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Home > Reptiles > Can Bearded Dragons Eat Kiwi? Vet-Approved Nutritional Facts & Info

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Kiwi? Vet-Approved Nutritional Facts & Info

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Dr. Luqman Javed

Veterinarian, DVM

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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Bearded dragons eat a diverse diet consisting of many insects, fruits, and vegetables. The list of recommended foods for a bearded dragon is long, but many seemingly healthy foods shouldn’t be fed to your dragon, such as lettuce. This causes confusion for many when determining what they ought to feed their dragon.

Kiwi is a tasty green fruit that seems like a perfect treat for a pet dragon. Will your dragon eat kiwi? Almost certainly. They’ll love the sweet taste and would probably eat it daily if given the opportunity. The real question is whether it’s good for your dragon. Thankfully, kiwi can provide a host of benefits for your bearded dragon, making it a great choice for an occasional treat. That said, you can cause some major adverse effects if you feed your dragon kiwi too often.

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What Benefits Can Kiwi Provide for Your Bearded Dragon?

Kiwi is packed full of nutrients, and many of them can provide a health boost for your bearded dragon. For instance, you’ll find loads of antioxidants in a kiwi, which are great for their overall health.

Key Nutritional Information of kiwi, per 100 grams (3.5 oz)
  • Water: 83.9 grams (g)
  • Carbohydrates: 14 g
  • Fat: 0.44 g
  • Protein: 1.06 g
  • Calcium: 35 milligrams (mg)
  • Phosphorus: 34 mg


That being said, most of these benefits do not outweigh the risks of feeding your bearded dragon kiwi.

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Image Credit: pixel2013, Pixabay

Potential Downsides of Feeding Too Much Kiwi to Your Dragon

Since kiwis offer such a wide range of health benefits for your bearded dragon, you might be wondering if there are any downsides to this fruit.

Calcium to Phosphorus Ratio

For healthy adult bearded dragons in maintenance, their diet should have a calcium-to-phosphorus ratio of anywhere between 1.5:1 and 2:1. This means the calcium should be around twice as much as the phosphorus. The recommended ratio for juveniles is around 2:1, and dragons that are breeding (particularly females) require a much higher calcium intake compared to adults in maintenance.

In kiwi, the calcium to phosphorus ratio is around 1:1. Phosphorus balance in the body requires that it be in the correct proportion with calcium. It binds to calcium, so when a bearded dragon is fed high amounts of phosphorus, their body responds by pulling calcium out from the bones to restore the proper levels of minerals and reduce the excess phosphorus in the bloodstream. Over time, the loss of calcium from bone mass can make the bones brittle and weak, leading to a condition called metabolic bone disease.

In addition, an inappropriate ratio of calcium to phosphorus is undesirable for the long-term health of a bearded dragon because it may predispose them to kidney or parathyroid issues. Therefore, grapes should be offered very sparingly to your bearded dragon.

This problem is considered significant because captive bearded dragons require the correct lighting (UVB) to properly synthesize vitamin D3, a nutrient required for calcium absorption. Therefore, they need multiple sources of care to ensure their calcium requirements are met: the correct diet, and the correct lighting. Adding excess phosphorus to their diet complicates this process significantly. 


Kiwi are very high in oxalates, also sometimes referred to as oxalic acid. Oxalates bind with calcium within the body, and prevent its use. They may also predispose a bearded dragon to kidney stones, which require medical attention. A single kiwi may contain up to 29 mg of oxalates.

Sugar Content

When compared to vegetables, fruits are considered very high in terms of their sugar content. Kiwi is no exception to this rule; most of its carbohydrate content is in fact the naturally occurring sugars present in the fruit. This isn’t considered nutritionally catastrophic, but definitely not desirable in high amounts.

Sugar is not directly associated with diabetes in bearded dragons. However, an overabundance of calories can lead to an obese pet, which isn’t healthy and may serve as a precursor for other diseases.

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How Often Can Your Bearded Dragon Eat Kiwi?

The general rule of thumb when it comes to feeding your dragon fruits is that variety is important. It’s therefore best to not just stick with one fruit but to rather rotate several different fruits to offer your dragon on a daily basis.

Examples of safe to eat fruits include:
  • Figs
  • Raspberry
  • Dates
  • Strawberry
  • Apricot
  • Mango
  • Pear

The amount of fruit and vegetables you should offer your dragon depends on their age. Younger dragons require fewer fruits and vegetables and need a diet that’s high in insects. Juvenile dragons need a diet that’s composed equally of vegetation and insects. Adults however require a diet that’s higher in vegetation and low in the amount of insects they’re served. It’s best to consult with your veterinarian to formulate a meal plan that works best for your bearded dragon.

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Image Credit: Snap_it, Pixabay

How to Feed Your Bearded Dragon Kiwi

If you’re going to feed kiwi to your bearded dragon, there are a few tips you should follow to ensure you’re doing it safely.

  • Only feed your dragon ripe kiwi.
  • Wash the kiwi well prior to feeding.
  • Don’t feed the peel to your dragon. Remove it completely and only provide the green fruit to your dragon.
  • Cut the fruit into small pieces.
  • The seeds are safe for your dragon.

divider-bearded dragon

Wrapping Up

If given the choice, your dragon might opt to eat tasty fruits like kiwi on a daily basis. While kiwi is safe for your dragon to consume, it’s best to remember that variety with your dragon’s diet is preferred over offering them just one fruit every single day. That being said, kiwi is definitely a healthy snack you can incorporate into your bearded dragon’s diet. It’s best to consult with your vet about the dietary wellbeing of your pet to ensure you’re feeding them the correct things and in the right amounts.

Featured Image: Pranjall Kumar, Unsplash

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