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Miniature American Shepherd
The Miniature American Shepherd is a small to medium purebred dog bred in the US with a life span of 12 to 15 years. It is very much similar to the Miniature Australian Shepherd in looks for good reason, the Miniature American Shepherd is a breed that comes from the Miniature Australian Shepherd which itself was bred small from Australian Shepherds. (All of which are American bred dogs, not Australian!) It was developed to be an active and loyal dog and as well as being a good companion it was also bred to be a working dog and herding dog. It is a versatile and friendly dog full of vitality.
|The Miniature American Shepherd at a Glance|
|Name||Miniature American Shepherd|
|Other names||Mini American, North American Miniature Shepherd|
|Average size||Small to medium|
|Average weight||15 to 35 pounds|
|Average height||13 to 18 inches|
|Life span||12 to 15 years|
|Coat type||Medium length double coat|
|Color||Black, blue merle, red, red merle, with or without tan and/or white markings in specified areas|
|Popularity||Very popular ranked 36th in the AKC|
|Tolerance to heat||Average|
|Tolerance to cold||Good|
|Shedding||Moderate – will be some hair around the home|
|Drooling||Moderate – not especially prone|
|Obesity||Average – requires adequate exercise to remain in shape and measure its food|
|Grooming/brushing||Moderate – brush twice a week|
|Barking||Occasional – will be some barking but not constant|
|Exercise needs||Fairly active – active owners are a good idea|
|Trainability||Easy to train|
|Good first dog||Very good|
|Good family pet||Very good to excellent with socialization|
|Good with children||Very good with socialization|
|Good with other dogs||Good to very good with socialization|
|Good with other pets||Good to very good with socialization|
|Good with strangers||Good but wary at first, socialization needed|
|Good apartment dog||Very good due to size but needs daily exercise|
|Handles alone time well||Average – can be left alone for short periods|
|Health issues||Somewhat healthy, several issues which can include Hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, drug sensitivity and eye problems|
|Medical expenses||$460 a year for basic health care and pet insurance|
|Food expenses||$140 a year for a good quality dry dog food and dog treats|
|Miscellaneous expenses||$210 a year for toys, basic training, miscellaneous items and license|
|Average annual expenses||$810 a year as a starting figure|
|Cost to purchase||$1,200|
|Rescue organizations||Mini Aussie Rescue, Miniature American Shepherd Rescue, check local rescues and shelters|
|Biting Statistics||None reported|
The Miniature American Shepherd’s Beginnings
The Miniature American Shepherd was bred in the US by Doris Cordova in California to be a smaller working farm dog and herding dog. At the time it was the Miniature Australian Shepherd which was developed in the late 1960s by using small Australian Shepherds. Breeders reached their desired size by the mid 1970s and it had developed to be a loyal, hardworking, versatile and smart dog. It was used to herd smaller farm animals like goats and sheep and it was a good companion too. In 1980 it was registered still as the Miniature Australian Shepherd with the National Stock Dog Registry. It became popular across the US in the early 1990s and the MASCUSA breed club and registry was formed too.
However problems came in 1993 when the Australian Shepherd was recognized by the AKC but that means the Miniature Australian Shepherd was no longer qualified to register as the breed was too similar. The AKC asked the MASCUSA to change the dog’s name and so for a while the club became the North American Miniature Australian Shepherd Club. However this then led to a division in the club and with the breed. Some remained focused on the Miniature Australian Shepherd while others with the re-named Miniature American Shepherd.
New Lease on Life
For a while there was no difference between the two dogs apart from that name chance but gradually changes did happen and today these are now related but different dogs. The Miniature American Shepherd looks similar but it is smaller. In 2011 the Miniature American Shepherd entered the Foundation Stock Service stage of gaining recognition with the AKC. In 2015 it gained full recognition from the AKC and from the United Kennel Club also.
The Dog You See Today
The Miniature American Shepherd is a small to medium dog that weighs 15 to 35 pounds and stands 13 to 18 inches tall. It has a strong body but it is not bulky and its topline is level. It is a little longer than it is tall giving it a slight rectangular shape and it is all in proportion. Its tail tends to be a natural bobtail or docked to a length of three inches or shorter, though in some countries tail docking has been made illegal. Its coat is double with an undercoat that is short and soft and can vary in thickness depending on the season and climate. It is a straight or wavy outer coat that is medium length and there is some feathering on the back legs. There is a mane or frill around the neck and that is more obvious in males than females. Common colors are black, red, blue merle, red merle and there can be some tan or white in certain places.
The head of the MAS is in proportion to the body and it has an alert look. The eyes are almond shaped and should neither be sunken nor protruding. Colors can be blue, brown, amber or hazel and there can be a mix. The eye rims can be liver colored or black depending on the coat color. Its ears are medium sized, triangular shaped and set high.
The Inner Miniature American Shepherd
The Miniature American Shepherd is an intelligent breed, and since it was bred to be a working dog it has qualities you would want from such a dog, hard working, committed, enthusiastic and determined. It is also a loyal and devoted family companion, it has protective instincts and it is alert so it will let you know of intruders and try to defend you too. It is should not be shy but it is wary at first with strangers until it is sure they are not a threat. Neither should it ever be aggressive. It is eager to please, adaptable and resilient too.
It has energy and loves to play and apart from initial wariness with strangers it gets along with everyone. Without early socialization and training though you may see behavior problems such as destructiveness, barking and being unruly. As long as it gets to burn off enough energy and is looked after well though this should not be a problem. It can be left alone for short periods of time but it forms close bonds and prefers not to be alone for a long time.
Living with a Miniature American Shepherd
What will training look like?
The MAS is intelligent, eager to please and generally easy to train, especially if you remain confident, in charge and consistent with it. Use positive training methods, give it praise, offer treats and rewards to encourage it and motivate it. It may retain the instinct of herding even if not being kept as a herding dog so make sure part of its training is to stop it nipping at people’s and pet’s heels. It can be a good dog for a new owner who is willing to learn how to be a good one! Make sure the socialization part of training starts early so it can learn to recognize friend from foe and knows how to respond to different situations, places, people, animals and so on.
How active is the Miniature American Shepherd?
This dog really does need daily exercise, it may be smaller but it still is used to either being a working dog or getting plenty of activity and mental stimulation. It will need a couple of at least moderate length walks a day, some physical play time with you and then some opportunities during the week for safe off leash run time. A dog park is such a place and also where socialization can happen. It can do well in doggy sports like disc dog, agility, fly ball and such. It is a very agile, lively and athletic dog with a lot of stamina so needs active owners.
Caring for the Miniature American Shepherd
The Mini American Shepherd’s coat is dense and medium long with some feathering so it needs to be brushed a couple of times a week to prevent tangles, remove debris and get those oils moving around its body. It does shed a moderate amount so some hair will be left around the home that will need vacuuming up. It is not a so called hypoallergenic breed. Avoid giving it bath set to a too frequent schedule as that can in fact damage its natural oils, for the same reason use only canine products.
Along with its coat care there are other factors to looking after your dog. Its teeth should be brushed regularly to avoid tooth decay and gum disease. Daily is ideal but at least two to three times a week using a canine designed toothpaste and toothbrush. Then its nails need to be kept to an acceptable length and they should be cut using proper clippers for dogs. Dog nails are not like ours though, in the lower part of them are blood vessels and nerves so cutting too far down will cause bleeding and pain. Its ears too need regular care. Check weekly for infection signs and give them a clean by just wiping where you can reach, not by inserting anything into them.
It will need to be fed at least 1 to 2½ cups of good quality dry dog food a day, divided into at least two meals. It depends on its metabolism, size, activity, age and health. It also needs water which is kept as fresh as possible.
How is the Miniature American Shepherd with children and other animals?
The Miniature American Shepherd can be good with children as long as the kids are taught not to pull ears or tails and such. Early socialization helps with their interactions, and being raised with them is also a great way for them to bond. They should enjoy playing together and burning off some energy together too! It can also get along well with other pets. Remember to include training to check any heel nipping. With other dogs it can actually vary from one MAS to another, some get along well and some have more issues with dominance and territory and such.
What Might Go Wrong?
It has a life span of about 12 to 15 years and is a somewhat healthy dog but there are some issues it can be prone to including Hip Dysplasia, Eye problems, Cancer, drug sensitivity and patellar luxation.
There are no reports over the last almost 4 decades in North America of the Miniature American Shepherd attacking a person. For the sake of disparity though perhaps it is worth mentioning, (since they are related) that the Australian Shepherd has been connected to 11 such attacks, 7 of which were against children. This averages at roughly one incident every 3 or 4 years. The Miniature American Shepherd is not aggressive but all dogs have the possibility of an off day or being drawn in by something to act in a way that is not normal for them. Make sure you socialize, train, exercise and give it the attention it needs though and you can minimize those chances.
Your Pup’s Price Tag
The going puppy price for a Miniature American Shepherd today is about $1200. You can get one for less if you manage to find one at a shelter or rescue as adoption fees range between $50 to $400. Or you could pay even double or triple that from a show dog breeder or one with a top reputation. Be prepared to do some homework and research, go out and check out breeders physically when possible. Avoid places that have a bad reputation and places like pet stores, puppy mills or backyard breeders.
Along the time you are getting your puppy you are going to need to pay for initial costs on health needs and on items it will need. Once it has settled in it will need a vet visit for things like blood tests, deworming, shots, micro-chipping, neutering or spaying and a physical exam and this will be about $270. Those items includes basics like a leash and collar, a carrier, bowls and a crate. These come to at least $200.
Obedience training is something all owners should do with their dogs and that along with a license, other miscellaneous items and toys will be about $210 a year depending on whether you do the training or use a professional or school. Then feeding the MAS will cost another $140 a year for a decent quality dry dog food and dog treats. Yearly medical costs for basics like a vet check up, vaccinations, flea prevention, pet insurance and heartworm prevention come to at least $460. Overall you can expect an annual estimated starting figure cost of $810.
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The Miniature American Shepherd is an active and intelligent dog that can be a great working dog and a great companion. It can do well in various types of canine sporting events too. It will be a devoted and loyal friend, affectionate and loving with its family but wary with strangers so socialization is important. Make sure you are firm and consistent with it and it will be happy to follow your lead. It has a level of sensitivity that also makes a good therapy dog and it does well as a search and rescue dog and in service.
Featured Image Credit: LNbjors, Shutterstock
Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts’ knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.
- The Miniature American Shepherd’s Beginnings
- New Lease on Life
- The Dog You See Today
- The Inner Miniature American Shepherd
- Living with a Miniature American Shepherd
- Caring for the Miniature American Shepherd
- How is the Miniature American Shepherd with children and other animals?
- What Might Go Wrong?
- Your Pup’s Price Tag