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Guinea Pig Essential Supplies List – Everything You Need

Nicole Cosgrove

May 21, 2021

Guinea pigs make excellent family pets. They are great for people of all ages, and a guinea pig is especially useful as a first pet for kids, as they can be personally responsible for them. They do need a bit of space to be happy, but they have a relatively easy diet, do not need to be taken out for walks, and can be highly interactive pets with their own charm and character.

There are many good reasons to own a guinea pig, but if you are thinking of buying or adopting one, there are certain essentials that you must have in the house before you bring your little pig home. Below are 12 essential items that will give your pet everything they need and potentially help spark a positive relationship between the two of you.

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1. Cage

MidWest Guinea Habitat Guinea Pig Home
Image Credit: MidWest, Chewy

This is usually the first thing that potential owners buy and represents the biggest investment. For all of the guinea pig’s benefits, it does require a certain amount of space in your home. Your guinea pig needs a decent cage of a minimum of 7.5 square feet, but more space will be better. Ten square feet is ideal for one or two guinea pigs. If you have cats, dogs, or very small children, you should ensure that the cage has a lid.

Guinea pigs do not really need vertical space, although you can add ramps and other items at ground level to enhance their cage experience. Floor space is most important.


2. Bedding

brown and black male guinea pig in its indoor litter_yackers1_shutterstock
Image Credit: yackers1, Shutterstock

Bedding is the substrate at the bottom of the cage. It is spread across the floor of the cage, usually to a depth of between 1.5 and 2 inches. This will need refreshing or changing twice a week.

You can use fleece cage liners, which need to be changed every day or two before being washed and then reused. You can also buy wood shavings, cloth, or paper bedding.

Each substrate has its own benefits, and you may want to offer a combination of two or more.


3. A House

Guinea Pig bedding
Image Credit: PHOTO-FUN, Shutterstock

The guinea pig is a prey animal. If they think that there is a potential threat, they will want to find somewhere safe and secure to hide until the threat has passed.

A hide house is a good option. You can use cardboard boxes, as long as they are clean and non-toxic, or buy a specially created hide house from a pet shop. Ensure that the house has enough room for your little one and that it is comfortable and easy to clean.


4. Water Bowl or Bottle

Guinea Pig Bowl
Image Credit By: Beliakina Ekaterina, shutterstock

Some owners prefer to use bowls, while others prefer bottles, but whichever you choose, you must provide your guinea pig with regular access to clean and safe drinking water.

Bowls take up more floor space and can be messier because your little rodent may decide to climb in, spill the water, or kick food and bedding into it. On the other hand, a guinea pig would lap from natural water sources in the wild, so it more closely replicates their natural drinking habit compared to the more convenient, space-saving, and cleaner water bottle.


5. Food Bowl

Guinea pig on sawdust bed in a green box_Nataliia Kozynska_shutterstock
Credit: Nataliia Kozynska, Shutterstock

When it comes to food, there isn’t really an option. You will need to provide a bowl. Although they do come in a variety of different materials, a heavy ceramic bowl is better because it will be impossible to tip over, even if your guinea pig stands on the edge.


6. Hay Rack

guinea pig eating hays
Image Credit: Alexas_Fotos, Pixabay

Guinea pigs not only get dietary fiber from hay, but they also benefit from the regular grinding motion of gnawing on hay. It helps trim their teeth and prevent injuries and discomfort from having overgrown teeth.

You can put hay on the floor of the cage, which is usually preferred, but a hay rack keeps things neater and allows you to place extra hay in the cage. Ensure that it is a safe hay rack that your guinea pig won’t get stuck in and that doesn’t restrict access to the hay too much.


7. Good Hay

himalayan guinea pig eating hay_Shutterstock_PHOTO FUN
Image Credit: PHOTO FUN, Shutterstock

Guinea pigs need regular access to fresh hay. Their teeth continue to grow, and gnawing at hay is how they can naturally keep the length of their teeth down. It also provides vitamins and minerals that keep your guinea pig healthy.

Timothy hay is considered the best of the available options. It has the right balance of nutrients and smells and tastes great — to guinea pigs.


8. Food Pellets

guinea pigs eating
Image Credit: Pxhere

You also need to offer your guinea pig a good-quality food pellet. It needs to be a minimum of 25% fiber, 14% protein, and 2% fat, and it should contain the right balance of other vitamins and minerals to give your pet everything they need.

There are many pellets on the market, and you may need to experiment to find the one that your guinea likes the flavor of.


9. Green Vegetables

guinea-pig-2241921_1280
Credit: BabaMu, Pixabay

You should provide 1/2 cup of greens per pound of body weight every day. You can offer leafy greens like romaine lettuce, making up approximately 80% of their daily vegetable allowance. The rest of the vegetable allowance can be made up of a selection of:

  • Peppers, with seeds removed
  • Cucumber, with leaves
  • Parsnip
  • Squash
  • Celery
  • Broccoli
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Any cabbage

This is just a selection of the vegetables that you can offer. For greater variety, consider including other veggies that your little one will love.


10. Nail Trimmer

Pet Nail Clippers and Trimmer

Guinea pigs need regular nail trimming. You should start when they are a pup so they get used to having it done; otherwise; it can be challenging when they get older. Although it differs from one guinea pig to the next, you should expect to have to do this approximately every month.


11. Chew Toys

Kaytee Perfect Chews

Guinea pigs enjoy foraging, and this can be encouraged using toys that hide food. This not only encourages the natural foraging behavior but will also keep your guinea pig mentally active.

They also love to chew, and chewing and gnawing help keep teeth trim. So, as an important part of good guinea pig care, provide chew toys specifically for the species. Poor-quality toys and wooden toys for other animals may splinter or shatter and cause injury.


12. Brush

Kaytee Pro-Slicker Small Pet Brush

Long-haired guinea pigs will need brushing every week or two. This helps remove dead hair and keeps your guinea comfortable. It can also help improve the bond between you both and will prevent knots and mats from forming. A slicker brush and comb will do the job and isn’t expensive.

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Guinea Pig Essentials

Getting a guinea pig is an exciting time. The small pet is friendly, fun, and an ideal pet for people of all ages. They are quite easy to care for, although they do need a suitable amount of room, they should be let out of their cage to run around for an hour or so each day, and they will benefit from regular handling and attention from their owner.


Featured Image: iStoominaP, Shutterstock

Nicole Cosgrove

Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts' knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.

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