Can Guinea Pigs Eat Brussels Sprouts? What You Need to Know!

Last Updated: October 15, 2020

When it comes to feeding your guinea pig, it’s easy to get into the habit of thinking that any foods that are healthy for humans are perfectly safe for them as well. You may wonder, then, if vegetables like brussels sprouts are safe to feed to your cavy; the short answer is, yes, brussels sprouts are safe for guinea pigs in moderation.

There are some risks involved with overfeeding these leafy greens to your pig, so we’ll discuss the benefits and potential drawbacks of feeding your guinea pig brussels sprouts in depth below.

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Are There Health Benefits Involved With Feeding My Guinea Pig Brussel Sprouts?

Absolutely! Brussels sprouts are a very healthy vegetable for human diets, and they bring the same benefits in terms of nutrients to guinea pigs. Namely, these vegetables offer antioxidants and lots of fiber.

According to Healthline.com, eating brussels sprouts can supply large amounts of antioxidants in any diet. Antioxidants are healthy for both humans and guinea pigs, as they help get rid of free radicals, which can damage cells if they remain in the body.

Most guinea pig owners know that their pet’s diet should be high in fiber and relatively low in carbohydrates, and brussels sprouts offer this combination in one crunchy, delicious package. Experts at RSPCA.org maintain that fiber is necessary and beneficial in a guinea pig’s diet, as it helps maintain overall health and specifically gastrointestinal well-being. Brussels sprouts offer over 3 grams of fiber in every cup, which makes them a good source of this nutrient for your piggy.

Guinea Pig Bowl
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Do Brussels Sprouts Also Offer Vitamins?

They do! In addition to the healthy dose of antioxidants and fiber your cavy will get from brussels sprouts, they’ll also be getting vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin K.

The National Institutes of Health note that vitamin A is an essential vitamin that helps maintain healthy eyesight as well as a normally functioning immune system. Brussels sprouts are a great source of vitamin A for your cavy.

Most guinea pig owners are also familiar with the fact that guinea pigs, like many animals, cannot synthesize vitamin C on their own. All of the vitamin C your cavy needs each day must be acquired from their diet. Pet experts at Arizona Exotic Animal Hospital warn that guinea pigs need around 90 mg of vitamin C on a daily basis and an undersupply can lead to diarrhea, decreased appetite, difficulty healing after injury, and many more health issues. Brussels sprouts are an excellent source of vitamin C, pack nearly 75 mg into just one cup, and can help keep your guinea pig healthy.

Lastly, brussels sprouts offer a healthy amount of vitamin K as well. The NIH also notes that vitamin K helps maintain blood and bone health, so this is another benefit of offering your cavy some brussels sprouts.

Healthy Brussel Sprouts
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Are There Any Risks Involved With Feeding Brussel Sprouts To My Guinea Pig?

As is the case with all foods, brussels sprouts can be detrimental to your guinea pig’s health in excess. Before letting your little guy indulge, you should be aware of some negative effects brussels sprouts could have on their health.

First, brussels sprouts contain quite a lot of oxalic acid, also known as oxalates. Oxalates can be dangerous for guinea pigs, and research from North Carolina University’s Veterinary Medicine department warns that they can cause kidney and other urinary stones which can be very uncomfortable, cause infection, and can even be life-threatening.

Additionally, although vitamins are both necessary and healthy for normal body function, vitamins A and K are both fat-soluble, which means any amount that your guinea pig takes in above what they need will be stored in fat deposits. It’s possible to overdose on fat-soluble vitamins, so you need to take care not to overfeed your cavy brussels sprouts, which contain two fat-soluble vitamins.

Health Risk Guinea Pig
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How Can I Feed My Guinea Pig Brussels Sprouts?

You can offer brussels sprout leaves to your guinea pig along with their normal food or some other vegetables, as long as you keep it to once or twice a week.

To let your piggy indulge in this delicious vegetable, simply give them fresh, raw leaves from the sprouts. Never cook them before giving them to your cavy, as cooked food loses a lot of the beneficial nutrients.

Additionally, you may add butter and salt to your brussels sprouts to make them more palatable, but these additions are unhealthy for guinea pigs and should be avoided entirely. They will more than likely be very pleased with some simple unseasoned leaves added to their regular pellet meal.

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The Bottom Line

Brussels sprouts are perfectly safe and even beneficial for your guinea pigs, as long as they are offered in moderation. These vegetables can add a good number of vitamins and minerals to your pig’s diet that will help maintain proper health. However, be careful not to overfeed your cavy brussels sprouts, as there are some risks that emerge when they eat large quantities of this vegetable. Lastly, never cook them or season with salt or butter before offering them; your guinea pig will be very thankful to see just some raw brussels sprout leaves added to their regular food.


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