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The Yorkie Russell is a mixed dog the result of crossing a Jack Russell Terrier and a Yorkshire Terrier. He is a small cross breed with a life span of 12 to 16 years. He is a sweet dog with lots of energy but he can be vocal so be prepared!
|Here is the Yorkie Russell at a Glance|
|Average height||Up to 12 inches|
|Average weight||6 to 12 pounds|
|Coat type||Long, silky, smooth, straight|
|Tolerant to Solitude?||Moderate|
|Barking||Occasional to frequent|
|Tolerance to Heat||Good|
|Tolerance to Cold||Good|
|Good Family Pet?||Good to very good|
|Good with Children?||Good with socialization, better with older children|
|Good with other Dogs?||Good with socialization, needs supervision with larger dogs|
|Good with other Pets?||Good with socialization, can see them as prey to chase|
|A roamer or Wanderer?||Above average|
|A Good Apartment Dweller?||Very good|
|Good Pet for new Owner?||Good|
|Exercise Needs||Somewhat active|
|Tendency to get Fat||Average|
|Major Health Concerns||Patellar Luxation, Eye problems, PSS, Hypoglycemia, Collapsed Trachea, Legg-Calve-Perthes, Deafness,|
|Other Health Concerns||Reverse sneezing, dental problems|
|Life Span||12 to 16 years|
|Average new Puppy Price||$200 to $600|
|Average Annual Medical Expense||$435 to $535|
|Average Annual Non-Medical Expense||$530 to $630|
Where does the Yorkie Russell come from?
The Yorkie Russell is one of the more recent additions to the many different designer dogs there are today. Over the last 30 years or so there has been a very large increase in the number of designer dogs there are and in their popularity. A designer dog is most often a dog who has two purebred parents and a name that is a blend of their parents’ names. Because of the popularity many of these dogs have some quite high prices are being charged making it a profitable business. Sadly that has attracted puppy mills and bad breeders who have no care about what dogs they are breeding and what happens to unwanted puppies. Take care who you buy from.
We do not know anything about who, where or why the Yorkie Russell was bred so to get a better feel for him we look at his parents. Keep in mind anything could go into he mix, breeders like to promise the best of both purebreds but in fact that cannot be guaranteed.
The Yorkshire Terrier
In England in the mid 19th century Scottish workers came looking for work in Yorkshire bringing with them a dog called the Paisley Terrier or Clydesdale Terrier. They were used for catching rats and mice around the mills. These were crossed with other terriers and in 1861 we see the first Yorkshire Terrier in a show called a broken haired Scotch Terrier. In 1870 they started to refer to them as Yorkshire Terriers because that is where most of the breeding and development had happened. In America the earliest record of one being born there is in 1872.
Today the Yorkie as they are often referred to is a confident and clever small dog with quite an intrepid spirit. They can have a range of personalities, some are more cuddly, some are more active, some are mischievous. One thing most Yorkies have in common though is if you spoil them too much they can become quite a handful!
The Jack Russell Terrier
In the mid 1800s the Jack Russell Terrier was developed in the South of England by Parson Russell who wanted to create a working dog who could work with hounds to hunt foxes. He became very popular with huntsmen especially those on horseback and by the 1930s became more well known in the US too. There though was some argument about how the dog was to compete in shows and whether he should remain a working dog.
Now the dog is energetic, very spirited and he packs a lot of spunk into a small body! He loves life and passes that enthusiasm on to those around him. He is loving and loyal to his owner and can be quite entertaining sometimes. He has to be watched as he is quick and will chase anything. He is smart but he is also willful so training can be harder than some dogs. Some Jack Russells do not do too well around other dogs even when socialized and he sees other pets as prey to chase all too often. He is bold but that can lead to him putting himself in danger. Long training sessions and too much repetition will bore him very quickly.
The Yorkie Russell is a very loyal and affectionate dog who can be sweet, friendly and is quite smart. He enjoys getting all the attention he can get and he can be vocal not just with barking but with whining. He loves to play and go out for walks and can get destructive if he becomes bored. He can be protective and territorial too.
What does the Yorkie Russell look like
He is a small dog weighing 6 to 12 pounds and standing up to 12 inches in height. He has a round head, round eyes, a medium length muzzle, flappy ears and a body that is in proportion. His coat is usually long, silky and straight. Common colors are black, tan, white, brown and dark steel blue.
Training and Exercise Needs
How active does the Yorkie Russell need to be?
He loves being active, playing, going on walks with you a couple of times a day, trips to a dog park if he is big enough and so on. But that still amounts to physical needs that is easy to manage even for owners who are not that active themselves. He can live in an apartment and still get what he needs but access to a yard is a bonus and gives him somewhere to dig and investigate in. Also make sure he gets some mental stimulation in his toys or play.
Does he train quickly?
He usually listens to commands and is inclined to to obey you, is eager to please, smart and can be easy to train. He does have a stubborn side sometimes so will need you to be dominant and firm. Consistency is also important along with positive techniques rather than negative ones. Praise rather than scold, be patient, use treats and other rewards to encourage him rather than physical punishment. Early socialization and training can help how he deals with things like larger dogs which is a problem. It makes him a better dog. When he has not been properly trained and socialized he can develop anxiety issues and have behavioral problems.
Living with a Yorkie Russell
How much grooming is needed?
He sheds a minimal amount so there is not a lot of clearing up of hairs to do and since both parents are considered good matches for people with allergies, so is he. His coat will need brushing regularly as it tangles easily and picks up debris unless you keep it short. Wash him with a dog shampoo in a bath just when he really needs it. He is prone to tooth problems so dental care is important, brush his teeth at least three times a week. He will need his nails clipping when they get too long, it may be something you have done at a groomers since you need to know what you are doing. His coat too will need regular professional trimming. His ears should be checked once a week and wiped clean using a dog ear cleaning solution and a cotton ball.
What is he like with children and other animals?
He is good with children but it is best he be with older ones who understand his fragility and know how to be careful around him. He will play and be affectionate with them. He does have a hunting instinct so may tend to chase other smaller animals. He gets on fine with dogs his size but with larger ones he can try to challenge them and of course with his size this could be a problem. Be sure to socialize him and supervise him.
He does tend to bark when people approach the door and his barking can be occasional to frequent. He will need ½ to 1 cup of good quality dry dog food at day split into two meals. He is good for most climates but it would be better for him not to be in extremes.
He has the possibility if inheriting health issues his parents are prone to. To avoid that or lower the chances buy from trustworthy breeders who allow you to visit before buying and will show you parental health clearances. Health concerns that could affect the Yorkie Russell are Patellar Luxation, Eye problems, PSS, Hypoglycemia, Collapsed Trachea, Legg-Calve-Perthes, Deafness, Reverse sneezing and dental problems.
Costs involved in owning a Yorkie Russell
The price of a Yorkie Russell puppy ranges between $200 to $600. Other costs to be covered include micro chipping, deworming, neutering, blood tests, shots, a crate, carrier, collar and leash. They come to between $360 to $400. Annual costs for medical basics like flea prevention, pet insurance, shots and check ups come to between $435 to $535. Annual costs for non-medical basics like training, license, food, toys, treats and grooming come to between $530 to $630.
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The Yorkie Russell could be a great companion or family dog for those with older children. He is small though so when it comes to play people need to have some care. He is good for allergy sufferers and will not shed all over your furniture or clothes. While he can be vocal he is a sweet dog and will offer you a world of love and devotion.
Featured Image Credit: Natali12389, Shutterstock
Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts’ knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.
- Where does the Yorkie Russell come from?
- What does the Yorkie Russell look like
- Training and Exercise Needs
- Living with a Yorkie Russell
- Health Concerns
- Costs involved in owning a Yorkie Russell