something new, this can affect your dog’s poop. When you want to introduce new food to your dog, it needs to be done gradually by adding a small amount of the new food to the old every day. The amount of new food is slowly increased until the old food is completely phased out.


5. Not Enough Water

dog drinking water
Image Credit: Zivica Kerkez, Shutterstock

Not enough water in your dog’s system can lead to drier poop, which will be harder to pass. Always ensure that your pup has constant access to clean and fresh water. The water bowl should always be cleaned and filled with fresh water every day. It should be located where your dog can always get to it.


6. Not Enough Exercise

A lack of exercise can cause your dog’s system to slow down, and this can lead to irregular bowel movements. Playtime and regular walks can help stimulate the colon, which can keep constipation away.


7. Change in Routine

sick australian shepherd dog lying on grass
Image Credit: EvitaS, Pixabay

Dogs are highly sensitive to change, and if their usual routine has changed recently, this can lead to irregular bowel movements. Try to go back to the previous routine, and if this isn’t possible, establish a new routine with a consistent walk and meal schedule.


8. Stress and Fear

Fear, anxiety, and stress can occur when your dog starts to associate negative things with their regular bathroom break. For example, some dogs might develop a fear of grass or rain, and thus avoid pooping outside. You’ll need to consider desensitization training and speak to your vet for help in this area.


9. Neurological Disorder

sick dog
Image Credit: Christin Lola, Shuuterstock

Dogs that have drooping tails or pain and weakness in their hindquarters might be suffering from a neurological disorder. They might find eliminating difficult or painful, so you should seek your vet’s help immediately.


10. Medication

Some medications can cause constipation. Diuretics, antihistamines, sucralfate, and narcotic pain relievers are all known to potentially cause this issue.


11. Behavioral Issue

hungarian vizsla dog poops in the green park
Image Credit: SasaStock, Shutterstock

Sometimes, constipation can result if a dog just holds their poop in for too long. For example, dogs that want to prolong their time outside or because their usual spot has changed in some way. They may not go even when they feel the urge to. Try to keep your pup on a regular routine and location, or try a new location if the old one has developed distractions or stressors.


12. Physical Pain and Lack of Access

Anything that can cause your dog pain while trying to poop, can lead to them avoiding it altogether. This can lead to constipation. Conditions like arthritis or a pelvic injury that makes squatting difficult or painful can make your dog unwilling to defecate.


13. Conditions Affecting the Colon

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Image Credit: didesign021, Shutterstock

Certain diseases can affect the colon, which can lead to bowel irregularities. Specifically, megacolon, which is an enlarged colon, can lead to severe constipation. Signs can also be hard and dry poop, weight loss, ragged coat, occasional vomiting, and dehydration.


14. Tumors

Tumors or some kind of mass inside or next to the rectum, can block the feces and develop into an obstruction. These usually need to be removed through surgery.


15. Hormonal Diseases

sick australian shepherd dog
Image Credit: Irini Adler, Pixabay

Certain hormonal diseases can also lead to constipation, such as hyperparathyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The underlying issues need to be treated in order to also treat the constipation.

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Symptoms of Constipation

You need to be sure that your dog is experiencing constipation and not another issue like urinary tract disease, which can sometimes seem like constipation.

Common signs of constipation include:
  • Straining to poop with little to no success
  • Hard and dry feces
  • Small amount of liquid poop with mucus and sometimes blood (after straining to poop for a while)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Occasional vomiting
  • Depression
  • Swelling of the rectum
  • Vocalizing and obvious signs of pain while pooping

Most dogs poop at least once a day, but when your dog has gone over 48 hours without defecating, you should call your vet. Typically, constipation isn’t too serious, and you can treat it at home, but there could be a more severe underlying health issue.

For this reason, it’s usually best to take your dog to the vet just to ensure that there isn’t anything seriously wrong with them and to find out what the best treatment options are.

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Treating Constipation

vet hand's holding injection for dog
Image Credit: Photographee, Shutterstock

Treatment will entirely depend on what’s causing the constipation. If it’s stemming from another health issue, your veterinarian will start by treating that condition and then the constipation.

Pumpkin

If it’s a dietary or less serious issue, a common treatment is giving your dog canned pumpkin. Pumpkin is high in fiber and safe for dogs — as long as it’s only pumpkin, with no other added ingredients, like sugar or spices.

You can typically find it in the baking aisle of your local grocery store. Just mix a portion into your dog’s food, or even give it to your pup directly off a spoon.

Be sure you have your veterinarian’s approval before doing any treatment. The last thing that you want to do is give your dog anything high fiber when too much fiber is what’s causing their constipation in the first place!

Stool Softener

You’ll need to speak to your vet before doing a treatment like this one, but some dogs can take human stool softeners. This needs to be addressed by your veterinarian because they might prescribe one for you or tell you that it’s okay to use one that you can pick up in the drug store.

Prescription Dog Food

Several prescription dog foods address constipation through high-fiber ingredients. This can be helpful, particularly if your dog seems prone to the condition. You will need a prescription from your vet for this kind of food, though, and it can be a little pricey.

Enema

This treatment is only done by veterinarians because it can be dangerous, even fatal, for your dog if you try it yourself. Enemas are only done if nothing else has worked or if the constipation is severe.

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Conclusion

If you’re in doubt or if the constipation seems serious, don’t hesitate to bring your dog to the vet! Constipation itself can be problematic, but it could be caused by an even more dangerous health condition.

You know your dog best, so it won’t take you long to figure out when something’s wrong. In general, a healthy and high-quality diet, plenty of exercise, and annual visits to your vet should all help keep constipation away.

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Featured Image Credit: Pezibear, Pixabay

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