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Can Rabbits Eat Pumpkin? What You Need to Know!

Nicole Cosgrove

Pumpkins might be rabbits’ second-favorite orange vegetable, right after carrots! These winter squashes might be most popular in holiday pies, but they’re also a nutritionally dense food that can form an important part of a rabbit’s diet.

Today, you’ll be learning why pumpkin can be such a good addition to your pet rabbit’s diet. After looking at its nutrition facts, we’ll also cover two things you should not do when feeding pumpkin to your rabbits as well as how much pumpkin your rabbit should eat. By the time you’re finished, you’ll have everything you need to decide how you’d like to feed pumpkin to your rabbit.

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Yes! Rabbits Can Eat Pumpkin

Rabbits can and do eat pumpkin! They’re especially attracted to its sweet, sugary flesh. However, you can also feed pumpkin leaves to your rabbit as a valuable source of dietary fiber. While no part of the pumpkin is toxic for rabbits, in the following sections we’ll be telling you why you may not want to feed them the seeds or rinds.

Pumpkin Nutrition and Fun Facts

Pumpkin is a variety of winter squash most well-known for its appearance around Halloween and Thanksgiving. They are one of the oldest domesticated plants and originated in Northeast Mexico. The largest pumpkin on record weighed in at an amazing 2,624.6 pounds!

Extremely rich in Vitamin A and with a balanced mineral profile, pumpkin offers a lot of nutritional value alongside its sugar content. Comprised of 88% carbohydrates, 9% protein, and 3% fat, it’s sugary enough that it should be reserved as a treat for your rabbit.

pumpkin
Credit: Pixabay

Health Benefits of Pumpkin for Rabbits

The biggest health benefits of pumpkin come from its large quantities of Vitamin A. According to Peter Cheeke in his book Rabbit Feeding and Nutrition, Vitamin A is beneficial for the following functions in rabbits:

  • Promoting healthy vision
  • Maintaining the skin and mucus membranes
  • Supporting bone growth
  • Improving reproductive performance
  • Encouraging healthy growth and development
  • Protecting against disease and infection

Can Pumpkin Be Bad for Rabbits?

When fed raw to your rabbit, the only potential danger in pumpkin comes as a result of its high sugar content. Because a rabbit’s digestive system has a fragile balance of beneficial bacteria, too much sugar can cause indigestion or blockages. Always feed any sweet foods to your rabbit in moderation, as an occasional treat rather than a daily food.

The leaves and flesh of pumpkins are easily digested by your rabbit, but it’s advisable to remove the seeds, guts, and rind before serving pumpkin to your bunny. They’re both harder to digest and run the risk of getting caught in your rabbit’s throat.

pumpkin seed
Image: Pixabay

How to Feed Pumpkin to Your Rabbits

Whatever you do, you should never feed cooked pumpkin to your rabbit. This goes for any cooked food, actually! A rabbit’s digestive system is optimized for digesting raw grasses and vegetables, not processed or cooked foods. Feeding cooked foods to your rabbit can seriously harm their beneficial gut bacteria, leading to discomfort or danger.

Look for organic pumpkins to keep your rabbit safe and healthy. The wax and pesticides found in non-organic produce can be harmful to your rabbit’s health, especially for thick-rind vegetables like pumpkins.

How Much Pumpkin Should I Feed My Rabbit?

Because of their complex digestive systems, rabbits should always have new foods introduced gradually into their diets. Try feeding your bunny just a few mouthfuls of raw pumpkin, then watch closely for any of the following signs of indigestion:

  • Bloating
  • Lethargy
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea

At the first notice of any of these signs, you should stop feeding pumpkin to your rabbit immediately.

If your rabbit’s digestion does handle pumpkin well, it can become a valuable part of their diet. Because of its high sugar content, aim to feed your rabbit pumpkin as a treat only once or twice per week. A handy trick is to base a single serving size on the size of your rabbit’s head, more for larger rabbits and less for smaller ones.

Types of Pumpkin to Feed Your Rabbit

Any of the many varieties of pumpkin can make a fine addition to your rabbit’s diet. However, it’s vitally important to only feed raw pumpkin to your rabbit. Any cooked foods can cause serious digestive issues for your rabbit and should be avoided completely.

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Final Thoughts on Feeding Pumpkin to Your Rabbit

Pumpkin can make an excellent treat for your rabbit any time of the year. Its high sugar content is offset by a large presence of beneficial vitamins and minerals, making it a great occasional addition to your rabbit’s diet. Feel free to get your bunny involved with your Halloween or Thanksgiving festivities this year by feeding them pumpkins!

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Featured Image: Olivia Spink on Unsplash

Nicole Cosgrove

Nicole is the proud mom of Baby, a Burmese cat and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts' knowledge with pet lovers across the globe.