Dental disease is one of the most common issues seen in both young and old cats alike. Dental disease can be a serious, painful, and debilitating disease. But as cats are masters at hiding pain, it can be hugely difficult to determine for most cat owners if their cat is actually experiencing a dental disease. Many cats with dental disease eat well and act totally normal, which means that having a good relationship with your cat’s vet, and keeping to regular exam schedules that include an annual or semi-annual oral exam are important parts of keeping your cat healthy.
The following are some of the most common diseases that cats experience in their mouths. While not all-inclusive, it will cover some of the common issues to watch for, and the treatment and prognosis for each.
The 5 Most Common Dental Diseases in Cats
1. Feline Resorptive Lesions
The dreaded cat cavity! These are, hands down, one of the most common issues vets see in cats’ mouths. They appear as pink streaks or spots on a cat’s tooth, and are often seen on specific teeth.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums in the mouth. It can cause bleeding, be painful, and is often quite treatable.
Calculus is the formation of calcified bacteria and film on teeth, which can lead to secondary issues, such as gingivitis, gum recession, and pain.
4. Fractured teeth
Fractured teeth are most commonly in the canines in cats, particularly the upper canines.
Ulcers are defects in the surface of the gums, which can be painful, and lead to underlying infections. Often, they will cause cats to drool excessively. In some instances, they can also be seen on the tongue.
Feline Oral Health Homecare Tips
Learning to do oral care for your cat’s mouth at home can be a huge part of keeping their mouth healthy! Here are some simple tips to keep your cat’s smile healthy, their breath fresh, and their vet happy!
Dental disease is one of the most common issues seen in young and old cats alike. It can strike as early as two or three years of age, can often return throughout their lifetime, and can require a skillful exam by your veterinarian to detect the early signs of disease. Some feline diseases are preventable, while others are not. However, every little bit of home care helps—so, speak with your vet about what options exist for your particular cat.
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