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Polish Rabbit Breed: Pictures, Traits, & Facts

dwarf polish rabbit

Size: Miniature
Weight: 3- 5 pounds
Lifespan: 6-10 years
Body Type: Compact
Temperament: Curious, energetic, friendly
 Suitable for: Small homes, single pet owners, families with older children

Naming rabbit breeds can be funny business, indeed. The Polish rabbit is not from Poland, just as the New Zealand has never seen the island nation it’s named after, and you won’t find a single Himalayan in the mountain range of the same name.

No matter their provenance, though, one thing is for certain: Polish rabbits make excellent pets! Their small frames and fragile bodies lend them very well to being kept indoors – and their curious and energetic natures make them lively companions in any apartment.

In this article, we’ll be tracing back the origins of this small rabbit breed to discover where it really comes from, as well as how to best care for one as a pet. So, if you’re curious to see whether a Polish rabbit might be the perfect addition to your home, read on to find out more!


History and Origin of the Polish Rabbit Breed

The first documented history of a rabbit shown as a “Polish” breed comes from 1884 in Hull, England. The earliest examples of the breed are very likely to have originated in England, where it was fashionable at the time to name things after exotic places to catch peoples’ attention.

In their home in late 1800s England, the only available color for Polish rabbits was white – often with red eyes. Because of their small size and decidedly non-aggressive temperament, there are even writings of rabbit breeders mocking them for their frailty! No matter the opinions of a few writers, they continued to be a popular option as house pets due to their friendly dispositions.

Arriving to America in 1912, the Polish quickly became a constant contender in rabbit shows. It turns out that this frail animal was rather easy to breed, and easy to train as well. From 1925 onward, American breeders took to crossbreeding the Polish with other small rabbits, producing the range of colors that we enjoy today.


General Description

polish rabbit
Image Credit: Jne Valokuvaus, Shutterstock

Small, compact, and with a generally reserved posture, Polish rabbits are definitely the most laid-back of the many miniature rabbit breeds. Whereas Netherland Dwarves and Holland Lops are fond of bossing even larger rabbits around, the Polish is much more likely to settle disagreements by finding a new place to relax.

With small hind legs and pointed ears, they have a smaller appearance than most other miniature rabbits, as well. This is largely due to their small hind quarters and small head, with most of their body mass centered in their round bellies.

Nutrition and Health

Polish rabbits do a wonderful job of keeping themselves active by nosing and exploring around even a small enclosure. Perpetually curious, they’re fond of finding hidden items in every room. Give them a large enough enclosure, and they’ll gladly take care of their own exercise.

As with all rabbits, it’s good to keep a plentiful supply of timothy hay and purified water available to your Polish rabbit at all times. Combine this with a daily supply of kibble and dark, leafy greens, and they’ll likely live a long and happy life.


Having a fine and soft coat, Polish rabbits don’t require any more than the usual once-weekly brushing of just about any domestic breed. Once springtime rolls around, increase this to twice weekly to help them stay cool and healthy. Especially with smaller rabbits, always use an appropriate brush to make sure you’re not pulling their hair while grooming them.


Owing largely to their fragile and diminutive bodies, Polish rabbits are also extremely kind and friendly. As pets, they make curious and gentle companions. If you’re planning on keeping them with another rabbit, be sure to allow extra time for them to acclimate to each other in order to keep your Polish safe and comfortable.


Final Thoughts on the Polish Rabbit Breed

Even though they’ve been considered the figurative “runt of the litter” by rabbit breeders for nearly 100 years, Polish rabbits have come to be respected as excellent pets and show animals in the United States. With a little bit of love and attention, they’ll provide affection and companionship for years to come.

Featured Image Credit: COULANGES, Shutterstock

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