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Home > Cats > Golden British Shorthair Cat: Facts, Origin & History (With Pictures)

Golden British Shorthair Cat: Facts, Origin & History (With Pictures)

Golden British Shorthair Cat

Golden British Shorthair cats have gorgeous, orange-colored fur along with the famous laid-back personalities shared by most members of the breed. Although many people associate the breed with gray or blue coats, British Shorthair cats come in several shades and patterns, including golden, white, cream, and black, and the cats can even be found in bicolor and tabby patterns.

Breed Overview


12–14 inches


7–18 pounds


13–15 years


Golden, lilac, cinnamon, chocolate, cream, blue, and silver

Suitable for:

Families and singles looking for a calm, quiet cat


Intelligent, calm, quiet, independent, and friendly

British Shorthair cats typically make wonderful companions that are usually happiest when hanging out with their humans. These large cuddly cats can weigh up to 17 pounds and grow to lengths of 25 inches!

Golden British Shorthair Characteristics

High-energy cat will need a lot of mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy, while low-energy cats require minimal physical activity. It’s important when choosing a cat to make sure their energy levels match your lifestyle or vice versa.
Easy-to-train cats are more willing and skilled at learning prompts and actions quickly with minimal training. Cats that are harder to train are usually more stubborn and will require a bit more patience and practice.
Some cat breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every cat will have these issues, but they have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Some breeds, due to their size or their breeds' potential genetic health issues, have shorter lifespans than others. Proper exercise, nutrition, and hygiene also play an important role in the lifespan of your pet.
Some cat breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other animals. More social cats have a tendency to rub up on strangers for scratches, while less social cats shy away and are more cautious, even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed, it’s important to socialize your cat and expose them to lots of different situations.


The Earliest Records of British Shorthair Cats in History

The ancestors of British Shorthairs most likely accompanied the Romans to the British Isles, where they were used for pest control. While they started out as working cats, these kitties soon became popular companion animals commonly found in homes and farms around Britain.

They were essentially street cats until Harrison Weir, a major player in the emerging cat fancy world, began advocating for them to be considered a distinct breed in the late 1800s.

Breeders mixed British Shorthair cats with Persian cats during the early 20th century to create British longhair kitties. Long-haired versions of these cats resemble early 20th-century Persian and Angora cats.

golden british shorthair cat lying on a blue sofa
Image By: SunRay BRI Cattery RU, Shutterstock

How British Shorthair Cats Gained Popularity

British Shorthair first gained popularity as a breed after participating in the first cat show in the UK organized by Harrison Weir in 1871. But after the turn of the century, interest in the breed began to decline. WWII was particularly hard on British Shorthair cats. But the breed made a comeback after the war thanks to breeders introducing domestic Shorthair, Persian, and even Russian blue cats to the gene pool.

After arriving in the United States in the 1900s, the cats remained relatively obscure, but they gained popularity over time. In 2021, British Shorthair cats were the 6th most popular pedigree cats in the US, and they regularly make up around one-quarter of the cats registered each year with the Grand Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF).

Formal Recognition of British Shorthair Cats

While these cats have been around for centuries, they were first identified as a breed in the late 1800s, when Harrison Weir began arguing that the street cats of Britain should be treated as a distinct breed. They were first shown as a breed at Weir’s 1871 Crystal Palace cat show, where one of Weir’s British Shorthair cats was named Best in Show.

British Shorthair cats were admitted to championship status by The International Cat Association (TICA) in 1979, and the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) first recognized the breed in 1980. TICA acknowledged the long-haired siblings of these cats in 2009.

One named Brynbuboo Little Monarch was the GFCC’s first adult grand champion1. And in 1988, the CFA named a British Shorthair cat the 3rd Best Cat in Premiership.


Top 5 Unique Facts About the British Shorthair Cat

1. Orange Tabby British Shorthair Cats are Likely to Be Male

Around 80% of orange tabby cats are male, including orange tabby British Shorthair kitties. The orange fur gene is found on feline X chromosomes. Male cats only have one X chromosome, so it’s statistically easier for males than females to turn out a gorgeous fiery shade of orange.

2. British Shorthair Cats Often Have Weight Issues

These handsome cats are generally on the large side; some large males can weigh as much as 17 pounds. But the breed tends to gain weight, and British Shorthair cats often suffer from obesity. Weight problems are often difficult to identify in these cats as they usually have stocky, almost chubby physiques when healthy.

3. A British Shorthair Cat Held the Record for the Loudest Purr

In 2016, the Guinness Book of World Records recognized Smokey, a rescued British Shorthair, as having the loudest purr on earth! Smokey’s purr reached a whopping 67.7 dB. Normal conversations register at around 60 dB.

4. They’re Cultural Icons

These kitties are worldwide cultural icons and have been for quite some time. Lewis Carroll may have based Alice in Wonderland‘s Cheshire Cat on a British Shorthair kitty. In Hong Kong, cat lovers fell in love with Brother Cream, a British Shorthair cat who gained fame after disappearing. He returned home after a few weeks and became an outright celebrity. The handsome cats have also appeared in advertisements for companies such as Prada and Whiskas.

5. Some Don’t Like to Be Held

Although these cats tend to be extremely loving and prefer to be around their people, many don’t relish being picked up! Many will happily play in the room where their humans are working or watching TV but prefer not to be picked up and carried from place to place.


Do Golden British Shorthair Cats Make Good Pets?

Golden British Shorthair cats make incredibly good pets, as they are friendly and easy to care for. They’re usually quite mellow and relaxed. Most enjoy being around people and are perfectly content when napping or playing in the same room as their favorite humans.

They often make great apartment cats since they aren’t hyper or prone to engage in excessive vocalization. While they do require exercise, most are usually fine with a few daily play sessions.

They don’t have any special dietary requirements but, like all cats, do best when eating high-quality cat food that meets American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutritional guidelines. They don’t require much in the grooming department, just a quick brushing once a week or so. Regular tooth brushing and nail clipping are also required.



Golden British Shorthair cats are sociable, relaxed, and loving pets. Between their sweet personalities and adorable chubby faces, they are incredibly easy to love. There are several reasons why these street-cat descendants are consistently some of the most popular cats in the UK and the US! They’re easy to care for, mellow, and make wonderful pets.

Featured Image Credit: OksanaSusoeva, Shutterstock

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