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Home > Rabbits > Blanc de Hotot Rabbit: Pictures, Temperament, Habitat & Traits

Blanc de Hotot Rabbit: Pictures, Temperament, Habitat & Traits

blanc de hotot rabbit

The Blanc de Hotot rabbit is best known for its small, compact body and pure white coat. They have dense, jet-black markings around their eye, which makes them look like they have eyeliner! This unique appearance makes them easy to identify and has helped make them more popular.

These rabbits are also known for being very gentle and friendly, which makes them great pets. They’re very easy to handle and often docile, though they do require regular grooming to keep their coat healthy.

Breed Overview




3.5–5.5 pounds


7–10 years

Similar Breeds:

English Spot, Checkered Giant

Suitable for:

Families looking for a friendly, attentive rabbit


Calm, friendly, docile

Many people choose this breed due to their temperament, though their striking appearance probably helps, too. They work well for first-time rabbit owners because they are decently easy to care for and handle.

Blanc de Hotot Breed Characteristics



How Much Do These Rabbits Cost?

Hotot Rabbit!
Hotot Rabbit! (Image By: Carly & Art, Wikimedia Commons CC SA 2.0 Generic)

Like most rabbit breeds, the Blanc de Hotot is pretty inexpensive. You can find these rabbits for around $30 to $100, depending on the breeder’s reputation and your location. More expensive show-quality rabbits often cost more—up to $400 in some cases.

However, you don’t need a show-quality rabbit unless you plan on showing your pet. Pet-quality rabbits make wonderful pets. The main differences are often very minor appearance “faults.”

On top of the price of the rabbit, you’ll also need to consider their maintenance costs. Rabbits aren’t terribly expensive to upkeep, but they do require a special hutch, plenty of food, and an assortment of toys.

Temperament & Intelligence of the Blanc de Hotot

This breed is known for their calm and friendly temperament. They’re often described as gentle and docile, making them suitable for children and first-time rabbit owners. They’re tolerant of others and adapt well to regular handling. They do require some socialization, but they’re often easier to tame than other breeds.

These rabbits are considered moderately intelligent. They aren’t as trainable as some of the highly intelligent breeds, but they can still learn some basic commands. For instance, many of them will respond to their name and use a litterbox without much difficulty. They may even learn a few simple tricks.

It’s important to note that individual rabbit personalities can vary, even within the same breed. Some Blanc de Hotot rabbits may exhibit more independent or reserved behaviors, while others may be more outgoing and interactive. Early socialization, proper handling, and positive interactions can help shape their temperament and intelligence.

How you raise this rabbit will affect their temperament a lot.

Do These Rabbits Make Good Pets?

These rabbits can make exceptionally good pets. They’re extremely friendly and docile, allowing them to get along with just about anyone. They’re known for bonding closely with their owners and being more accepting of new people than other breeds. They also have a very striking appearance, which does help their popularity. Many people are drawn to their distinctive beauty.

The Blanc de Hotot is medium-sized, which makes it easier to accommodate than very large rabbits. They need less space and are easier to handle. Therefore, they’re often very well-suited to families with children.

They also have moderate energy levels. While they do need some playtime and exercise, they don’t need nearly as much as some other breeds. Therefore, they’re often easier to care for overall.

Does This Rabbit Get Along with Other Pets?

Blanc de Hotot rabbits may be docile, but they are still prey animals. Therefore, they will often be fearful of cats and dogs, even when socialized with them at an early age. You should be very cautious with letting your rabbit around carnivorous pets, for obvious reasons.

Blanc de Hotots can generally coexist well with other rabbits, especially if they are properly introduced and given adequate space. It’s important to introduce rabbits gradually and in neutral territory, providing supervised interaction to ensure they establish positive relationships. Early socialization really plays a big role here.

These rabbits can usually get along with other small mammals. They cannot necessarily live with them though, as they will often have differing needs. Therefore, while your rabbit and guinea pig will probably get along just fine, you shouldn’t keep them in the same hutch.


Things to Know When Owning a Blanc de Hotot:

Food & Diet Requirements 🥕

These rabbits have about the same dietary needs as most other rabbit breeds. You’ll need to provide them with a constant supply of hay, as this provides necessary fiber and helps maintain dental health. High-quality hay is vital and should make up the majority of their diet.

You should also offer fresh veggies in moderation to provide some additional nutrients. You should offer mostly dark, leafy green veggies, like kale and cilantro. Carrot tops, bell peppers, and parsley are also good options. Always be careful when introducing new veggies and do it gradually.

High-quality rabbit pellets can be provided in small quantities as a supplement to hay and vegetables. Choose pellets that are specifically formulated for rabbits, without added sugars or unnecessary additives. Pellets should make up a smaller portion of their diet, and the amount should be based on the rabbit’s age and weight.

Like most animals, you should provide clean, fresh water for your rabbit at all times. Use a water bottle or a heavy, tip-proof bowl, as rabbits tend to spill their water.

Habitat and Hutch Requirements

You’ll need to provide a suitable hutch for your Blanc de Hotot to use for much of the time. These rabbits are medium-sized, so you’ll need a medium-sized hutch. It should be large enough for your rabbit to turn around, stand up on their hind legs, and hop around comfortably. That usually means the minimum floor space should be 6 square feet, though bigger is usually better.

The flooring of the hutch should be solid and not wire mesh, as wire flooring can cause discomfort and potentially lead to foot and hock issues. You can use materials such as wood, plastic, or vinyl for the flooring. Providing a layer of soft bedding, such as straw or hay, on top of the solid flooring can add comfort for the rabbit.

Rabbits need plenty of ventilation, and the Blanc de Hotot is no different. This ensures that they won’t overheat. However, you should provide plenty of insulation for rabbits that live outside, as they need protection from the cold.

Keep the hutch clean to maintain hygiene. Remove soiled bedding, droppings, and uneaten food regularly. You’ll need to replace the bedding as needed, too.

Rabbits require a significant amount of enrichment, which should be done both inside and outside their hutch. Provide them with plenty of tunnels, toys, and platforms to explore. Many rabbits also like having a hiding spot, which typically involves a small, enclosed area for them to hide in.

Remember, rabbits are social animals and thrive with human interaction and environmental stimulation. While a hutch provides a safe and secure space, it’s important to allow your Blanc de Hotot rabbit supervised time outside of the hutch for exercise and exploration.

Exercise & Sleeping Needs 🐇

Exercise and sleeping should both be a part of your rabbit’s routine. Blanc de Hotots need regular, daily exercise to maintain their physical health. They should have extensive opportunities to hop and run. Often, this means providing them with time to free-roam in a secure, rabbit-proof area.

Providing enrichment is also important. Otherwise, your rabbit may not exercise even when given the opportunity. Hopping around needs to be fun. Provide toys and other enrichment opportunities, like tunnels. Your rabbit also needs social interaction daily, which can be done by simply interacting with them. Gentle play and grooming sessions are a great way to bond with them.

Rabbits are crepuscular animals, which means they are most active during dawn and dusk. They have natural sleeping patterns that involve multiple periods of rest and activity throughout the day and night. It’s normal for rabbits to take short naps during the day. Try to have grooming and exercise time during the dawn or dusk hours—instead of waking your rabbit up during the day or night.

Be sure that your rabbit has soft bedding to sleep in. The rabbit may have a hard time sleeping if they don’t feel secure, so this is essential. The area should be well-ventilated and protected from drafts.

Try to keep the rabbit’s environment as calm as possible to ensure they feel secure and can rest. Because rabbits rest during the day and night, they need a peaceful area all the time, not just at night when the whole house is sleeping.

Training 🎾

Rabbits aren’t usually considered the most trainable animals, but there are still many things you should plan on teaching your Blanc de Hotot. These rabbits are moderately intelligent, so they can learn quite a few things with the proper training.

You should start by teaching your rabbit their name. Simply call them by their name and then give them a treat when they approach you. Of course, practice this in a safe and enclosed area. Most rabbits will learn their name after a few training sessions, which can make it easier to get them when they’re out and about.

Rabbits are naturally inclined to use specific areas as their bathroom. Use a litter box filled with rabbit-safe litter, such as paper-based or wood-based pellets, and place it in a corner of their living space. Encourage the rabbit to use the litter box by placing some of their droppings inside it and providing positive reinforcement when they use it correctly.

Because rabbits naturally use the bathroom in one area, this process is often much easier than many people think. Sometimes, all you have to do is place the litterbox and the bunny will take care of the rest.

You should also handle and socialize your bunny, which is often called “taming.” While rabbits are tame, they often aren’t as susceptible to handling as cats and dogs. Therefore, it’s important to get them used to handling very early to make caring for them easier.

Again, this process is very simple. You get your rabbit used to handling simply by handling them and making it a positive experience.

Grooming ✂️

You’ll need to brush your Blanc de Hotot regularly to prevent mating and remove loose fur. Use a soft bristle brush or a similar brush to brush your rabbit a few times a week. Start at an early age to help your rabbit get used to the process. Pay extra attention to wherever they have longer fur, such as on their ears, chest, and hindquarters.

On top of brushing, dental health is extremely important for these rabbits. Rabbits have continuously growing teeth, and dental problems can arise if their teeth become overgrown or misaligned. Provide your Blanc de Hotot rabbit with plenty of hay, as the chewing action helps them wear down their teeth naturally.

You’ll also need to trim their nails regularly, which helps prevent them from overgrowing and causing discomfort. Use a pair of rabbit-specific nail clippers and avoid cutting the quick, which is where the blood vessels in the nails are. You can also have a vet trim the rabbit’s nail for you if you don’t feel confident doing it.

Whenever you brush your rabbit, be sure to check their ears for signs of dirt build-up and infections. Mites are quite common in rabbits, but they’re easy to treat if you catch them early. Never insert anything into the ear canal, as this can cause damage.

Blanc de Hotot rabbits generally do not require frequent baths unless they get extremely dirty or have specific medical conditions. Rabbits are generally skilled groomers themselves. In fact, bathing can cause chills, as rabbits are not good at staying insulated when wet. Therefore, bathing really isn’t recommended except in extreme circumstances.

blanc de hotot rabbit in vet clinic white rabbit
Image Credit: LightField Studios, Shutterstock

Lifespan and Health Conditions 🏥

Blanc de Hotots live for about 8 to 12 years. However, they do require regular vet care, and they are prone to some health conditions. A rabbit’s health is partially based on their genetics and partially based on how well they’re taken care of.

Minor Conditions
  • Dental
  • problems
  • hairballs
Serious Conditions

Gastrointestinal stasis

  • Myxomatosis and rabbit hemorrhagic disease
  • lystrike

Male vs. Female

There isn’t a significant difference between the males and females of this breed except in their reproductive behavior. They’re about the same size and have the same markings.

Of course, female rabbits need to be spayed, while male rabbits need to be neutered. Intact male rabbits may display territorial behaviors, like spraying urine to mark their territory or becoming more aggressive. Female rabbits can experience reproductive cycles, including periods of receptivity and nesting behaviors.


3 Little-Known Facts About the Blanc de Hotot

1. These rabbits were originally from France. 

The Blanc de Hotot was developed by Eugenie Bernhard in France in the early 20th century. Her goal was to create a compact rabbit with beautiful markings and a calm temperament.

2. Despite their striking appearance, the Blanc de Hotot is still rare today. 

This breed is recognized by most rabbit breeder associations. However, it is still relatively rare when compared to other common rabbit breeds.

3. They were bred for their “eyeliner.”

One reason this breed was created was due to its unique “eyeliner” markings. The black bands that encircle the eyes give the rabbit a distinctive “eyeliner” effect, which is a highly desirable trait in this breed. The eye markings are in stark contrast to the white fur, making this an easy breed to identify.


Final Thoughts

The Blanc de Hotot was created as a pet rabbit breed with striking markings. They have a generally calm disposition and are very easy to handle. Therefore, they are often great options for those with children and families.

Their striking appearance contributes significantly to their popularity, captivating many with their distinct beauty. The Blanc de Hotot’s medium size makes them relatively easier to accommodate compared to larger rabbit breeds. They require less space and are more manageable.

However, finding these rabbits can be challenging, as they are rarer than most. You may have to travel far to find a suitable breeder, and there may even be a waiting list.

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Featured Image Credit: Barbarajo, Shutterstock

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