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Home > Cats > Why Do Cats Arch Their Backs? 7 Vet-Reviewed Reasons

Why Do Cats Arch Their Backs? 7 Vet-Reviewed Reasons

Norwegian forest cat is running arched its back

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Cats are known for their mysterious and quirky behaviors, one of which is arching their backs. But why do they exhibit this peculiar posture? The answer lies in their instinctive responses. When a cat arches their back, it’s usually a reaction to feeling threatened or needing to stretch. However, other times cats arch their backs when playing or enjoying a stroke. Assessing what else is going on and any other body language signals your cat is giving will help you to determine what your cat is trying to communicate. This article will delve into the various reasons behind this fascinating feline behavior.

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The 7 Possible Reasons Why Cats Arch Their Backs

1. Evolutionary Instincts

Cats are solitary hunters by nature, a trait that has been honed by evolution over thousands of years. Their survival often depends on their ability to defend themselves from potential threats. When faced with danger, a cat’s instinct is to make itself appear larger and more formidable to intimidate the aggressor and deter an attack. One way they achieve this is by arching their back, which makes their silhouette appear larger and more menacing. This behavior is ingrained in their DNA and is a testament to their survival instincts.

british shorthair cat having Arched Back
Image Credit: Piqsels

2. Fear and Anxiety

Fear and anxiety can also trigger a cat to arch their back. This behavior could be a response to various factors such as a sudden loud noise, the presence of an unfamiliar person or animal, or a drastic change in their environment. In these situations, the arched back serves as a defensive posture, designed to make the cat appear bigger and more intimidating. By doing so, the cat hopes to ward off any potential threat and ensure its own safety.


3. Playfulness

A cat may also arch their back during playtime. This behavior is particularly common among kittens who are still learning how to hunt and defend themselves. By incorporating these survival behaviors into their play, they are essentially rehearsing for real-life scenarios where they might need to fend off a threat. So, when you see your kitten arching its back during a play session, know that it’s part of their natural play-fighting behavior and a crucial aspect of their development.

two cats meeting outdoors in the back yard looking at each other making arched back and fluffy tail
Image Credit: Nils Jacobi, Shutterstock

4. Stretching

Often, a cat will arch their back as part of a stretching routine, especially after waking up from a nap. This movement helps to stretch out their muscles and maintain their agility. It’s a normal and healthy behavior that contributes to their overall well-being.


5. Seeking attention

Some cats arch their backs and rub around you when they are being stroked, they may also purr. This is a sign they are enjoying being petted.

white with black tail domestic cat standing with arched back and hair standing out
Image Credit: katamount, Shutterstock

6. Pain or Discomfort

Frequent and unexplained back arching can sometimes indicate a health issue. If a cat is experiencing pain or discomfort, they might arch their back as a reaction. If you notice your cat displaying this behavior along with other signs of illness, such as changes in appetite or litter box habits, it’s essential to consult a veterinarian.


7. Age-Related Changes

As cats get older, they may develop certain health conditions like arthritis, which can cause discomfort or pain. In such cases, a cat might arch its back to alleviate some of the discomfort. If you have an older cat that starts to arch their back more frequently, it might be a good idea to have them checked by a vet to rule out any underlying health issues.

Cat arches his back standing on the old car
Image Credit: Dmytro from Ukraine, Shutterstock

divider-catCat Body Language That Often Comes Along With an Arched Back

Because an arched back can mean a wide variety of things, it’s important to interpret it with the situation and other body language signs your cat is showing. This will help you work out what your cat is trying to tell you. Here are some other signs that can indicate your cat is feeling fearful or threatened:

Tail Puffing

When a cat arches its back, they often accompany this posture by puffing up their tail. This action helps the cat appear even larger and more intimidating to potential predators or rivals. The puffed-up tail is a visual warning sign meant to deter any would-be aggressors and protect the cat from harm.

red-haired cat in the village on the porch gets angry arches his back
Image Credit: Samokhina Anna, Shutterstock

Sideways Positioning

In addition to arching their back, a threatened cat will usually turn their body sideways towards the perceived threat. This positioning serves to maximize the cat’s size visually, making them appear larger and more intimidating. This behavior, combined with a back arch and a puffed-up tail, sends a clear message to any potential aggressors: “Stay away, I’m ready to defend myself.”

Hissing and Growling

If a cat feels threatened enough to arch their back, they may also resort to vocal warnings such as hissing or growling. These sounds serve as an additional deterrent, signaling to the threat that the cat is not afraid to defend themselves. If you encounter a cat exhibiting these behaviors, it’s best to give them space and avoid further provoking them.

European Shorthair Cat Hissing and Arching Back with Hair Standing Up
Image Credit: yhelfman, Shutterstock

The 3 Ways to Respond to a Cat Arching Their Back

1. Respect Their Space

When a cat is arching their back as a sign of fear or aggression, it’s crucial to respect their personal space. Attempting to comfort or touch them in this state might result in accidental scratches or bites. It’s best to give them time to calm down before trying to interact with them again.

Ginger cat arches back on the roof
Image By: Marina Kryuchina, Shutterstock

2. Distract Them

If your cat is reacting to a specific stimulus that’s causing them stress, such as a loud noise or an unfamiliar person, one effective strategy can be to distract them. Use their favorite toy or treat to shift their focus away from the stressor and help them relax.


3. Consult a Vet

Frequent and unexplained back arching could be a sign of underlying health issues. If your cat is displaying this behavior regularly and you suspect it might be due to pain or discomfort, it’s recommended to consult a veterinarian. They can conduct a thorough examination to identify any potential health problems and advise on the appropriate treatment.

vet examining sick cat
Image By: Hryshchyshen Serhii, Shutterstock

divider-catOther FAQs About Arched Backs in Cats

Q: Why does my cat arch their back when I stroke them?

A: Cats may arch their backs during petting either because they find the sensation enjoyable or as a means to stretch their muscles. However, if your cat exhibits signs of discomfort or aggression alongside this behavior, it could indicate that they don’t appreciate being touched in certain places.

Q: How should I react if my cat arches their back and hisses at me?

A: When a cat arches their back, hisses, and displays other signs of fear or aggression, it’s advisable to give them some space. Attempting to comfort them in this state could lead to unintentional injuries like scratches or bites.

small kitten sternly coat and arched back
Image By: Bachkova Natalia, Shutterstock

Q: How can I differentiate between a scared cat arching its back and one that’s merely stretching?

A: Pay attention to additional body language cues. If your cat is merely stretching, they’ll likely relax shortly afterward and resume their activities. However, if they’re frightened, they may puff up their tail, position themselves sideways, and make noises like hissing or growling.

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Conclusion

Understanding why cats arch their backs helps us better understand their behavior and communicate with them effectively. Whether they’re stretching, playing, or feeling threatened, this posture provides valuable insight into their mindset. When faced with an arched-back cat, observe their other behaviors and respond appropriately, which may mean giving them space, distracting them, or seeking veterinary attention.


Featured Image Credit: Elisa Putti, Shutterstock

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